Open Access Research article

Integrative analyses of speciation and divergence in Psammodromus hispanicus (Squamata: Lacertidae)

Patrick S Fitze1234*, Virginia Gonzalez-Jimena23, Luis M San-Jose23, Diego San Mauro5, Pedro Aragón1, Teresa Suarez6 and Rafael Zardoya2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Ecology and Evolution (DEE), Université de Lausanne, Biophore, Lausanne, CH-1015, Switzerland

2 Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC), Calle José Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid, E-28006, Spain

3 Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (IPE-CSIC), Avenida Regimiento de Galicia s/n, Jaca, E-22700, Spain

4 Fundación Araid, Edificio Pignatelli, Paseo Maria Agustin 36, Zaragoza, E-50004, Spain

5 Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK

6 Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiopathology, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas (CSIC), Calle Ramiro de Maetzu 9, Madrid, E-28040, Spain

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011, 11:347  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-347

Published: 30 November 2011

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Table S1. Sampling locations and obtained sample size. A. Samples of P. hispanicus, b. samples of P. algirus. Given are the population number, which corresponds to the populations shown in Figure 4, the locality, Spanish province, the exact location, the sample size (number males/number females/number individuals with unknown sex), the total sample size per population and the collection numbers. We further indicate whether the authors knew the population previously (yes: known population; close: a population close by was known, no individuals were found, and thus, the search radius was extended and individuals in an unknown location were found; no: the population was not known), whether the record is new with respect to the Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles [15], and whether the population was located on the northern (N) or southern (S) Peninsula.

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Additional file 2:

Assessment of inter-model variability with respect to ENFA. Supporting methods, results and figures are provided. The supporting information includes predictive maps of P. hispanicus lineages and spatial projections of niche overlap derived from lineage specific ensemble forecasts (Figure S1) using combined models of ENFA, MaxEnt and Multidimensional Envelopes (MDE), percentage of niche overlap predicted by different types of ensembles and by ENFA (Table S2), and differences between lineages in habitat suitability of sampled populations predicted by MaxEnt (Figure S2).

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Additional file 3:

Figure S3. Minimum-convex polygons of P. hispanicus populations. Minimum-convex polygons encompassing the populations of the Western (green), Central (red), and edwardsianus lineage (blue). Overlap between polygons denotes potential contact zones between lineages.

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Additional file 4:

Table S3. Sampled specimen. Collection number, GenBank accession numbers, and MNCN/ADN voucher numbers of the specimens used in this study.

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