Summary of geographic distribution of mitochondrial, biparental microsatellites and Y-chromosome variation in chamois. The affiliation to Clades West, Central and East of extant populations of chamois for the different markers analyzed is represented by forms colored in black, grey and white, respectively. The hypothetical dispersal of male lineages during the Pleistocene is represented by gross lines. Tiny lines represent contraction-expansion of populations within a limited geographical range.
Pérez et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:272 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-272