Table 1

Molecular phylogenetic analyses attempting to resolve the relationships among malaria parasites.

Reference

Gene*

Outgroup taxa

Number of ingroup taxa

Laverania + avian malaria parasites


Waters et al. 1991 [53]

SSU rRNA

Acanthamoeba castellani

10

Yes

Escalante and Ayala 1994 [3]

SSU rRNA

Theileria annulata

Babesia bovis

Sarcocystis fusiformis

11

No

Escalante and Ayala 1995 [56]

SSU rRNA

Colpidium campylum

Euplotes aediculatus

Glaucoma chattoni

Opisthonecta henneguyi

Paramecium tetraurelia

5

Yes

Qari et al. 1996

[68]

SSU rRNA

Toxoplasma gondii,

Paramecium tetraurelia

13

No

Escalante et al. 1998 [69]

Cyt b

Toxoplasma gondii

17

No

Rathore et al. 2001 [70]

SSU rRNA

Toxoplasma gondii

8

Yes

Cyt b

Toxoplasma gondii

8

No

ClpC

Toxoplasma gondii

9

No

Perkins and Schall 2002 [58]

Cyt b

Theileria annulata

Leucocytozoon dubreuli

Leucocytozoon simondi

52

No

Kissinger et al. 2002 [57]

SSU rRNA

Theileria annulata

Babesia equis

10

Yes

Leclerc et al. 2004

[59]

SSU rRNA

Toxoplasma gondii

Sarcocystis fusiformis

Babesia bovis

21

No

Roy and Irimia 2008

[60]

SSU rRNA

Leucocytozoon caulleryi

Leucocytozoon sabrazesi

18

No

Martinsen et al. 2008 [61]

Cyt b, Cox I, ClpC, ASL (concatenated)

Leucocytozoon spp.

57

No

Ollomo et al. 2009 [4]

Cyt b, Cox I, Cox III (concatenated)

Leucocytozoon caulleryi

17

No

Krief et al. 2010 [7]

Dhfr-ts, Msp2 (concatenated)

Leucocytozoon sabrazesi

42

No

Silva et al. 2010 [53]

29 proteins

(concatenated)

Theileria annulata

Theileria annulata

8

No


Note that only analyses are listed that included non-Plasmodium species as an outgroup taxa

*Abbreviations: SSU rRNA, 18S small subunit ribosomal RNA; Cyt b, cytochrome b; ClpC, caseinolytic protease C; Cox I and III, cytochrome oxidase I and III; ASL, adenylosuccinate lyase; Dhfr-ts, dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase; Msp2, merozoite surface protein 2.

Pick et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:167   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-167

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