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Unprecedented within-species chromosome number cline in the Wood White butterfly Leptidea sinapis and its significance for karyotype evolution and speciation

Vladimir A Lukhtanov12*, Vlad Dincă34, Gerard Talavera34 and Roger Vila35*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Karyosystematics, Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Science, Universitetskaya nab. 1, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia

2 Department of Entomology, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab. 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia

3 Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (CSIC-UPF), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain

4 Departament de Genètica i Microbiologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain

5 Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Passeig Lluís Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011, 11:109  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-109

Published: 20 April 2011

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Additional Text, Figures and Tables. a) Additional results of chromosomal analyses. b) Figure S1. Karyotypes of Leptidea sinapis. c) Table S1. Discriminant analysis classification results for chromosomal races of L. sinapis and L. reali. d) Table S2. List of specimens included in this study. e) Table S3. Results of morphometric analysis of the male genitalia. f) Table S4. List of the specimens included in the analysis of geographical longitude vs. chromosome number. g) Table S5. Estimation of TMRCA of L. sinapis under a coalescent model.

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