Table 1

Taxonomic designation, sample size, geographic origin, and colony abbreviation of gull populations used in this study

taxon

n

geographic origin

abbreviation

geographic coordinates

collected by


argentatus

10

Russia, White Sea

WSA

67°09'N,32°23'E

I. Charitonova, A. Filchagov

6

Norway, Tromso

NNO

69°40'N,19°00'E

R. R. Snell

6

Finland, Lake-Saimaa

FIN

61°16'N,28°15'E

R. Juvatse

6

Estonia, Matsalu

EST

58°46'N,23°44'E

R. Juvaste

2

Poland, Wloclawek

POL

52°39'N,19°05'E

M. Zielinski

4

Germany, Hiddensee

MVP

54°20'N,13°10'E

R. Barth, A. J. Helbig

4

Denmark, Lindholm

DEN

55°43'N,11°43'E

K. T. Pederson

4

Sweden, NW Skane

SSW

56°27'N,12°34'E

K. Bengtson

6

Norway, Vest-Agder

SNO

58°10'N,06°40'E

T. O. Hansen


argenteus

18

Iceland, Skruder

ICE

65°00'N,13°20'W

R. R. Snell

10

Iceland, Karlsskali

ICW

65°00'N,13°20'W

R. R. Snell

4

Denmark, Faroe Islands

FAR

62°20'N,07°20'W

R. R. Snell

6

England, Isle of May

ENG

56°11'N,02°33'W

B. H. Bailey, M.Harris

8

France, Finistere

FRA

48°40'N,03°20'W

R. R. Snell

11

Netherlands, Maasvlakte

NET

51°56'N,04°28'E

F. Cottaar, N v. Swelm

4

Germany, Helgoland

HGL

54°11'N,07°54'E

N. Robert


hyperboreus

8

Russia, Novaja Semlja

NOS

73°15'N,56°01'E

A. J. Helbig

Eurasia

10

Svalbard, Longyearbyen

SVA

78°13'N,15°20'E

R. R. Snell

5

Denmark, Faroe Islands

FAR

61°35'N,05°00'W

J. K. Jensen

9

Iceland, Bjarnhafnarfjall

ICB

65°00'N,23°00'W

R. R. Snell


hyperboreus

17

Canada, NWT, Baffin Island

BAF

69°00'N,68°00'W

R. R. Snell

N. Am.

7

USA, Alaska, Yukon

ALY

62°25'N,165°31'W

A. J. Baker

9

USA, NW Alaska

ALA

71°11'N,163°51'W

J. A. Gerwin

2

USA, Washington

WAS

47°20'N,120°05'W

R. Chandler, S. Rohwer


marinus

11

Denmark, Katholm, Jylland

KAT

55°43'N,11°43'E

E. Fritze, K. T. Pedersen

Europe

2

Netherlands, Maasvlakte

NET

51°56'N,04°28'E

F. Cottaar, N v. Swelm

2

France, Finistere

FRA

48°40'N,03°20'W

R. R. Snell

15

Denmark, Faroe Islands

FAR

61°35'N,05°00'W

J. K. Jensen

2

Iceland, Skruder

ICE

65°00'N,13°20'W

R. R. Snell


marinus

3

Canada, Newfoundland

NFL

47°18'N,52°48'W

A. J. Baker

N. Am.

11

Canada, Bay of Fundy

FUN

45°12'N,86°09'W

C. Pekarik

18

Canada, Lake Ontario

ONT

43°53'N,76°23'W

C. Pekarik


atlantis

3

Portugal, Berlenga Islands

39°24'N,09°30'W

M.v. Leeuwen, L. Moreis

5

Morocco, Essaouria

31°29'N,09°45'W

M.v. Leeuwen, N. v. Swelm

5

Portugal, Island of Madeira

32°52'N,17°10'W

M.v. Leeuwen, N. v. Swelm


michahellis

5

Spain, Gibraltar

36°08'N,05°21'W

M.v. Leeuwen, N. v. Swelm

2

France, Alsace

48°10'N,08°00'W

M. Boschert

4

Italy, Capraia Island

43°03'N,09°48'W

N. Baccetti

2

Malta, Filfla Island

35°57'N,14°26'W

J. Sultana, C. Gauci

5

Greece, Island of Crete

35°10'N,25°50'W

A. J. Helbig


cachinnans

6

Rumania, Danube Delta

44°30'N,28°30'E

R. Klein, A. Buchheim

4

Ukraine, Odessa

46°20'N,32°30'E

A. Rudenko, N. v. Swelm

7

Ukraine, Azov' Black Sea

44°30'N,28°30'E

V. Dierschke, D. Liebers

16

Russia, N Caspian Sea

45°00'N,48°20'E

T. Tennhardt, D. Liebers


fuscus

17

Finland, Lake Saimaa

61°16'N,28°15'E

R. Juvaste

graellsii

4

Denmark, Faroe Islands

61°35'N,05°00'W

E. Fritze

8

Iceland

64°09'N,21°57'W

A. Sigfusson


smithsonianus

6

Canada, Lake Ontario

ONT

45°20'N,80°02'W

D. Liebers

15

Canada, New Brunsewick

NBR

47°51'N,64°33'W

R. R. Snell

9

Canada, Prince Edward Island

PEI

46°10'N,63°30'W

R. R. Snell

5

USA, Alaska, Fairbanks

ALF

64°50'N,147°10'W

R. R. Snell


Indicated are the commonly used taxonomic names, sample sizes, geographic origins, and sample collectors for all gull populations used in this study. The colony abbreviations correspond with those in figures 3, 4, and 5.

Sternkopf et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010 10:348   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-348

Open Data