Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

The imprint of the Slave Trade in an African American population: mitochondrial DNA, Y chromosome and HTLV-1 analysis in the Noir Marron of French Guiana

Nicolas Brucato1*, Olivier Cassar2, Laure Tonasso1, Patricia Tortevoye2, Florence Migot-Nabias3, Sabine Plancoulaine24, Evelyne Guitard1, Georges Larrouy1, Antoine Gessain2 and Jean-Michel Dugoujon1

Author Affiliations

1 Laboratoire d'Anthropobiologie Moléculaire et Imagerie de Synthèse, CNRS and Université Paul Sabatier, FRE2960, Toulouse, France

2 Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

3 Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) UMR 216 Mère et enfant face aux infections tropicales & Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France

4 Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U980, Paris, France

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010, 10:314  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-314

Published: 19 October 2010

Additional files

Additional file 1:

References of the populations compiled in the databases used for the comparisons to Noir Marron data.

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Additional file 2:

MtDNA haplotypes and their respective haplogroup classification found in Noir Marron, Beninese, Yacouba and Ahizi sampling.

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Additional file 3:

AMOVA analyses performed with mtDNA and NRY data to compare the Noir Marron gene pool with the ones of the databases.

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Additional file 4:

NRY haplotypes and their respective haplogroup classification found in Noir Marron, Beninese, Yacouba and Ahizi sampling.

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Additional file 5:

LTR phylogenetic tree constructed by the neighbour-joining method of HTLV-1 strains in 8 Noir Marron (in red) and HTLV-1 sequences of the database. The Noir Marron data already published are coded "NM". The H24 strain was used as out-group. The HTLV-1 strains were aligned with the DAMBE program (version 4.2.13). The final alignment was submitted to the Modeltest program (version 3.6) to select, according to the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC), the best model to apply to phylogenetic analyses. The selected model was the GTR. Bootstrap support (1,000 replicates) is noted on the branch of the tree.

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