Table 3

Taxonomy of subfamily Leuciscinae based on the phylogenetic results obtained in this study and lineages that need further review.

Previous Taxonomy

Proposed taxonomy after this study


Genus Notemigonus (Lineage I)

N. crysoleucas [152]

N. crysoleucas


Genus Alburnus (Lineage II)

Al. alburnus [2]; Al. arborella [2]; Al. belvica [2]; Al. demiri [153]; Al. escherichii [154]; Al. filippii [154]; Al. hohenackeri [2]; Al. macedonicus [2]; Al. mento [2]; Al. orontis [154]; Al. sarmaticus [2]; Al. thessalicus [2]

Without changes

Alburnus populations from Kizilimark R.

Alburnus sp. 1

Alburnus populations from Stryrmon R.

Alburnus sp. 2

Al. sellal [154]; Al. baliki [155]; Al. kotschyi [156]; Al. orontis [154]

A new genus should be described for these species to avoid the paraphyletic status of Alburnus (Type species: A. alburnus)


Genus Anaecypris (Lineage II)

An. hispanica [2]

An. Hispanica


Genus Leucaspius (Lineage II)

L. delineatus [2]

L. delineatus


Genus Pseudophoxinus (Lineage II)

Ps. punicus [157]

A new genus should be described for this species because real Pseudophoxinus (type species P. zeregi) belong to a different lineage


Genus Scardinius (Lineage III)

Sc. acarnanicus [2]; Sc. erythrophthalmus [2]; Sc. graecus [2]; Sc. hesperidicus [2]; Sc. plotizza [2]; Sc. scardafa [2]

Without changes


Genus Tropidophoxinellus (Lineage IV)

Genus Tropidophoxinellus

Tr. hellenicus [2]; Tr. spartiaticus [2]

Without Changes

Genus Pseudophoxinellus

Ps. callensis [77]

Tr. callensis

Ps. chaignoni [77]

Tr. chaignoni


Genus Petroleuciscus (Lineage V)

Without changes

Pe. borysthenicus [2], Pe. smyrnaeus [2]

Genus Petroleuciscus

Genus Squalius

Sq. aphipsi [2]

Pe. aphipsi

Necessary to analyze all species considered as belonging to Petroleuciscus (P. kurui, P. squaliusculus, P. ulanus)


Genus Ladigesocypris (Lineage V)

Genus Squalius

La. ghigii [2]

La. irideus [2]

Sq. ghigii

Sq. irideus

Genus Squalius (Lineage V)

Sq. albus [2]; Sq. aradensis [2]; Sq. carolitertii [2]; Sq. castellanus [158]; Sq. cephalus [2]; Sq. illyricus [2]; Sq. keadicus [2]; Sq. kosswigi [159]; Sq. kottelati [159]; Sq. laietanus [2]; Sq. lepidus [2]; Sq. lucumonis [2]; Sq. malacitanus [2]; Sq. microlepis [2]; Sq. moreoticus [2]; Sq. orientalis [2]; Sq. orpheus [2]; Sq. pamvoticus [2]; Sq. peloponensis [2]; Sq. prespensis [2]; Sq. pyrenaicus [2]; Sq. squalus [2]; Sq. svallize [2]; Sq. tenellus [2]; Sq. torgalensis [2]; Sq. valentinus [2]; Sq. vardarense [2]; Sq. zrmanjae [2]

Without changes

Squalius populations from Southern Spain

Squalius sp

Squalius populations from Aksheir L. Turkey

Squalius sp_Euphrates

Squalius populations from Euphrates drainage

Squalius sp_Aksheir

Squalius populations from Rama L. BiH

Squalius aff. vardarensis

Squalius populations from Manikiotico R.

Squalius cf. orpheus


Genus Achondrostoma (Lineage VI)

Achondrostoma

Ach. arcasii [2]; Ach. occidentale [2]; Ach. salmantinum [158]; Ach. oligolepis [2]

Achondrostoma populations from NE Spain

Without changes

Achondrostoma sp


Genus Chondrostoma (Lineage VI)

Ch. angorense [160]; Ch. cyri [160]; Ch. holmwoodii [161]; Ch. knerii [2]; Ch. meandrense [160]; Ch. nasus [2]; Ch. oxyrhynchum [2]; Ch. phoxinus [2]; Ch. prespensis [2]; Ch. regium [160]; Ch. soetta [2]; Ch. vardarense [2]

Ch. olisiponensis [162]

Without changes

Iberochondrostoma olisiponensis


Genus Iberochondrostoma (Lineage VI)

Ib. almacai [2];; Ib. lemmingii [2]; Ib. lusitanicum [2]; Ib. oretanum [2]

Without changes


Genus Parachondrostoma (Lineage VI)

Pa. arrigonis [2]; Pa. miegii [2]; Pa. toxostoma [2]; Pa. turiense [2]

Without changes


Genus Phoxinellus (Lineage VI)

Ph. alepidotus [2]; Ph. dalmaticus [2]; Ph. pseudalepidotus [2]

Without changes


Genus Protochondrostoma (Lineage VI)

Pr. genei [2]

Without changes


Genus Pseudochondrostoma (Lineage VI)

Pse. duriense [2]; Pse. polylepis [2]; Pse. willkommii [2]

Without changes


Genus Pseudophoxinus (Lineage VI)

Ps. alii [77]; Ps. anatolicus [154]; Ps. antalyae [154]; Ps. battalgilae [154]; Ps. crassus [154]; Ps. elizavetae [77]; Ps. evliyae [163]; Ps. fahrettini [163]; Ps. firati [77]; Ps. kervillei [164]; Ps. ninae [63]; Ps. zekayi [77]; Ps. zeregi [165]

Without changes

Pseudophoxinus populations from Eflatun Pinari spring. Turkey

Pseudophoxinus sp_EflatunPinari


Genus Telestes (Lineage VI)

Te. alfiensis [63]; Te. beoticus [2]; Te. croaticus [2]; Te. fontinalis [2]; Te. metohiensis [2]; Te. montenegrinus [2]; Te. muticellus [2]; Te. pleurobipunctatus [2];

Te. polylepis [2]; Te. souffia [2]; Te. turskyi [2]; Te. ukliva [2]

Telestes populations from Dreznica. Croatia

Without changes

Telestes sp.


Genus Rutilus (Lineage VII)

Ru. aula [2]; Ru. basak [2]; Ru. frisii [2]; Ru. heckeli [2]; Ru. ohridanus [2]; Ru. panosi [2]; Ru. pigus [2]; Ru. prespensis [2]; Ru. rubilio [2]; Ru. rutilus [2]; Ru. ylikiensis [2]

Without changes


Genus Abramis (Lineage VIII)

Ab. brama [2]

Without changes


Genus Acanthobrama (Lineage VIII)

Genus Acanthobrama

Ac. lissneri [166]; Ac. marmid [154]

Without changes

Genus Acanthalburnus (Lineage VIII)

Aca. microlepis [154]

Ac. microlepis

Genus Petroleuciscus (Lineage VIII)

Pe. persidis [167]

Ac. Persidis


Genus Ballerus (Lineage VIII)

Ba. ballerus [2]; Ba. sapa [2]

Without changes


Genus Blicca (Lineage VIII)

Bl. bjoerkna [2]

Without changes


Genus Mirogrex (Lineage VIII)

Mi. terrasanctae [164]

Without changes


Genus Vimba (Lineage VIII)

Genus Vimba

Vi. melanops [2]; Vi. vimba [2]

Without changes

Genus Acanthobrama

Ac. mirabilis [154] (Vi. Vimba by synonymy [6])

V. mirabilis


Genus Alburnoides (Lineage IX)

Alb. bipunctatus [2]; Alb. prespensis [2]; Alb. bipunctatus [2]

Without changes


Genus Leuciscus (Lineage X)

Genus Leuciscus

Le. idus [2]; Le. latus [167]; Le. leuciscus [2]; Le. schdmidti [46]; Le. walecki [168]

Without changes

Genus Aspius (Lineage X)

As. aspius [2];

Le. aspius

As. vorax [2]

Le. vorax


Genus Pseudophoxinus (Lineage XI)

P. egridiri [154]

A new genus should be described for this species because real Pseudophoxinus (type species P. zeregi) belong to a different lineage


Genus Pachychilon (Lineage XII)

Pac. macedonicum [2]; Pac. pictum [2]

Without changes


Genus Delminichthys (Lineage XII)

D. adpersus [2]; D. ghetaldii [2]; D. jadovensis [2]; D. krbavensis [2]

Without changes


Genus Pelasgus (Lineage XIII)

P. laconicus [2]; P. marathonicus [2]; P. minutus [2]; P. prespensis [2]; P. stymphalicus [2]; P. thesproticus [2]

Without changes


Genus Pelecus (Lineage XIV)

P. cultratus [2]

Without changes


Perea et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010 10:265   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-265

Open Data