Phylogenetic hypothesis of the Family Talpidae. (A) Shinohara et al. 2003 , (B) Motokawa 2004 , and (C) Whidden 2000 . Line colours refer to the habitats exploited by each: high-alpine terrestrial (black), semi-aquatic (blue), fossorial (brown) and semi-fossorial (green). Note that all topologies suggest that the lineage leading towards present-day eastern moles arose following an extensive period of fossorial evolution.
Campbell et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010 10:214 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-214