NumbL is essential for Xenopus primary neurogenesis
1 Institute of Developmental Biochemistry, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany
2 Center for Nanoscale Microscopy and Molecular Physiology of the Brain (CNMPB), Goettingen 37077, Germany
3 Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Proteomics Group, Hermann-Rein-Str. 3, Goettingen 37075, Germany
BMC Developmental Biology 2013, 13:36 doi:10.1186/1471-213X-13-36Published: 14 October 2013
Members of the vertebrate Numb family of cell fate determinants serve multiple functions throughout early embryogenesis, including an essential role in the development of the nervous system. The Numb proteins interact with various partner proteins and correspondingly participate in multiple cellular activities, including inhibition of the Notch pathway.
Here, we describe the expression characteristics of Numb and Numblike (NumbL) during Xenopus development and characterize the function of NumbL during primary neurogenesis. NumbL, in contrast to Numb, is expressed in the territories of primary neurogenesis and is positively regulated by the Neurogenin family of proneural transcription factors. Knockdown of NumbL afforded a complete loss of primary neurons and did not lead to an increase in Notch signaling in the open neural plate. Furthermore, we provide evidence that interaction of NumbL with the AP-2 complex is required for NumbL function during primary neurogenesis.
We demonstrate an essential role of NumbL during Xenopus primary neurogenesis and provide evidence for a Notch-independent function of NumbL in this context.