DMSO-induced HL60 differentiation exhibits hysteresis. HL60 cells were stimulated with 0% to 1.25%v/v DMSO (solid "forward" curve) for one week, after which cells in the 1.25% sample were washed and restimulated again in 0% to 1.25% DMSO (dashed "backward" curve). For both responses, differentiation was monitored by flow cytometry for CD11b after 7 days of stimulation (i.e. at stationary state). Vertical axis represents the fraction of CD11bHigh cells relative to that exhibited by maximally differentiated cells exposed to 1.25% DMSO for 7 days. Note that the proportion of CD11bHigh cells at a given DMSO concentration depended on the history of previous treatment ("forward" vs. "backward"). Duplicate results are presented; each data point represents a flow cytometry measurement obtained from 10,000 cells.
Chang et al. BMC Cell Biology 2006 7:11 doi:10.1186/1471-2121-7-11