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Open Access Research article

Musashi1 expression cells derived from mouse embryonic stem cells can be enriched in side population isolated by fluorescence activated cell sorter

Tao Yu1, Li-Na Zhao1, Shao-Yang Lan2, Miao-Jing Fan3, Yu Gong4, Liu Shi5, Yu-Hong Yuan1, Kai-Hong Huang1 and Qi-Kui Chen1*

Author affiliations

1 Department of Gastroenterology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, 107 Yan Jiang Xi Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

2 Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, 16 Ji Chang Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

3 Department of Pathology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, 107 Yan Jiang Xi Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

4 Department of Internal Medicine, Hubei Xinhua Hospital, 5 Xin Tian Men Dun Road, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China

5 Department of Gastroenterology, the First People's Hospital, 69 Tai Gong Road, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, People's Republic of China

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Citation and License

BMC Cell Biology 2011, 12:47  doi:10.1186/1471-2121-12-47

Published: 26 October 2011

Abstract

Background

Purifying stem cells is an inevitable process for further investigation and cell-therapy. Sorting side population (SP) cells is generally regarded as an effective method to enrich for progenitor cells. This study was to explore whether sorting SP could enrich for the Musashi1 (Msi1) positive cells from Msi1 high expression cells (Msi1high cells) derived from mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in vitro.

Results

In this study, Msi1high cell population derived from ESCs were stained by Hoechst 33342, and then the SP and non-SP (NSP) fractions were analyzed and sorted by fluorescence activated cell sorter. Subsequently, the expressions of Msi1 and other markers for neural and intestinal stem cells in SP and NSP were respectively detected. SP and NSP cells were hypodermically engrafted into the backs of NOD/SCID mice to form grafts. The developments of neural and intestinal epithelial cells in these grafts were investigated. SP fraction was identified and isolated from Msi1high cell population. The expression of Msi1 in SP fraction was significantly higher than that in NSP fraction and unsorted Msi1high cells (P< 0.05). Furthermore, the markers for neural cells and intestinal epithelial cells were more highly expressed in the grafts from SP fraction than those from NSP fraction (P< 0.05).

Conclusions

SP fraction, isolated from Msi1high cells, contains almost all the Msi1-positive cells and has the potential to differentiate into neural and intestinal epithelial cells in vivo. Sorting SP fraction could be a convenient and practical method to enrich for Msi1-positive cells from the differentiated cell population derived from ESCs.