siRNA against PPL delayed the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. D562 cells were transfected with control siRNA or siRNA 1 against PPL. (A) Downregulation of PPL delayed cell cycle progression during the S and G2/M phases. Cells were harvested after 72 h, fixed, and processed as described in "Materials and Methods." DNA content was measured by flow cytometry after propidium iodide staining. (B) (C) Flow cytometry analysis of cell cycle parameters was performed after double staining for BrdU incorporation (S phase cells) and 7-AAD (DNA content). To measure direct cell cycle distributions in cell cycle phases, exponentially proliferating cells were labeled with 10 μM BrdU for 1 h and processed for 2-color FACS, as described in "Materials and Methods." Values represent the mean ± S.E. from 5 separate experiments. Asterisks (*) indicate a p value less than 0.05 based on Student's t-test.
Tonoike et al. BMC Cell Biology 2011 12:41 doi:10.1186/1471-2121-12-41