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Open Access Research article

Surface expression and limited proteolysis of ADAM10 are increased by a dominant negative inhibitor of dynamin

Robyn M Carey, Jan K Blusztajn and Barbara E Slack*

Author affiliations

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany Street, L808, Boston MA 02118 USA

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Citation and License

BMC Cell Biology 2011, 12:20  doi:10.1186/1471-2121-12-20

Published: 17 May 2011

Abstract

Background

The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is cleaved by β- and γ-secretases to generate toxic amyloid β (Aβ) peptides. Alternatively, α-secretases cleave APP within the Aβ domain, precluding Aβ formation and releasing the soluble ectodomain, sAPPα. We previously showed that inhibition of the GTPase dynamin reduced APP internalization and increased release of sAPPα, apparently by prolonging the interaction between APP and α-secretases at the plasma membrane. This was accompanied by a reduction in Aβ generation. In the present study, we investigated whether surface expression of the α-secretase ADAM (

    a
    d
isintegrin
    a
nd
    m
etalloprotease)10 is also regulated by dynamin-dependent endocytosis.

Results

Transfection of human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells stably expressing M3 muscarinic receptors with a dominant negative dynamin I mutant (dyn I K44A), increased surface expression of both immature, and mature, catalytically active forms of co-expressed ADAM10. Surface levels of ADAM10 were unaffected by activation of protein kinase C (PKC) or M3 receptors, indicating that receptor-coupled shedding of the ADAM substrate APP is unlikely to be mediated by inhibition of ADAM10 endocytosis in this cell line. Dyn I K44A strongly increased the formation of a C-terminal fragment of ADAM10, consistent with earlier reports that the ADAM10 ectodomain is itself a target for sheddases. The abundance of this fragment was increased in the presence of a γ-secretase inhibitor, but was not affected by M3 receptor activation. The dynamin mutant did not affect the distribution of ADAM10 and its C-terminal fragment between raft and non-raft membrane compartments.

Conclusions

Surface expression and limited proteolysis of ADAM10 are regulated by dynamin-dependent endocytosis, but are unaffected by activation of signaling pathways that upregulate shedding of ADAM substrates such as APP. Modulation of ADAM10 internalization could affect cellular behavior in two ways: by altering the putative signaling activity of the ADAM10 C-terminal fragment, and by regulating the biological function of ADAM10 substrates such as APP and N-cadherin.

Keywords:
    a
    d
isintegrin
    a
nd
    m
etalloprotease (ADAM)10; dynamin, amyloid precursor protein (APP); muscarinic receptor; protein kinase C (PKC); endocytosis