Generation and characterization of human insulin-releasing cell lines
- Equal contributors
1 Nucleo de Terapia Celular e Molecular (NUCEL), Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2 "Angel. H. Roffo" Institute of Oncology, Research Area, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
3 Instituto de Química, USP, São Paulo, Brasil
4 Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina, USP, São Paulo Brasil
BMC Cell Biology 2009, 10:49 doi:10.1186/1471-2121-10-49Published: 19 June 2009
The in vitro culture of insulinomas provides an attractive tool to study cell proliferation and insulin synthesis and secretion. However, only a few human beta cell lines have been described, with long-term passage resulting in loss of insulin secretion. Therefore, we set out to establish and characterize human insulin-releasing cell lines.
We generated ex-vivo primary cultures from two independent human insulinomas and from a human nesidioblastosis, all of which were cultured up to passage number 20. All cell lines secreted human insulin and C-peptide. These cell lines expressed neuroendocrine and islets markers, confirming the expression profile found in the biopsies. Although all beta cell lineages survived an anchorage independent culture, none of them were able to invade an extracellular matrix substrate.
We have established three human insulin-releasing cell lines which maintain antigenic characteristics and insulin secretion profiles of the original tumors. These cell lines represent valuable tools for the study of molecular events underlying beta cell function and dysfunction.