Phylogenetic reconstruction of ancestral character states for gene expression and mRNA splicing data
Computational Biology Unit, Bergen Centre for Computational Science, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
BMC Bioinformatics 2005, 6:127 doi:10.1186/1471-2105-6-127Published: 27 May 2005
As genomes evolve after speciation, gene content, coding sequence, gene expression, and splicing all diverge with time from ancestors with close relatives. A minimum evolution general method for continuous character analysis in a phylogenetic perspective is presented that allows for reconstruction of ancestral character states and for measuring along branch evolution.
A software package for reconstruction of continuous character traits, like relative gene expression levels or alternative splice site usage data is presented and is available for download at http://www.rossnes.org/phyrex webcite. This program was applied to a primate gene expression dataset to detect transcription factor binding sites that have undergone substitution, potentially having driven lineage-specific differences in gene expression.
Systematic analysis of lineage-specific evolution is becoming the cornerstone of comparative genomics. New methods, like phyrex, extend the capabilities of comparative genomics by tracing the evolution of additional biomolecular processes.