Resolution:
standard / ## Figure 2.
Errors in estimating ancestral allele frequencies lead to bias in estimating ancestry
fractions (. The plot shows an estimate of the relationship between the true ancestry fraction Q), with many individuals ascribed too much admixtureq_{i}_{1 }(fraction of ancestry attributed to population 1) and the resulting estimate as determined via a nonparametric regression (LOESS) model fitted to the results
from analyses of 100 simulated datasets. Reference individuals are excluded from the
plots and regression analyses. The dotted line y = x is tracked closely by the conditional mean of supervised estimates, suggesting little
bias. However, in panel (a) (simulations with F= .01) the conditional mean of the unsupervised estimates deviates substantially,
exhibiting an upward bias for low _{ST }q_{i}_{1 }and a downward bias for high q_{i}_{1}. The bias is mitigated using simulations with F= .05, as shown in panel (b), or by using a larger number of markers (_{ST }J = 300, 000, not shown).
Alexander and Lange |