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Biana: a software framework for compiling biological interactions and analyzing networks

Javier Garcia-Garcia, Emre Guney, Ramon Aragues, Joan Planas-Iglesias and Baldo Oliva*

Author Affiliations

Structural Bioinformatics Lab. (GRIB). Universitat Pompeu Fabra-IMIM. Barcelona Research Park of Biomedicine (PRBB). 08003-Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

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BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:56  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-11-56

Published: 27 January 2010

Abstract

Background

The analysis and usage of biological data is hindered by the spread of information across multiple repositories and the difficulties posed by different nomenclature systems and storage formats. In particular, there is an important need for data unification in the study and use of protein-protein interactions. Without good integration strategies, it is difficult to analyze the whole set of available data and its properties.

Results

We introduce BIANA (Biologic Interactions and Network Analysis), a tool for biological information integration and network management. BIANA is a Python framework designed to achieve two major goals: i) the integration of multiple sources of biological information, including biological entities and their relationships, and ii) the management of biological information as a network where entities are nodes and relationships are edges. Moreover, BIANA uses properties of proteins and genes to infer latent biomolecular relationships by transferring edges to entities sharing similar properties. BIANA is also provided as a plugin for Cytoscape, which allows users to visualize and interactively manage the data. A web interface to BIANA providing basic functionalities is also available. The software can be downloaded under GNU GPL license from http://sbi.imim.es/web/BIANA.php webcite.

Conclusions

BIANA's approach to data unification solves many of the nomenclature issues common to systems dealing with biological data. BIANA can easily be extended to handle new specific data repositories and new specific data types. The unification protocol allows BIANA to be a flexible tool suitable for different user requirements: non-expert users can use a suggested unification protocol while expert users can define their own specific unification rules.