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World AIDS Day

On December 1st, we have the 30th anniversary of World AIDS Day. The 2017 theme is “Increasing Impact through Transparency, Accountability, and Partnerships”. This theme reflects how to increase our impact to move epidemics from crisis toward control. 

According to the Global AIDS Update 2017 from UNAIDS, there were approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2016 with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected in 2016 or about 5,000 new infections per day globally. HIV infection and AIDS remains one of the world's most significant public health challenges. UNAIDS estimates that $26.2 billion will be needed annually by 2020 to meet global targets to end AIDS as a global public health threat by 2030.

Herein, we would take this opportunity to select ten up-to-date open access articles from BioMed Central journals, which topic areas focus on AIDS/HIV and co-infections, burden of diseases and economic evaluation, development of vaccines, health policy and human rights, etc. The aim is to shed light for researchers, academics and practitioners from around the world to share new evidence and perspectives about HIV/AIDS. We also expect it to promote the improvement of regional and global health and development of health policies.

HIV vaccine development in Canada

In December BMC: HIV vaccine development in Canada2016, the Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative (CHVI) Research and Development Alliance Coordinating Office (ACO) hosted Canadian researchers to discuss past successes and current priorities related to advancing HIV vaccine research in Canada.  

AIDS Research and Therapy has commissioned a special issue devoted to HIV vaccine-related research to showcase how Canadian scientist contribute to the overall goal of developing an effective HIV vaccine. 

HIV vaccine development in Canada

Collection of Articles

Addiction Science & Clinical Practice

Convenience without disclosure: a formative research study of a proposed integrated methadone and antiretroviral therapy service delivery model in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Barriers and facilitators of the HIV care continuum in Southern New England for people Alcoholwith drug or alcohol use and living with HIV/AIDS: perspectives of HIV surveillance experts and service providers

Alcohol consumption patterns and HIV viral suppression among persons receiving HIV care in Florida: an observational study

AIDS Research and Therapy

Determinants to antiretroviral treatment non-adherence among adult HIV/AIDS patients in northern Ethiopia

Development of an anti-HIV vaccine eliciting broadly neutralizing antibodies

Role of sex hormones and the vaginal microbiome in susceptibility and mucosal immunity to HIV-1 in the female genital tract

Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials

Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in HIV/AIDS: when to start antiretroviral therapy?

Archives of Public Health

A comprehensive analysis of trends and determinants of HIV/AIDS knowledge among the Bangladeshi women based on Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys, 2007–2014

Social determinants and risk behaviors associated with prevalent Hepatitis C and HIV/HCV co-infection among male injection drug users in Nepal

A study on HIV, Syphilis, and Hepatitis B and C virus infections among female sex workers in the Republic of Congo

BMC International Health and Human Rights

Transgender women in Malaysia, in the context of HIV and Islam: a qualitative study of stakeholders’ perceptions

BMC Public Health

“But the moment they find out that you are MSM…”: a qualitative investigation of HIV prevention experiences among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Ghana’s health care system

Systematic review: a review of adolescent behavior change interventions [BCI] and their effectiveness in HIV and AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa

Patterns of HIV testing practices among young gay and bisexual men living in Scotland: a qualitative study

Globalization and Health

Getting off on the wrong foot? How community groups in Zimbabwe position themselves for partnerships with external agencies in the HIV response

The experiences of caregivers of children living with HIV and AIDS in Uganda: a qualitative study

The (Mis)appropriation of HIV/AIDS advocacy strategies in Global Mental Health: towards a more nuanced approachDoctors​​​​​​​

Harm Reduction Journal

Opium trade and the spread of HIV in the Golden Crescent

An analysis of respondent-driven sampling with injecting drug users in a high HIV prevalent state of India

Awareness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among women who inject drugs in NYC: the importance of networks and syringe exchange programs for HIV prevention

Health Research Policy and Systems

Underutilisation of routinely collected data in the HIV programme in Zambia: a review of quantitatively analysed peer-reviewed articles

Hepatology, Medicine and Policy

Highlights from the 3rd international HIV/viral hepatitis Co-infection meeting - HIV/viral hepatitis: improving diagnosis, antiviral therapy and access

Human Resources for Health

Job satisfaction and turnover intentions among health care staff providing services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Harmonizing community-based health worker programs for HIV: a narrative review and analytic framework

The potential of task-shifting in scaling up services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a time and motion study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Implementation Science

An exploration of group-based HIV/AIDS treatment and care models in Sub-Saharan Africa using a realist evaluation (Intervention-Context-Actor-Mechanism-Outcome) heuristic tool: a systematic review

HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews

International Journal for Equity in HealthAntibodies

A qualitative study on the intersectional social determinants for indigenous people who become infected with HIV in their youth

Critical race theory as a tool for understanding poor engagement along the HIV care continuum among African American/Black and Hispanic persons living with HIV in the United States: a qualitative exploration

Population Health Metrics

Does alcohol use have a causal effect on HIV incidence and disease progression? A review of the literature and a modeling strategy for quantifying the effect

Multiple cause-of-death data among people with AIDS in Italy: a nationwide cross-sectional study


A mature macrophage is a principal HIV-1 cellular reservoir in humanized mice after treatment with long acting antiretroviral therapy

First Phase I human clinical trial of a killed whole-HIV-1 vaccine: demonstration of its safety and enhancement of anti-HIV antibody responses

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

Sexual behaviors among methadone maintenance patients in a mountainous area in northern Vietnam

A mixed methods study of HIV-related services in buprenorphine treatment

High prevalence of quasi-legal psychoactive substance use among male patients in HIV care in Japan: a cross-sectional study

Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines

Vaccination of HIV-infected pregnant women: implications for protection of their young infants

Are you PEPped and PrEPped for travel? Risk mitigation of HIV infection for travelers

Virology Journal

A mutant Tat protein inhibits infection of human cells by strains from diverse HIV-1 subtypes

Comparison of HCV viral load and its genotype distributions in SyringesHCV mono- and HIV/HCV co-infected illicit drug users

A cheap and open HIV viral load technique applicable in routine analysis in a resource limited setting with a wide HIV genetic diversity