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Surveillance of mosquito vectors in Europe

The recent notifications of autochthonous dengue and chikungunya fever in Europe show that the region is vulnerable to these diseases in areas where efficient vectors, as the invasive mosquitoesAedes aegypti or Ae. albopictus, are present. In addition, West Nile fever cases are becoming more frequent in a number of European countries, and autochthonous malaria has dramatically reappeared in Greece, both pathogens being transmitted by indigenous mosquito species.

Assessing and managing the risk of mosquito-borne diseases first and foremost necessitates collecting data related to the vectors. Thus, surveillance programmes are implemented in order to obtain reliable and updated information on presence, abundance, and bionomics of potential vector species. This is particularly important in areas at risk of introduction or spread of invasive mosquito vectors with a corresponding risk of virus transmission, and considering the context of environmental changes, such as land use and weather conditions, which might boost vector populations and virus amplification. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) produces guidelines for the surveillance of mosquito vectors in Europe in order to support the implementation of surveillance of mosquitoes of public health relevance and further harmonize surveillance procedures within Europe. In a first step, these guidelines address the surveillance of invasive mosquito species, such as Ae. albopictus, Ae. aegypti, Ae. atropalpus, Ae. japonicus, Ae. koreicus and Ae. triseriatus. As a second step, ECDC intends to provide guidelines for indigenous mosquito vectors of human diseases. In this series of papers we aim at disseminating the current guidelines for the surveillance of mosquito vectors as well as in-depth scientific discussion of the main issues related to mosquito surveillance or monitoring. In addition, scientists and field users are encouraged to share their experience related to the implementation and outcome of these guidelines.

Edited by: Dr Laurence Marrama, Dr Francis Schaffner

Collection published: 18 July 2013

View all collections published in Parasites & Vectors

  1. Research

    Current status of invasive mosquito surveillance in the UK

    Non-native invasive mosquitoes have for many years made incursions into Europe, and are now established in many European countries. The continued European importation of potential vectors and their expansion w...

    Alexander G. C. Vaux and Jolyon M. Medlock

    Parasites & Vectors 2015 8:351

    Published on: 30 June 2015

  2. Research

    Approaches to passive mosquito surveillance in the EU

    The recent emergence in Europe of invasive mosquitoes and mosquito-borne disease associated with both invasive and native mosquito species has prompted intensified mosquito vector research in most European cou...

    Helge Kampen, Jolyon M Medlock, Alexander GC Vaux, Constantianus JM Koenraadt, Arnold JH van Vliet, Frederic Bartumeus, Aitana Oltra, Carla A Sousa, Sébastien Chouin and Doreen Werner

    Parasites & Vectors 2015 8:9

    Published on: 8 January 2015

  3. Research

    Rapid protein profiling facilitates surveillance of invasive mosquito species

    Invasive aedine mosquito species have become a major issue in many parts of the world as most of them are recognised vectors or potentially involved in transmission of pathogens. Surveillance of these mosquito...

    Francis Schaffner, Christian Kaufmann, Valentin Pflüger and Alexander Mathis

    Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:142

    Published on: 31 March 2014

  4. Research

    Development of guidelines for the surveillance of invasive mosquitoes in Europe

    The recent notifications of autochthonous cases of dengue and chikungunya in Europe prove that the region is vulnerable to these diseases in areas where known mosquito vectors (Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti)...

    Francis Schaffner, Romeo Bellini, Dušan Petrić, Ernst-Jan Scholte, Hervé Zeller and Laurence Marrama Rakotoarivony

    Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:209

    Published on: 18 July 2013

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