10. Which funding agencies explicitly allow direct use of their grants to cover article-processing charges?

Many funding agencies allow the use of grants for this purpose and an increasing number, such as the Wellcome Trust, Research Council UK, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the US National Institutes for Health, strongly encourage open access publication. The following is a list of funding agencies we know of that have confirmed that they allow the payment of article-processing charges:

For more detailed information, see BioMed Central's summary table of biomedical funder policies on open access.

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