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Public Health Open Access Research

Welcome to our Public Health page where we showcase journal news, collections, highlights and recent campaigns from our open access journals, as selected by our Editors. 

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Public Health Quiz 2019Think you’re up-to-date with the latest public health facts, figures, and recommendations?

Test your knowledge and join us in raising public health awareness for populations everywhere, in support of National Public Health Week in America, April 1-7, and European Public Health Week, May 13-17.

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European Public Health Week – May 13-17, 2019

European Public Health Week – May 13-17, 2019 © The European Public Health Association
We are proud to be supporting the first ever European Public Health Week led by the European Public Health Association, whose annual meeting is attended each year by BMC. 


Help us celebrate healthy populations by exploring our highly influential research relevant to the public health themes of each day, specially selected by our Editors.


Share our research by using the hashtag #EUPHW

Becoming, being and remaining physically active

Becoming, being and remaining physically activeArchives of Public Health

Test-retest reliability of adolescents’ self-reported physical activity item in two consecutive surveys
This study evaluates the test-retest reliability of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity in two consecutive surveys.

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BMC Medicine

The effect of a lifestyle intervention in obese pregnant women on gestational metabolic profiles: findings from the UK Pregnancies Better Eating and Activity Trial (UPBEAT) randomised controlled trial
This randomized control trial investigates the effect of lifestyle intervention in obese pregnant women.​​​​​​​

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BMC Public Health

Physically active academic lessons: acceptance, barriers and facilitators for implementation
This paper evaluates the response to the physically active lessons introduced in the Active School programme in Stavanger, Norway.

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European Review of Aging and Physical Activity

Daily sedentary time and physical activity as assessed by accelerometry and their correlates in older adults
The study objectively measured physical activity patterns and assessed its correlates in the elderly.

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Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Physical activity, cardiovascular health, quality of life and blood pressure control in hypertensive subjects: randomized clinical trial
This article evaluates the effectiveness of a PA intervention programme on cardiovascular disease risk, HRQoL and BP control in hypertensive subjects.

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Health Research Policy and Systems

How can the impact of national recommendations for physical activity be increased? Experiences from Germany
National recommendations for physical activity  are available in many nations. Yet, their impact on national level policy-making might be considered modest at best. This paper analyses the approach selected to curtail this problem in Germany.

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International Journal for Equity in Health

Adjusting a mainstream weight management intervention for people with intellectual disabilities: a user centred approach
This study identifies adjustments to the Slimming World weight management programme in order to improve accessibility and assess acceptability and feasibility for people with intellectual disabilitie.

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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Daily domain-specific time-use composition of physical behaviors and blood pressure
The research aims to disentangle the relationship between technically measured 24-h time-use behaviors in work and leisure domains and blood pressure among blue-collar workers using a compositional data analysis approach.

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Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a loyalty scheme for physical activity behaviour change maintenance: results from a cluster randomised controlled trial
A research to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a loyalty scheme based intervention involving rewards for increasing physical activity in public sector employees.

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Longitudinal analysis of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and anthropometric measures from ages 6 to 11 years
The study examined the effect of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour on body mass index and fat mass index in children over the course of five years.

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Healthy environments

Health environmentsBMC Medicine

Built environmental characteristics and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study systematically reviews and meta-analyzes evidence on the association between built environmental characteristics related to lifestyle behavior and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk/prevalence, worldwide.

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BMC Public Health

Cost-effectiveness of a complex intervention to reduce children’s exposure to second-hand smoke in the home
This paper investigates the cost-effectiveness of a complex intervention designed to reduce second-hand smoke exposure.

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Environmental Health

Impact of extreme weather events and climate change for health and social care systems
This review assesses the research on the impacts on health and social care systems in the United Kingdom of extreme weather events, under conditions of climate change.

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The effect of industry-related air pollution on lung function and respiratory symptoms in school children
This paper investigates the associations of long-term air pollution from heavy industry with lung function and respiratory symptoms in school children.

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International Journal for Equity in Health

Examining intersectional inequalities in access to health (enabling) resources in disadvantaged communities in Scotland: advancing the participatory paradigm
This paper presents findings from participatory action research that aimed to deepen understanding of how multiple disadvantages (and structures of oppression) interact to produce difference in access to resources affecting well-being in disadvantaged communities in Edinburgh.

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International Journal of Health Geographics

Domestic gardens and self-reported health: a national population study
This is the first national population study in the UK to explore the relationship between domestic garden size and health.

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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

Diagnosis, monitoring and prevention of exposure-related non-communicable diseases in the living and working environment: DiMoPEx-project is designed to determine the impacts of environmental exposure on human health
This review assesses the current status and future needs of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology's (COST) action on Diagnosis, Monitoring and Prevention of Exposure-Related Noncommunicable Diseases (DiMoPEx).

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Mutagenic and DNA repair activity in traffic policemen: a case-crossover study
This study on traffic policemen shows that occupational exposure to pollutants from traffic emission may lead to DNA repair and mutagenic activity.

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Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Ambient air pollution and thrombosis
This review provides an overview of the current literature on air pollution, with a specific focus on its contribution of haemostasis and thrombosis towards cardiovascular disease induced by exposure to both particulate and gaseous pollutants.

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Cardiovascular and inflammatory mechanisms in healthy humans exposed to air pollution in the vicinity of a steel mill
This study identifies mechanistic changes relevant to cardiovascular and inflammatory pathways in healthy adults who inhaled ambient air in the vicinity of a steel mill.

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Care 4 care

Care 4 CareArchives of Public Health

Headline indicators for monitoring the performance of health systems: findings from the european Health Systems_Indicator (euHS_I) survey
This article proposes a set of headline indicators to frame and describe health system performance.

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BMC Public Health

Collaborative emergency preparedness and response to cross-institutional outbreaks of multidrug-resistant organisms: a scenario-based approach in two regions of the Netherlands
This paper investigates the regional response to outbreaks of multidrug-resistant organisms in two Dutch regions.

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Globalization and Health

What qualities are required for globally-relevant health service managers? An exploratory analysis of health systems internationally
This study provides an exploratory analysis of the most relevant qualities perceived to facilitate health service managers to be effective when working in roles that operate beyond a country-specific level.

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Health Research Policy and Systems

A call for action to establish a research agenda for building a future health workforce in Europe
This article highlights critical knowledge gaps that currently hamper the opportunities of effectively responding to the challenges of a sustainable health workforce and advising policy-makers in different health systems.

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Human Resources for Health

What do we know about community-based health worker programs? A systematic review of existing reviews on community health workers
This paper summarizes the current understanding of how community-based health worker programs can best be designed and operated in health systems.

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Implementation Science

A process evaluation of how the routine vaccination programme is implemented at GP practices in England
This is the first study to evaluate how GP practices organize the delivery of the routine vaccine programme in England.

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International Journal for Equity in Health

Contracting non-state providers for universal health coverage: learnings from Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe
The series of country studies reviewed in this paper examine the role of NSPs in strengthening health systems towards the achievement of universal health coverage.

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Using concept mapping to identify policy options and interventions towards people-centred health care services: a multi stakeholders perspective
The generated framework in this research can assist in defining indicators to measure the level of people-centred care in health policy, health services, pre and postgraduate formation of the health workforce and in the community.

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Public Health Reviews

Developing the public health workforce: training and recognizing specialists in public health from backgrounds other than medicine: experience in the UK
This paper describes the current situation in the UK where there are nationally funded multidisciplinary programmes for training senior public health specialists.

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Is blended learning and problem-based learning course design suited to develop future public health leaders? An explorative European study
This study investigates the utility of problem-based learning in developing leadership competencies among public health professionals in an international and interdisciplinary context.

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Sustainable and healthy diets

Sustainable and healthy dietsArchives of Public Health

Habitual food consumption of the Belgian population in 2014-2015 and adherence to food-based dietary guidelines
This paper investigates food consumption in the Belgian population and compares it to the food-based dietary guidelines.

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BMC Public Health

Effect of diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat in postmenopausal women – a randomised trial
This randomized controlled trial investigates the effect of equivalent weight loss with or without exercise on (intra-) abdominal fat in postmenopausal women.

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Environmental Health

Human health implications of organic food and organic agriculture: a comprehensive review
This review compares organic vs. conventional food production with respect to parameters important to human health and discusses the potential impact of organic management practices with an emphasis on EU conditions.

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Globalization and Health

Economic globalization, nutrition and health: a review of quantitative evidence
This paper discusses the links between economic globalization processes and nutritional outcomes.

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The effect of sugar and processed food imports on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 172 countries
This article examines the relationship between sugar and processed foods imports, globalization, and average BMI.

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International Journal for Equity in Health

Does cultural capital contribute to educational inequalities in food consumption in the Netherlands? A cross-sectional analysis of the GLOBE-2011 survey
This is the first study to investigate the contributions of cultural, social and economic capital to educational inequalities in food consumption among adults.

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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Food banking and emergency food aid: expanding the definition of local food environments and systems
A commentary article on food environment and systems, with a focus on the intervention and policy targeting the disadvantaged population.

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Nutrition Journal

A multilevel, multicomponent childhood obesity prevention group-randomized controlled trial improves healthier food purchasing and reduces sweet-snack consumption among low-income African-American youth
A research that employs multi-level interventions (to modify food environment) in order to increase low sugar food choices among youth.

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Public Health Reviews

Integrated mixed methods policy analysis for sustainable food systems: trends, challenges and future research
This article outlines methodological trends in the field of food policy and identifies contributions, challenges and opportunities for future research.

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Sustainable Earth

To be or not to be for humankind - organic diets revisited for a sustainable development
In this comment, the authors argue that the growth of the organic food chain is already contributing to the goal of improving public health in global terms as well as to the goal of reducing the environmental impact of agricultural production and food processing.​​​​​​​

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Youth mental health

Youth mental healthArchives of Public Health

The mental health of unemployed Brussels youth: the role of social and material resources
This article investigates the evolution of the mental health gap between employed and unemployed youth and examines the importance of material and social resources for the mental health of unemployed youth.

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BMC Health Services Research

Services according to mental health needs for youth in foster care? – A multi-informant study
This article examines whether youth in foster care receive mental health services according to need.

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BMC Public Health

An experimental study exploring the impact of vignette gender on the quality of university students’ mental health first aid for peers with symptoms of depression
This study explores students’ ability to provide effective support for their peers with depressive symptoms and the factors influencing the quality of their mental health first aid (MHFA) skills.

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Is screen time associated with anxiety or depression in young people? Results from a UK birth cohort
This paper examines the associations between screen time measured at 16 years and anxiety and depression at 18.

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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Mental health and associated stress factors in accompanied and unaccompanied refugee minors resettled in Germany: a cross-sectional study
This paper investigates the rates of traumatic experiences and the levels of psychological distress in unaccompanied refugee minors that have resettled in Germany.

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Overview of European forensic youth care: towards an integrative mission for prevention and intervention strategies for juvenile offenders
This paper highlights the importance of international collaboration to improve forensic youth care.

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Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Psychometric properties and norm scores of the sleep self report in Dutch children
This study evaluates the psychometric properties of the Sleep Self Report in a Dutch population.

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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

Accessibility and factors associated with utilization of mental health services in youth health centers. A qualitative comparative analysis in northern Sweden
This study analyses the various conditions that are sufficient and/or necessary to make Swedish youth health centers accessible for mental and psychosocial health.

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Public Health Reviews

Screening for risky behaviour and mental health in young people: the YouthCHAT programme
This article outlines the development, utilisation and ongoing evaluation and implementation strategies for YouthCHAT, a rapid, electronic, self-report screening tool that assesses risky health-related behaviours and mental health concerns.

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Sleep Science and Practice

Sleep problems in excessive technology use among adolescent: a systemic review and meta-analysis
This paper discusses the association between excessive technology use and poor sleep outcomes in adolescents.

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National Public Health Week – April 1-7, 2019

Led by the American Public Health Association whose annual meeting on 'Creating the healthiest nation' is attended each year by BMC, National Public Health Week in America seeks to educate the public, policymakers and practitioners about issues important to improving the nation's health.

National Public Health Week

Below is a collection of recently published articles chosen by our Editors related to the themes chosen this year.

Healthy communitiesDay 1: Healthy communities © © udra11 / Fotolia

Archives of Public Health

Associations between environmental quality and infant mortality in the United States, 2000–2005

BMC Public Health

Enhancing safe routes to school programs through community-engaged citizen science: two pilot investigations in lower density areas of Santa Clara County, California, USA

Environmental Health

Environmental justice and drinking water quality: are there socioeconomic disparities in nitrate levels in U.S. drinking water?

Violence preventionDay 2: Violence prevention © (c) Fotolia/wellphoto

BMC International Health and Human Rights

Supporting ALL victims of violence, abuse, neglect or exploitation: guidance for health providers

Health & Justice

Mental and physical health in prison: how co-occurring conditions influence inmate misconduct

Injury Epidemiology

Workplace homicides committed by firearm: recent trends and narrative text analysis

Rural healthDay 3: Rural health © © csourav / Fotolia

BMC Infectious Diseases

Impact of demographic disparities in social distancing and vaccination on influenza epidemics in urban and rural regions of the United States

Environmental Health

Hospitalizations for heat-stress illness varies between rural and urban areas: an analysis of Illinois data, 1987–2014

International Journal for Equity in Health

Community involvement in design, implementation and evaluation of nutrition interventions to reduce chronic diseases in indigenous populations in the U.S.: a systematic review

Day 4: Technology and public health © © alexey_boldin / stock.adobe.comTechnology and public health

Implementation Science

A randomized trial of decision support for tobacco dependence treatment in an inpatient electronic medical record: clinical results

International Journal of Health Geographics

A systematic review of spatial decision support systems in public health informatics supporting the identification of high risk areas for zoonotic disease outbreaks

Israel Journal of Health Policy Research

Towards a 21st century health care system: advancing the case for telecar

Climate changeDay 5: Climate change © © CreativeNature_nl / Getty Images / iStock

BMC Public Health

Developing effective communication materials on the health effects of climate change for vulnerable groups: a mixed methods study

Environmental Health

Heat/mortality sensitivities in Los Angeles during winter: a unique phenomenon in the United States

Israel Journal of Health Policy Research

Improving public health by tackling climate change

Day 6 and 7: Global healthGlobal health

BMC Medicine

Disaggregating catastrophic health expenditure by disease area: cross-country estimates based on the World Health Surveys


Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation

Introduction: priority setting in global health

Globalization and Health

Managing emerging transnational public health security threats: lessons learned from the 2014 West African Ebola outbreak

World Health Day 2019 - Universal health coverage

#HealthForAll © World Health OrganizationExplore a curated selection of articles chosen
by our Editors relevant to World Health Day,
April 7, focusing on primary health care and
equity in health relevant to this year's theme
of universal health coverage. 


Explore World Health Day at BMC

Collections

Calling for papers: Public mental health

This collection looks to approach mental health from a global, public, and interdisciplinary perspective. It aims to understand how political, social, and cultural factors co-determine mental health or illness, and to inform effective action to promote mental health.

Submit to our new article collection from Archives of Public Health

Calling for papers: Maternal and child health in the sustainable development goal era

This collection aims to inform further action to address the issues of maternal and neonatal mortality in the SDG era. We invite manuscripts which will help to shed light on the major persisting challenges, the under examined areas of maternal and child health, and cross-cutting or underlying issues related to gender, inequality, and health systems which must be addressed in order for progress to continue and, ideally, accelerate.

Submit to our article collection from Public Health Reviews

Trade and health

Interest in the health implications and impact of liberalized trade and investment agreements has grown significantly since creation of the World Trade Organization in 1995, and the later proliferation of regional and bilateral agreements. This special series in Globalization and Health includes articles that span a range of health and trade issues, examining empirically and theoretically how our new regimes of economic liberalization create some benefit, but portend new risks, for global public health. 

Read articles in this collection from Globalization and Health