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Wildlife Diseases

Here we present a collection of articles published in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica advancing our knowledge of wildlife research, ranging from diseases in reindeer to mountain goats to gulls to otters to moles. A real strength of the journal is our strong expertise in Artic and Scandinavian wild animals.


We bring together articles covering some of the following topics:New Content Item

·  New knowledge on wild boars, such as seroprevalence studies on Brucella, Salmonella, Yersinia, Toxoplasma gondii and research on the population dynamics and puberty of the wild boar.

·  Reviews on the overall health of Artic wildlife  and on Artic rabies.

·  Investigations into the decline of seabird and brown hare populations.

·  Reports on the detection of viruses such as the isolation of an avian influenza virus in Norway for the first time, and the second case in Finland of European bat lyssavirus type2 in a Daubenton’s bat.

·  New Content ItemPapers highlighting concerns for zoonotic pathogen transmission, including insights into the significance of red foxes in the epidemiology of leptospirosis.

·  Characterisation of the gastrointestinal parasites in wild red deer

·  Surveys on Aleutian mink disease virus in Canada


We invite you to contribute to this collection by submitting original research or reviews on topics relating to wildlife diseases. To submit your manuscript, please use our online submission system, and indicate in your cover letter that you would like the manuscript to be considered for this article collection.

For more information on how to submit your article to Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, please see our submission guidelines.


  1. Biofilm production is a well-known causative factor of catheter- and medical device-related sepsis. Its high prevalence in coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) has recently been reported. Information on bio...

    Authors: Sangjun Lee, Jehwi Hwang, Jongwoon Kim, Joonyeop Lee, Hong-Cheul Kim, Haerin Rhim and Jae-Ik Han

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2019 61:50

    Content type: Brief communication

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  2. Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite of worldwide importance. In this study, we estimated T. gondii seroprevalence in extensively farmed wild boars in Denmark, where little is known about T. gondii in animal ...

    Authors: Celine Kaae Laforet, Gunita Deksne, Heidi Huus Petersen, Pikka Jokelainen, Maria Vang Johansen and Brian Lassen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2019 61:4

    Content type: Brief communication

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  3. The swine-adapted serovar Choleraesuis of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica is found rarely in domestic pigs in Germany. However, a considerable and increasing number of S. Choleraesuis organisms have been ...

    Authors: Ulrich Methner, Sabine Merbach and Martin Peters

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2018 60:65

    Content type: Research

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  4. Vultures have adapted the remarkable ability to feed on carcasses that may contain microorganisms that would be pathogenic to most other animals. The holobiont concept suggests that the genetic basis of such a...

    Authors: Marie Lisandra Zepeda Mendoza, Michael Roggenbuck, Karla Manzano Vargas, Lars Hestbjerg Hansen, Søren Brunak, M. Thomas P. Gilbert and Thomas Sicheritz-Pontén

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2018 60:61

    Content type: Research

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  5. Leptospira spp. infect humans and a wide range of domestic and wild animals, but certain species such as small rodents and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) play a particular role as reservoirs and transmission of leptos...

    Authors: Jacek Żmudzki, Zbigniew Arent, Artur Jabłoński, Agnieszka Nowak, Sylwia Zębek, Agnieszka Stolarek, Łukasz Bocian, Adam Brzana and Zygmunt Pejsak

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2018 60:34

    Content type: Research

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  6. Tularemia is a zoonosis caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. It has a wide host range, which includes mammals, birds and invertebrates. F. tularensis has often been isolated from various species of sma...

    Authors: Gete Hestvik, Henrik Uhlhorn, Roland Mattsson, Eva Westergren, Fredrik Södersten, Sara Åkerström and Dolores Gavier-Widén

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2018 60:26

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Brucellosis due to Brucella suis biovar 2 is one of the most important endemic diseases in wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations in Europe. The aim of the present study was to determine the seroprevalence of brucell...

    Authors: Lelde Grantina-Ievina, Jelena Avsejenko, Svetlana Cvetkova, Dita Krastina, Madara Streikisa, Zanete Steingolde, Indra Vevere and Ieva Rodze

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2018 60:19

    Content type: Brief communication

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  8. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of the major causes of acute viral hepatitis worldwide. In Europe, food-borne zoonotic transmission of HEV genotype 3 has been associated with domestic pigs and wild boar. Contro...

    Authors: Ugne Spancerniene, Juozas Grigas, Jurate Buitkuviene, Judita Zymantiene, Vida Juozaitiene, Milda Stankeviciute, Dainius Razukevicius, Dainius Zienius and Arunas Stankevicius

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2018 60:13

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2019 61:9

  9. The zoonotic Orf virus (ORFV; genus Parapoxvirus, Poxviridae family) occurs worldwide and is transmitted between sheep and goats, wildlife and man. Archived tissue samples from 16 Alaskan wildlife cases, represen...

    Authors: Morten Tryland, Kimberlee Beth Beckmen, Kathleen Ann Burek-Huntington, Eva Marie Breines and Joern Klein

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2018 60:12

    Content type: Research

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  10. Exposure to long-range transported industrial chemicals, climate change and diseases is posing a risk to the overall health and populations of Arctic wildlife. Since local communities are relying on the same m...

    Authors: Christian Sonne, Robert James Letcher, Bjørn Munro Jenssen, Jean-Pierre Desforges, Igor Eulaers, Emilie Andersen-Ranberg, Kim Gustavson, Bjarne Styrishave and Rune Dietz

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:84

    Content type: Review

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  11. The intention to increase roach (Rutilus rutilus) consumption is in focus for ecological and economic reasons in Finland. However, its safety as food has not been considered comprehensively. We collected and arti...

    Authors: Anu Näreaho, Anna Maria Eriksson-Kallio, Petra Heikkinen, Anna Snellman, Antti Sukura and Perttu Koski

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:75

    Content type: Brief communication

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  12. Infectious skin disorders are not uncommon in mink. Such disorders are important as they have a negative impact on animal health and welfare as well as on the quality and value of the fur. This study presents ...

    Authors: Bettina Nonnemann, Mariann Chriél, Gitte Larsen, Mette Sif Hansen, Elisabeth Holm and Karl Pedersen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:74

    Content type: Research

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  13. European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2) was detected in Finland in a Daubenton’s bat (Myotis daubentonii) found in the municipality of Inkoo (60°02′45″N, 024°00′20″E). The bat showed neurological signs and was la...

    Authors: Tiina Nokireki, Tarja Sironen, Teemu Smura, Veera Karkamo, Liisa Sihvonen and Tuija Gadd

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:62

    Content type: Brief communication

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  14. The number and spatial distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa) has increased remarkably in Sweden as well as in other European countries. To understand the population dynamics of the wild boar, knowledge of its r...

    Authors: Anna Malmsten, Gunnar Jansson, Nils Lundeheim and Anne-Marie Dalin

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:52

    Content type: Research

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  15. Scanning techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are useful tools in veterinary and human medicine. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of these techniques in the study ...

    Authors: Aage Kristian Olsen Alstrup, Ole Lajord Munk, Trine Hammer Jensen, Lasse Fast Jensen, Abdi Hedayat and Brian Hansen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:38

    Content type: Research

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  16. Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is a transmissible disease in semi-domesticated Eurasian reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus). It is regarded as multifactorial and a single causative pathogen has not yet b...

    Authors: Morten Tryland, Javier Sánchez Romano, Nina Marcin, Ingebjørg Helena Nymo, Terje Domaas Josefsen, Karen Kristine Sørensen and Torill Mørk

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:23

    Content type: Research

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  17. Rabies is a disease of global significance including in the circumpolar Arctic. In Alaska enzootic rabies persist in northern and western coastal areas. Only sporadic cases have occurred in areas outside of th...

    Authors: Falk Huettmann, Emily Elizabeth Magnuson and Karsten Hueffer

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:18

    Content type: Research

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  18. Mycobacterium spp. and Rhodococcus equi are generally regarded as the main causes of lymphadenitis in pigs and wild boars. In Poland, mycobacterial submandibular lymphadenitis was first d...

    Authors: Lucjan Witkowski, Blanka Orłowska, Magdalena Rzewuska, Michał Czopowicz, Mirosław Welz, Krzysztof Anusz and Jerzy Kita

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2017 59:9

    Content type: Brief communication

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  19. Since the re-appearance of wild boars in Sweden in the 1970s, the population has increased. Besides having large litter sizes, puberty at an early age is considered as an important factor contributing to the h...

    Authors: Anna Malmsten and Anne-Marie Dalin

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2016 58:55

    Content type: Research

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  20. Coxiella burnetii is a zoonotic bacterium that infects a wide range of animal species and causes the disease Q fever. Both wild and domestic ruminants may be relevant in the epidemiolo...

    Authors: Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Óscar Cabezón, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Santiago Lavín and Jorge Ramón López-Olvera

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2016 58:26

    Content type: Brief communication

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  21. Yersiniosis is a zoonosis widely distributed in Europe and swine carry different serotypes of Yersinia enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Y. enteroc...

    Authors: Maialen Arrausi-Subiza, Xeider Gerrikagoitia, Vega Alvarez, Jose Carlos Ibabe and Marta Barral

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2016 58:4

    Content type: Research

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  22. Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), a group of enzymes conferring resistance to third generation cephalosporins have rapidly increased in Enterobacteriacae and pose a major challenge to human health care. Res...

    Authors: Johan Stedt, Jonas Bonnedahl, Jorge Hernandez, Jonas Waldenström, Barry J. McMahon, Conny Tolf, Björn Olsen and Mirva Drobni

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2015 57:74

    Content type: Research

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  23. A sudden decline of the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) population in one of the best hunting districts for small game species in northern Germany, the German North-Sea island Pellworm, in the years 2007/08...

    Authors: Annika Posautz, Igor Loncaric, Marie Lundin, Daniel Hoffmann, Antonio Lavazza, Zsofia Kelemen, Christoph Beiglböck, Christian Walzer and Anna Kübber-Heiss

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2015 57:43

    Content type: Research

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  24. Although the prevalence of human Toxoplasma gondii infections is high in Estonia, no information is available on the prevalence of infections in the local animal populations. Wild boars are a good indicator speci...

    Authors: Pikka Jokelainen, Kaisa Velström and Brian Lassen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2015 57:42

    Content type: Research

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  25. In 2010, an Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica hispanica) stock reservoir was established for conservation purposes in north-eastern Spain. Eighteen ibexes were captured in the wild and housed in a 17 hectare enclosur...

    Authors: Andreu Colom-Cadena, Roser Velarde, Jesús Salinas, Carmen Borge, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Emmanuel Serrano, Diana Gassó, Ester Bach, Encarna Casas-Díaz, Jorge R López-Olvera, Santiago Lavín, Luís León-Vizcaíno and Gregorio Mentaberre

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2014 56:83

    Content type: Research

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  26. Thirteen red deer (Cervus elaphus), culled from the isolated population at the Mongstad Oil Refinery, Norway, were investigated for gastrointestinal helminths. These animals, enclosed by the refinery fence, do no...

    Authors: Rebecca K Davidson, Susan J Kutz, Knut Madslien, Eric Hoberg and Kjell Handeland

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2014 56:59

    Content type: Research

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  27. The prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in common moles, Talpa europaea, was investigated in order to determine whether moles can serve as an indicator species for T. gondii infections in livestock.

    Authors: Inge M Krijger, Jan BWJ Cornelissen, Henk J Wisselink and Bastiaan G Meerburg

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2014 56:48

    Content type: Brief communication

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  28. Systematic pathological investigations to assess the health status of seabirds and coastal birds in Germany were performed. The investigation was conducted to obtain data on possible causes of decline in seabi...

    Authors: Ursula Siebert, Philipp Schwemmer, Nils Guse, Timm Harder, Stefan Garthe, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff and Peter Wohlsein

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2012 54:43

    Content type: Research

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  29. Serological surveys for disease investigation of wild animal populations require obtaining blood samples for analysis, which has logistic, ethic and economic difficulties. Applying serological test to fluids c...

    Authors: Eva-Britt Jakubek, Roland Mattsson, Torsten Mörner, Jens G Mattsson and Dolores Gavier-Widén

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2012 54:13

    Content type: Brief communication

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  30. A total of 119 fresh faecal samples were collected from graylag geese migrating northwards in April. Also, cloacal swabs were taken from 100 carcasses of graylag geese shot during the hunting season in August....

    Authors: A Lillehaug, C Monceyron Jonassen, B Bergsjø, M Hofshagen, J Tharaldsen, LL Nesse and K Handeland

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2005 46:193

    Content type: Original article

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  31. Faecal samples were collected, as part of the National Health Surveillance Program for Cervids (HOP) in Norway, from wild red deer, roe deer, moose and reindeer during ordinary hunting seasons from 2001 to 200...

    Authors: A. Lillehaug, B. Bergsjø, J. Schau, T. Bruheim, T. Vikøren and K. Handeland

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2005 46:23

    Content type: Original article

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  32. Rabies seems to persist throughout most arctic regions, and the northern parts of Norway, Sweden and Finland, is the only part of the Arctic where rabies has not been diagnosed in recent time. The arctic fox i...

    Authors: Torill Mørk and Pål Prestrud

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2004 45:1

    Content type: Original article

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