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Ultrasound and anesthesia

Guest Editors:
Daniele Guerino Biasucci, MD, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Italy
Alessandro De Cassai, MD, University of Padova, Italy
Spadaro Savino, MD, University of Ferrara, Italy
Luigi Vetrugno, MD, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy



BMC Anesthesiology presents a collection on “Ultrasound and anesthesia” to highlight research, perspectives, and best practices related to the use of ultrasound in anesthesia. By performing a Focused Cardiovascular Ultrasound exam before administering anesthesia in intermediate or high-risk patients, anesthesiologists can make informed decisions regarding anesthesia strategy, fluid management, ventilatory settings, and drug use. However, despite the potential benefits of this approach, there is still a lack of research on the topic. Therefore, the need for further investigation into the use of ultrasound in anesthesiology to improve patient outcomes is of paramount importance.

Meet the Guest Editors

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Daniele Guerino Biasucci: Tor Vergata University of Rome, Italy

Dr Daniele Guerino Biasucci completed his medical degree and residency in Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Intensive Care Medicine at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. He has been appointed as Assistant Professor in Intensive Care Medicine and Anesthesiology at the ‘Tor Vergata’ University in Rome, Italy, and he has also obtained Italian National Qualification as Associate Professor. He has research interests in ultrasound in critical care and emergency medicine, acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, pediatric critical care, neurocritical care, and cerebral microcirculation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. As a member of the taskforce of the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) for PERSEUS guidelines, Dr Biasucci is one of the main authors of ESA guidelines on ultrasound guidance for vascular access. 

Alessandro De Cassai: University Hospital of Padova, Italy

Dr Alessandro De Cassai is a medical doctor working as an anesthesiologist at the University Hospital of Padova. His research interests encompass regional anesthesia, critical care, gender parity, and scientometrics. With more than a decade of experience in the medical field, he has published numerous articles and presented his work at various both national and international conferences. Dr De Cassai is also an active member of the medical community, serving as the section head of the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Reanimation, and Intensive Care. Additionally, he has editorial roles at two renowned medical journals – Editorial Board Member of BMC Anesthesiology and Associate Editor of Journal of Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Critical Care – where he contributes to ensuring the scientific rigor and relevance of published articles.

Spadaro Savino: University of Ferrara, Italy 
         
Dr Spadaro Savino is an associate professor at University of Ferrara and consultant intensivist and anesthesiologist for the Azienda Ospedaliera- Universitaria di Ferrara. His main interests of research are focused on advanced respiratory monitoring, lung pathophysiology and imaging. His work is mainly focused on the identification of personalized approach in the ventilation management in operating room and intensive care unit. Dr Savino is Senior Editorial Board Member of BMC Anesthesiology and BMC Pulmonary Medicine and Associate Editor of Journal of Medical Case Report.

Luigi Vetrugno: University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy

Dr Luigi Vetrungo is an Associate Professor at the Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy and Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care Medicine and Emergency, SS. Annunziata Hospital, Italy. Between 2002 - 2009, he was on the sub-specialty staff for cardiothoracic critical care and anesthesia, which provided clinical services for a broad range of cardiothoracic surgery, cardiac transplantation and mechanical assist device management. Following that, Dr Vetrungo was on the sub-specialty staff for Liver Transplantation and Posttransplant Unit in until 2021. He is the Scientific Director of the Lung and Cardiac Ultrasound Certified Course for the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia Resuscitation and Intensive Care since 2016. His clinical work is focused on general Intensive Care and Anesthesia.


About the collection

By performing a FoCUS exam before administering anesthesia in intermediate or high-risk patients, anesthesiologists can make informed decisions regarding anesthesia strategy, fluid management, ventilatory settings, and drug use. However, despite the potential benefits of this approach, there is still a lack of research on the topic. Therefore, the need for further investigation into the use of ultrasound in anesthesiology to improve patient outcomes is of paramount importance.

To facilitate the sharing of knowledge and new insights related to ultrasound in anesthesiology, we present a BMC Anesthesiology collection titled "Ultrasound and Anesthesia". This collection aimed to gather and disseminate research, perspectives, and best practices related to the use of ultrasound in anesthesia. By bringing together experts in the field, the collection seeks to promote a deeper understanding of the role of ultrasound in anesthesiology and its potential to improve patient care.

Collection contributions comprise all aspects of this developing field, including, but not limited to:

  • Ultrasound performed by anesthesiologists for pre-operative evaluation;
  • Ultrasound in the post-operative ICU;
  • Ultrasound performed by anesthesiologists in all surgical emergencies;
  • Ultrasound for morphological and physiological assessment of the critical patients.

For more information you can email to the Editor of BMC Anesthesiology at guangde.tu@biomedcentral.com.


Image credit: H_Ko / stock.adobe.com

  1. Failure to adhere to perioperative fasting requirements increases aspiration risk and can lead to delay or cancellation of surgery. Point of care gastric ultrasound may guide decision-making to delay, cancel o...

    Authors: Marc D. Mecoli, Kirti Sahu, Joseph W. McSoley, Lori A. Aronson and Suryakumar Narayanasamy
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2024 24:237
  2. There is a high incidence of pulmonary atelectasis during paediatric laparoscopic surgeries. The authors hypothesised that utilising a recruitment manoeuvre or using continuous positive airway pressure may pre...

    Authors: Aditi Jain, Neerja Bhardwaj, Sandhya Yaddanapudi, Indu Mohini Sen and Preethy Mathew
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2024 24:211
  3. Modern perioperative guidelines encourage drinking oral carbohydrates 2 h before management. Nevertheless, research on the safety of preoperative carbohydrate drinks, particularly in extremely elderly patients...

    Authors: Lingyang Chen, Nana Wang, Guohao Xie, Mingcang Wang, Yulong Yu, Huiqin Wang and Xiangming Fang
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2024 24:78
  4. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive value of alterations in cervical artery hemodynamic parameters induced by a simulated end-inspiratory occlusion test (sEIOT) measured by ultr...

    Authors: Guangshan Jin, Fuqiang Liu, Yiwen Yang, Jiahui Chen, Qian Wen, Yudong Wang, Ling Yu and Jianhua He
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2024 24:13
  5. We aimed to develop a nomogram that can be combined with point-of-care gastric ultrasound and utilised to predict postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in adult patients after emergency surgery.

    Authors: Huohu Zhong, Yingchao Liu, Piaopiao Liu, Zecheng Wang, Xihua Lian, Zhirong Xu, Ruopu Xu, Shanshan Su, Guorong Lyu and Zhenhong Xu
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2023 23:393
  6. The retrospective cohort study was conducted to estimate the opioid-sparing anesthesia and limited side-effects with ultrasound (US)-guided ESPB using programmed intermittent bolus (PIB) or continuous infusion...

    Authors: Xuefang Zhu, Wei Ye, Jinhong Chen, Jiwen Xiao and Weibing Zhao
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2023 23:370
  7. To investigate the effects of a single injection technique with ultrasound-guided superficial cervical fascia block combined with brachial plexus block in clavicular surgery.

    Authors: Anneng Zhou, Ying Wang, Yonghong Cheng, Mei He, Yongting Duan, Dongfang Qin and Mengbi Jiang
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2023 23:365
  8. Respiratory variation in the internal jugular vein (IJVV) has not shown promising results in predicting volume responsiveness in ventilated patients with low tidal volume (Vt) in prone position. We aimed to de...

    Authors: Mimi Wu, Zhao Dai, Ying Liang, Xiaojie Liu, Xu Zheng, Wei Zhang and Jinhua Bo
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2023 23:360
  9. The collapse index of inferior Vena Cava (IVC) and its diameter are important predictive tools for fluid responsiveness in patients, especially critically ones. The collapsibility of infraclavicular axillary v...

    Authors: Huijuan Chen, Xianlong Zhang, Lei Wang, Cuijuan Zheng, Shenquan Cai and Wei Cheng
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2023 23:340