Rural communities bear a disproportionate burden of substance use epidemics and their consequences that contribute to greater morbidity and lower life expectancy compared with people living in more urban areas. The roots of increased opioid and methamphetamine use in rural America are complex and may include a greater availability of prescription opioids due to local economies reliant on occupations with a high-risk of injury and targeted marketing by pharmaceutical companies, economic hardship caused by out-migration and high unemployment rates, and limited healthcare infrastructure with less opportunities for substance use screening and treatment. All of this contributes to overdose and mortality rates that can exceed those in urban centers.
Despite the increased burden of substance use in rural areas, access to harm reduction and treatment services in rural communities is often limited. Preliminary regional data suggests that drug use, overdoses (non-fatal and fatal), and demand for treatment services have increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients with substance use disorders have an increased risk of being infected with COVID-19 and insufficient hospital capacity in rural areas may increase mortality rates.
Addiction Science and Clinical Practice (ASCP) is developing a collection that address the impact on the quality of care for people using drugs and alcohol in rural communities, novel models for improving access to substance use disorder screening and treatment, and interactions between harm reduction and substance use treatment services, and the COVID-19 pandemic in rural communities. The overall goal of this special collection is to advance scientific understanding of the wide array of issues impacting the care of people with substance use in rural communities. Articles include original research, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, commentaries, and study protocols that advance our understanding of substance use issues in rural communities.
The deadline for submitting has now passed. Articles will be added to the collection as soon as they are ready to be published following acceptance.
Funding for the publication of a limited number of articles is available thanks to the generosity of the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN).
For further information on this collection, please contact the co-Guest Editors via email@example.com:
P. Todd Korthuis, MD, MPH, Oregon Health & Science University, USA
Erin L. Winstanley, MA, PhD, West Virginia University, USA
Sterling M. McPherson, PhD, Washington State University, USA
The Editors of the collection declare no competing interests. The peer review process for these articles is the same as the peer review process of the journal in general and all articles must adhere to standard editorial policies. Additionally, if the guest editor(s) authors an article in their special issue, they will not handle the peer review process.