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Advances in medical robotics and automation for surgery and rehabilitation

Medical robotics in the last few decades has achieved rapid development and has been widely applied in surgical field. The types of medical robotics include neurosurgery robotics, orthopedics robotics, laparoscopic robotics, vascular interventional robotics, prosthetics and exoskeleton robotics, assistive and rehabilitation robotics and capsule robotics. The robotics are important for surgery. Key technological research in medical robotics and automation is now very essential.

Minimally invasive surgery based on surgical robotics can decrease recovery time, speed healing and reduce scarring. The establishment of the minimally invasive surgical concept and the technological development and application of minimally invasive devices has greatly enhanced the efficacy of surgical operations. Besides, the robotic also has many applications after operation. In recent years, with the rapid development of robotics, we can achieve minimally invasive incision, exposure and surgical procedure. Surgical robotics has indeed become a new growth point and technological incubator in the modern surgery.

This special issue presents knowledge of medical robotics, minimally invasive surgical instrumentation, robotic mechanics, and applications of the robot-assisted medical imaging in minimally invasive surgery.

Guest edited by Prof Dhanjoo N. Ghista and Prof Kelvin K.L. Wong

  1. The traditional navigation interface was intended only for two-dimensional observation by doctors; thus, this interface does not display the total spatial information for the lesion area. Surgical navigation s...

    Authors: Long Chen, Fengfeng Zhang, Wei Zhan, Minfeng Gan and Lining Sun
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2020 19:1
  2. Vitreoretinal surgeries require precise, dexterous, and steady instruments for operation in delicate parts of the eye. Robotics has presented solutions for many vitreoretinal surgical problems, but, in a few o...

    Authors: Muhammad Umar Farooq, Binxiang Xu and Seong Young Ko
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2019 18:46
  3. It is particularly important to utilize appropriate blood pressure measurement methods to evaluate the changes of orthostatic hypertension (OHT) for children, and this study was designed to analyze the blood p...

    Authors: Yang Zhixiang, Wang Cheng, Xiang Jibing, Ge Bisheng, Xu Ming and Liu Deyu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:129
  4. In this paper we aimed to investigate the neovascularization and biodegradation of the silk fibroin in vivo using multiple modes ultrasound, including two-dimensional, three-dimensional and contrast-enhanced u...

    Authors: Shouqiang Li, Dandan Yu, Huan Ji, Baocun Zhao, Lili Ji and Xiaoping Leng
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:87
  5. In longitudinal electroencephalography (EEG) studies, repeatable electrode positioning is essential for reliable EEG assessment. Conventional methods use anatomical landmarks as fiducial locations for the elec...

    Authors: Chanho Song, Sangseo Jeon, Seongpung Lee, Ho-Gun Ha, Jonghyun Kim and Jaesung Hong
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:64
  6. In this paper, we aim to investigate the effect of computer-aided triage system, which is implemented for the health checkup of lung lesions involving tens of thousands of chest X-rays (CXRs) that are required...

    Authors: Changmiao Wang, Ahmed Elazab, Fucang Jia, Jianhuang Wu and Qingmao Hu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:63
  7. At present, the enteral nutrition approaches via nose and duodenum (or nose and jejunum) are the preferred method of nutritional support in the medical engineering field, given the superiority of in line with ...

    Authors: Ying Li, Yu Ye, Yang Mei, Haiying Ruan and Yuan Yu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:21
  8. Colonoscopy plays an important role in the clinical screening and management of colorectal cancer. The traditional ‘see one, do one, teach one’ training style for such invasive procedure is resource intensive ...

    Authors: Tingxi Wen, David Medveczky, Jackie Wu and Jianhuang Wu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:9