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Precision Oncology

Precision OncologyDue to the heterogeneous nature of tumors, molecular profiling is crucial to our understanding of how genomics plays a role in the cause or development of an individual cancer. Such tumor profiles can subsequently be applied to exclusively tailor cancer therapies to directly target a causative mutation for a malignancy, ultimately achieving a personalized and precise approach to cancer treatment. This approach is termed precision oncology.

Precision oncology has made progress in leaps and bounds in recent years and is currently at the heart of revolutionizing cancer research. As this research continues to develop and evolve, the enhanced use of precision oncology in cancer treatment ultimately aims to improve prognosis and outcomes for patients.

We are therefore very proud to present a new cross-journal thematic series focusing on precision oncology. This cross-journal thematic series of original research and review articles gathers the latest research on precision oncology. It focuses on how precision oncology has shaped advances in the impact of non-coding RNAs in epigenetics and cancer, immunotherapy and tumor biology, and the clinical significance of various therapies in a range of cancers. 

Participating journals

  1. Utilization of RNA sequencing methods to measure gene expression from archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor samples in translational research and clinical trials requires reliable interpretati...

    Authors: Michal Marczyk, Chunxiao Fu, Rosanna Lau, Lili Du, Alexander J. Trevarton, Bruno V. Sinn, Rebekah E. Gould, Lajos Pusztai, Christos Hatzis and W. Fraser Symmans

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1189

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are the two most frequent and well-known oncogene of lung adenocarcinoma. The purpose of this study is to compare the ...

    Authors: Meng Li, Li Zhang, Wei Tang, Jian-Chun Duan, Yu-Jing Jin, Lin-Lin Qi and Ning Wu

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Genetics-based basket trials have emerged to test targeted therapeutics across multiple cancer types. However, while vemurafenib is FDA-approved for BRAF-V600E melanomas, the non-melanoma basket trial was unsucce...

    Authors: Molly J. Carroll, Carl R. Parent, David Page and Pamela K. Kreeger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1025

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive disorder derived from immature thymocytes. The variability observed in clinical responses on this type of tumours to treatments, the high toxicity ...

    Authors: Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Pilar López-Nieva, Elena Piñeiro-Yañez, Gonzalo Carreño-Tarragona, Joaquín Martinez-López, Raúl Sánchez Pérez, Ángel Aroca, Fátima Al-Shahrour, María Ángeles Cobos-Fernández and José Fernández-Piqueras

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1005

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Many circRNAs have been reported to play important roles in cancer development and have the potential to serve as a novel class of biomarkers for clinical diagnosis. However, the role of circRNAs in esophageal...

    Authors: Rongrong Zhong, Zhuozhi Chen, Ting Mo, Zimo Li and Peng Zhang

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:267

    Content type: Primary research

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  6. Tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs) are highly relevant to clinical outcome of glioma. However, previous studies cannot account for the diverse functions that make up the immune response in malignant trans...

    Authors: Jiacheng Lu, Hailin Li, Zhengxin Chen, Ligang Fan, Shuang Feng, Xiaomin Cai and Huibo Wang

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:265

    Content type: Primary research

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  7. Gene expression profiling of rare cancers has proven challenging due to limited access to patient materials and requirement of intact, non-degraded RNA for next-generation sequencing. We customized a gene expr...

    Authors: Jasmine A. McQuerry, David F. Jenkins, Susan E. Yost, Yuqing Zhang, Daniel Schmolze, W. Evan Johnson, Yuan Yuan and Andrea H. Bild

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:881

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Gastric cancer (GC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related deaths. We established a prospective database of patients with GC who underwent surgical treatment. In this study, we explored the prognostic si...

    Authors: Jingyue Sun, Yao Long, Xin Peng, Desheng Xiao, Jianhua Zhou, Yongguang Tao and Shuang Liu

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:225

    Content type: Primary research

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  9. Cancer is a genetic and epigenetic disease that involves inactivation of tumor suppressor genes and activation of proto-oncogenes. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is an isomer of retinoic acid involved in the o...

    Authors: Lara Lima, Thaísa Cristina Tavares de Melo, Diego Marques, Jéssica Nayara Góes de Araújo, Isabela Samária Fernandes Leite, Camila Xavier Alves, Julieta Genre and Vivian Nogueira Silbiger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:866

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is not sensitive to conventional radio- and chemotherapies and is at least partially resistant to impairments in cell death-related signaling pathways. The hallmarks of RCC formation...

    Authors: Yongchang Lai, Tao Zeng, Xiongfa Liang, Weizou Wu, Fangling Zhong and Wenqi Wu

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:221

    Content type: Review

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  11. The methylation status of the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter has emerged as a favorable independent prognostic and predictive biomarker in glioma. This study aimed to build a radiomics sig...

    Authors: Ziren Kong, Yusong Lin, Chendan Jiang, Longfei Li, Zehua Liu, Yuekun Wang, Congxin Dai, Delin Liu, Xuying Qin, Yu Wang, Zhenyu Liu, Xin Cheng, Jie Tian and Wenbin Ma

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:58

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Multiple primary melanomas (MPM) occur up to 8% of patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). They are often sporadic harbouring several somatic mutations, but also familial cases harbouring a CDKN2A germl...

    Authors: Milena Casula, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Fabrizio Ayala, Vincenzo De Giorgi, Ignazio Stanganelli, Mario Mandalà, Maria Colombino, Antonella Manca, Maria Cristina Sini, Corrado Caracò, Paolo Antonio Ascierto, Rosanna Rita Satta, Amelia Lissia, Antonio Cossu and Giuseppe Palmieri

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:772

    Content type: Research article

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  13. ROS1 rearrangements are validated drivers in lung cancer, which have been identified in a small subset (1–2%) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To date, 18 fusion genes of ROS1 have been identi...

    Authors: Shuguang Xu, Wenxian Wang, Chunwei Xu, Xingliang Li, Junhui Ye, Youcai Zhu and Ting Ge

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:769

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of including or excluding the ischiorectal fossa (IRF) within the clinical target volume during neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) using intensity modulated ra...

    Authors: Maxiaowei Song, Jianhao Geng, Lin Wang, Yongheng Li, Xianggao Zhu, Xiaofan Li, Lan Mi, Aiwen Wu, Yifan Peng, Yunfeng Yao, Yangzi Zhang, Hongzhi Wang, Chen Shi, Yong Cai and Weihu Wang

    Citation: Radiation Oncology 2019 14:138

    Content type: Research

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  15. Preclinical radiotherapy studies using small animals are an indispensable step in the pathway from in vitro experiments to clinical implementation. As radiotherapy techniques advance in the clinic, it is impor...

    Authors: Emma R. Biglin, Gareth J. Price, Amy L. Chadwick, Adam H. Aitkenhead, Kaye J. Williams and Karen J. Kirkby

    Citation: Radiation Oncology 2019 14:134

    Content type: Review

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  16. Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) can recur after removal of the primary tumor and treatment, where they can keep no clinical symptoms and dormant state for 10–15 years. NR2F1 has been demonstrated to r...

    Authors: Xiao-lei Gao, Min Zheng, Hao-fan Wang, Lu-ling Dai, Xiang-hua Yu, Xiao Yang, Xin Pang, Li Li, Mei Zhang, Sha-sha Wang, Jing-biao Wu, Ya-Jie Tang, Xin-hua Liang and Ya-ling Tang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:743

    Content type: Research article

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  17. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and have been confirmed to participate in the carcinogenesis and development of HCC. However, the relationship between miR-4...

    Authors: Yixi Zhang, Zebin Zhu, Shanzhou Huang, Qiang Zhao, Changjun Huang, Yunhua Tang, Chengjun Sun, Zhiheng Zhang, Linhe Wang, Huadi Chen, Maogen Chen, Weiqiang Ju and Xiaoshun He

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:198

    Content type: Primary research

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  18. Radiomics suffers from feature reproducibility. We studied the variability of radiomics features and the relationship of radiomics features with tumor size and shape to determine guidelines for optimal radiomi...

    Authors: Seung-Hak Lee, Hwan-ho Cho, Ho Yun Lee and Hyunjin Park

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:54

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Detection of somatic mutations is a mandatory practice for therapeutic definition in precision oncology. However, somatic mutation detection protocols use DNA from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) t...

    Authors: C. M. Berra, G. T. Torrezan, C. A. de Paula, R. Hsieh, S. V. Lourenço and D. M. Carraro

    Citation: Applied Cancer Research 2019 39:7

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one type of tumor with the highest frequency and mortality worldwide. Although current treatments increase patient survival, it is important to detect CRC in early stages; however, m...

    Authors: Elsa N. Garza Treviño, Paulina Delgado González, Carlos I. Valencia Salgado and Alejandra Martinez Garza

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:173

    Content type: Review

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  21. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a specific subtype of breast cancer with a poor prognosis due to its aggressive biological behaviour and lack of therapeutic targets. We aimed to explore some novel gene...

    Authors: Xuemei Lv, Miao He, Yanyun Zhao, Liwen Zhang, Wenjing Zhu, Longyang Jiang, Yuanyuan Yan, Yue Fan, Hongliang Zhao, Shuqi Zhou, Heyao Ma, Yezhi Sun, Xiang Li, Hong Xu and Minjie Wei

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:172

    Content type: Primary research

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  22. We retrospectively evaluated the capability of radiomic features to predict tumor growth in lung cancer screening and compared the performance of multi-window radiomic features and single window radiomic featu...

    Authors: Hong Lu, Wei Mu, Yoganand Balagurunathan, Jin Qi, Mahmoud A. Abdalah, Alberto L. Garcia, Zhaoxiang Ye, Robert J. Gillies and Matthew B. Schabath

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:45

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A major barrier to effective treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) is the large intertumoral heterogeneity at the genetic and cellular level. In early phase clinical trials, patient heterogeneity in response to ther...

    Authors: Erlend Skaga, Evgeny Kulesskiy, Artem Fayzullin, Cecilie J. Sandberg, Swapnil Potdar, Aija Kyttälä, Iver A. Langmoen, Aki Laakso, Emília Gaál-Paavola, Markus Perola, Krister Wennerberg and Einar O. Vik-Mo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:628

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cancer patients with advanced disease routinely exhaust available clinical regimens and lack actionable genomic medicine results, leaving a large patient population without effective treatments options when th...

    Authors: Noah E. Berlow, Rishi Rikhi, Mathew Geltzeiler, Jinu Abraham, Matthew N. Svalina, Lara E. Davis, Erin Wise, Maria Mancini, Jonathan Noujaim, Atiya Mansoor, Michael J. Quist, Kevin L. Matlock, Martin W. Goros, Brian S. Hernandez, Yee C. Doung, Khin Thway…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:593

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising method for postoperative surveillance of lung cancer. However, relatively low positive rate in early stage patients restricts its application. Aberrant...

    Authors: Guannan Kang, Kezhong Chen, Fan Yang, Shannon Chuai, Heng Zhao, Kai Zhang, Bingsi Li, Zhihong Zhang and Jun Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:579

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Pyruvate kinase isozyme type M2 (PKM2) catalyzes the final step in glycolysis and has been found to be up-regulated in multiple human malignancies. However, whether PKM2 regulates the radiosensitivity of human...

    Authors: Yanzhu Lin, Hui Zhai, Yi Ouyang, Zhiyuan Lu, Chengbiao Chu, Qianting He and Xinping Cao

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:129

    Content type: Primary research

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  27. Lung adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancers. Whole-genome sequencing studies disclosed the genomic landscape of lung adenocarcinomas. however, it remains unclear if the genetic alternations cou...

    Authors: Jiaxian Yu, Yueming Hu, Yafei Xu, Jue Wang, Jiajie Kuang, Wei Zhang, Jianlin Shao, Dianjing Guo and Yejun Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:263

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To construct a prediction model based on peritumoral radiomics signatures from CT images and investigate its efficiency in predicting early recurrence (ER) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative trea...

    Authors: Quan-yuan Shan, Hang-tong Hu, Shi-ting Feng, Zhen-peng Peng, Shu-ling Chen, Qian Zhou, Xin Li, Xiao-yan Xie, Ming-de Lu, Wei Wang and Ming Kuang

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:11

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The abnormal expression of many long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been reported in the progression of various tumors. However, the potential biological roles and regulatory mechanisms of long non-coding RNAs ...

    Authors: Qingmei Wang, Rongzhang He, Tan Tan, Jia Li, Zheng Hu, Weihao Luo, Lili Duan, Wenna Luo and Dixian Luo

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:40

    Content type: Primary research

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  30. Breast cancer patients who have not previously attended mammography screening may be more likely to discontinue adjuvant hormone therapy and therefore have a worse disease prognosis.

    Authors: Wei He, Louise Eriksson, Sven Törnberg, Fredrik Strand, Per Hall and Kamila Czene

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:24

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been described as a population of cells that may seed metastasis, which is a reliable target for the prevention of metastases in lung cancer patients at the early stage. The...

    Authors: Zujun Que, Bin Luo, Zhiyi Zhou, Changsheng Dong, Yi Jiang, Lin Wang, Qihui Shi and Jianhui Tian

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:21

    Content type: Primary research

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  32. Although low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSC) is rare, case-fatality rates are high as most patients present with advanced disease and current cytotoxic therapies are not overly effective. Recognizing that t...

    Authors: Marta Llaurado Fernandez, Amy Dawson, Joshua Hoenisch, Hannah Kim, Sylvia Bamford, Clara Salamanca, Gabriel DiMattia, Trevor Shepherd, Mattia Cremona, Bryan Hennessy, Shawn Anderson, Stanislav Volik, Colin C. Collins, David G. Huntsman and Mark S. Carey

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2019 19:10

    Content type: Primary research

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  33. Chronic diseases such as chagasic megaesophagus (secondary to Chagas’ disease) have been suggested as etiological factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; however, the molecular mechanisms involved are ...

    Authors: Fernanda Franco Munari, Adriana Cruvinel-Carloni, Croider Franco Lacerda, Antônio Talvane Torres de Oliveira, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto, Sandra Regina Morini da Silva, Eduardo Crema, Sheila Jorge Adad, Maria Aparecida Marchesan Rodrigues, Maria Aparecida Coelho Arruda Henry, Denise Peixoto Guimarães, Adhemar Longatto-Filho and Rui Manuel Reis

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2018 13:43

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-induced gastric cancer is an intricate progression of immune response against H. pylori infection. IL-16, TGF-β1 and TLR4 pathways were the mediators involved in the immune respons...

    Authors: Bangshun He, Tao Xu, Bei Pan, Yuqin Pan, Xuhong Wang, Jingwu Dong, Huiling Sun, Xueni Xu, Xiangxiang Liu and Shukui Wang

    Citation: Cancer Cell International 2018 18:191

    Content type: Primary research

    Published on: