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Law enforcement and harm reduction in SE Asia

Edited by: Nick Crofts (Editor-in-Chief), Timothy John Moore, AM, Brigitte Tenni, PhD & Nick Thomson, PhD

This issue presents reports from a program of research carried out in the Mekong region countries of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam into the relationship of policing and harm reduction in those countries - countries at different stages of evolution of the HIV epidemic, but where injecting drug use is either now or potentially a major driver of the national epidemic. The genesis of the research was in the realisation that while much is known about the impact of policing practice on the creation or aggravation of risk environments for HIV transmission among drug users, much less is know about the impact of harm reduction programs and policies on police approaches to drug use and drug users - knowledge essential for successful advocacy and program design. In this issue is an overview from a regional harm reduction program, and three country reports by local and collaborating researchers illustrated by a number of case studies. We hope this work contributes substantially to the better development of the police partnership in the fight against HIV in the South East Asian region. Sponsorship for these manuscripts was received from AUSAid.

Collection published in Harm Reduction Journal: 9 July 2012

  1. Pakistan is among four countries in Asia where the estimated number of new HIV infections has been increasing year by year ever since 1990. The Asian Epidemic Modelling (AEM), conducted in 2015, reconfirmed th...

    Authors: Anne Bergenstrom, Baseer Achakzai, Sofia Furqan, Manzoor ul Haq, Rajwal Khan and Marc Saba
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2015 12:43
  2. Methadone maintenance treatment programs (MMTPs) are important public health intervention to control the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the drug use problems. For expanding treatment coverage, publicly...

    Authors: Kun-Chia Chang and Chung-Ying Lin
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2015 12:40
  3. As a dual response to the HIV epidemic and the high level of injecting drug use in Vietnam, the Ministry of Health (MOH) initiated a pilot methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) program in Hai Phong and Ho Chi Mi...

    Authors: Tran Vu Hoang, Tran Thi Thanh Ha, Tran Minh Hoang, Nguyen To Nhu, Nguyen Cuong Quoc, Nguyen thi Minh Tam and Stephen Mills
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2015 12:39
  4. Drug users and female sex workers are among the groups most vulnerable to HIV infection in Vietnam. To address the HIV epidemic within these communities, former drug users and sex workers established the first...

    Authors: Leah T. Le, Lauretta E. Grau, Huong H. Nguyen, Oanh Hai T. Khuat and Robert Heimer
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2015 12:38
  5. Armed conflict may increase the risk of HIV and other pathogens among injecting drug users (IDUs); however, there are few prospective studies. This study aimed to measure incidence and potential predictors, in...

    Authors: Catherine S. Todd, Abdul Nasir, Mohammad Raza Stanekzai, Katja Fiekert, Heather L. Sipsma, David Vlahov and Steffanie A. Strathdee
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2015 12:22
  6. The Village/Commune Safety Policy was launched by the Ministry of Interior of the Kingdom of Cambodia in 2010 and, due to a priority focus on “cleaning the streets”, has created difficulties for HIV prevention...

    Authors: Nick Thomson, Supheap Leang, Kannarath Chheng, Amy Weissman, Graham Shaw and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:31
  7. In 2003 the Government of Cambodia officially began to recognise that harm reduction was an essential approach to preventing HIV among people who use drugs and their sexual partners. Several programs aiming to...

    Authors: Kannarath Chheng, Supheap Leang, Nick Thomson, Timothy Moore and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:30
  8. Peuan Mit is a Lao organization working to address the needs of children and youth living and working on the streets. This case study outlines how a trusted and strong relationship with local police provides m...

    Authors: Brigitte Tenni and Vanphanom Sychareun
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:29
  9. The response to drug use in Laos has focused on reducing opium supply (supply reduction) and rates of drug use (demand reduction). However, recently there is increased interest among government counterparts to...

    Authors: Vanphanom Sychareun, Visanou Hansana, Sysavanh Phommachanh, Vathsana Somphet, Phouthong Phommavongsa, Brigitte Tenni, Timothy Moore and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:28
  10. Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) was introduced in the rapidly developing semi-rural district of Tu Liem in Hanoi in December, 2009. Commune police play an integral role in determining which injecting drug ...

    Authors: Melissa Jardine, VanAnh Thi Nguyen and Thu Hong Khuat
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:26
  11. The findings of our research show that while police play multiple roles in the fight against drug-related crime, they often perceived their tasks – especially preventing and controlling drug use on the one han...

    Authors: Thu Hong Khuat, VanAnh Thi Nguyen, Melissa Jardine, Timothy Moore, Thu Huong Bui and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:25
  12. For over 15 years the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) has been a leading donor for harm reduction projects in Southeast Asia. The recent AusAID-supported harm reduction projects of gre...

    Authors: Nick Thomson, Tim Moore and Nick Crofts
    Citation: Harm Reduction Journal 2012 9:23