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Contemporary issues in screening

Edited by Fred Paccaud

Screening is a key tool in the field of prevention i.e., looking for early signs of disease where intervention makes difference in outcome. As diagnostic tests and tools develop, there are ever more fields where screening is now and will in the future be considered as essential elements of preventive care both for individuals and populations. This series in Public Health Reviews provides an overview of several highly topical areas such as chronic renal disease, frailty in older people, lung cancer, and explores more general issues associated with developments in public health genomics and cardiovascular risk in children in low and middle income countries. There is also a timely reminder of the risks of over-diagnosis, and the need to balance harms and benefits within new and existing screening programmes.

Publication charges for this collection were funded by ASPHER. Articles have undergone the journal's standard peer-review process overseen by the Guest Editor, who declares no competing interests.

  1. Commentary

    Screening for frailty: older populations and older individuals

    The concept of frailty as a health dimension in old age is recent and has its origin in the development of geriatric medicine. Initially an unformulated clinical intuition, it is now defined by a diminished ph...

    Brigitte Santos-Eggimann and Nicolas Sirven

    Public Health Reviews 2016 37:7

    Published on: 22 August 2016

  2. Review

    Why and how would we implement a lung cancer screening program?

    For decades, lung cancer has been the most common cancer in terms of both incidence and mortality. There has been very little improvement in the prognosis of lung cancer. Early treatment following early diagno...

    Idris Guessous and Jacques Cornuz

    Public Health Reviews 2015 36:10

    Published on: 5 November 2015

  3. Review

    Screening for cardiovascular disease risk factors beginning in childhood

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death worldwide. Individual detection and intervention on CVD risk factors and behaviors throughout childhood and adolescence has been advocated as a stra...

    Clemens Bloetzer, Pascal Bovet, Joan-Carles Suris, Umberto Simeoni, Gilles Paradis and Arnaud Chiolero

    Public Health Reviews 2015 36:9

    Published on: 5 November 2015

  4. Commentary

    Screening and overdiagnosis: public health implications

    Overdiagnosis is the diagnosis of an abnormality that bears no substantial health hazard and no benefit for patients to be aware of. Resulting mainly from the use of increasingly sensitive screening and diagno...

    Jean-Luc Bulliard and Arnaud Chiolero

    Public Health Reviews 2015 36:8

    Published on: 5 November 2015