Skip to main content

Operational Research on Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases in China

Guest edited by Xiao-Nong Zhou, Ning Feng, Jeffrey K. Edwards and John Reeder

A thematic series in Infectious Diseases of Poverty

IDP-TS-OROEARIDIC © Shen chunchen / Imaginechina / dOver the past decades, the infectious disease profile in China has been shifting with the rapid pace of social and economic development. Five notifiable infectious diseases have been almost eradicated, and the incidence of 18 additional notifiable infectious diseases has been significantly reduced. Unexpectedly, the incidence of over ten notifiable infectious diseases, including HIV, brucellosis, syphilis, and dengue fever, has been increasing. Nevertheless, frequent infectious disease outbreaks/events have been reported almost every year, and imported infectious diseases have increased since 2015. New pathogens and over 100 new genotypes or serotypes of known pathogens have been identified.

Structured Operational Research Training Initiative (SORT IT) guided by WHO/TDR aims to teach the practical skills for conducting and publishing Operational Research and how to influence policy, thus to improve health system through research. The 1st Cycle of SORT IT in China hosted by Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention aims to enhance the capacity on OR in health and supporting capacity to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) related developing countries on Operational Research in health of China. This thematic series focuses on the prevention and control of malaria, HIV/AIDS, HBV, schistosomiasis, tuberculosis, Japanese encephalitis, surveillance about emerging infectious diseases, etc.

  1. Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) introduced the Structured Operational Research Training Initiative (SORT IT) into China to build a special capacity and equip public health profess...

    Authors: Ning Feng, Jeffrey Karl Edwards, Philip Odhiambo Owiti, Guo-Min Zhang, Zulma Vanessa Rueda Vallejo, Katrina Hann, Shui-Sen Zhou, Myo Minn Oo, Elizabeth Marie Geoffroy, Chao Ma, Tao Li, Jun Feng, Yi Zhang and Xiao-Ping Dong
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:80
  2. Oncomelania hupensis is only intermediate snail host of Schistosoma japonicum, and distribution of O. hupensis is an important indicator for the surveillance of schistosomiasis. This study explored the feasibilit...

    Authors: Jin-Xin Zheng, Shang Xia, Shan Lv, Yi Zhang, Robert Bergquist and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:74
  3. Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a leading cause of childhood viral encephalitis both at global level and in China. Vaccination is recommended as a key strategy to control JE. In China most JE cases have been rep...

    Authors: Xiao-Ting Hu, Qiong-Fen Li, Chao Ma, Zhi-Xian Zhao, Li-Fang He, Ting-Ting Tang, Wen Yu and Philip Owiti
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:102
  4. The barriers to access diagnosis and receive treatment, in addition to insufficient case identification and reporting, lead to tuberculosis (TB) spreads in communities, especially among hard-to-reach populatio...

    Authors: Jin-Ou Chen, Yu-Bing Qiu, Zulma Vanessa Rueda, Jing-Long Hou, Kun-Yun Lu, Liu-Ping Chen, Wei-Wei Su, Li Huang, Fei Zhao, Tao Li and Lin Xu
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:92

    The Correction to this article has been published in Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2020 9:7

  5. In addition to providing free hepatitis B vaccine (HBvacc) series to all infants in China since 2005, the national programme on prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) sta...

    Authors: Ya-Ping Qiao, Min Su, Yao Song, Xiao-Yan Wang, Zhen Li, Yan-Lin Li, Li-Xia Dou, Qian Wang, Katrina Hann, Guo-Min Zhang, Xiao-Na Huang, Yu-Ning Yang, Xi Jin and Ai-Ling Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:65
  6. China has achieved zero indigenous malaria case report in 2017. However, along with the increasing of international cooperation development, there is an increasing number of imported malaria cases from Chinese...

    Authors: Shao-Sen Zhang, Jun Feng, Li Zhang, Xiang Ren, Elizabeth Geoffroy, Sylvie Manguin, Roger Frutos and Shui-Sen Zhou
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:61
  7. Mother to child transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains the most common form of HBV infection in China. Prevention of HBV vertical transmission involves timely administration of the complete hepatitis ...

    Authors: Hui Zheng, Guo-Min Zhang, Po-Lin Chan, Fu-Zhen Wang, Lance Everett Rodewald, Ning Miao, Xiao-Jin Sun, Zun-Dong Yin, Jeffrey Edwards and Hua-Qing Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:57
  8. There are limited nationally representative studies globally in the post-2015 END tuberculosis (TB) era regarding wealth related inequity in the distribution of catastrophic costs due to TB care. Under the Chi...

    Authors: Cai-Hong Xu, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Yin-Yin Xia, Li-Xia Wang, Yan Liu, Hui Zhang and Li Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:46
  9. An “integrated control” strategy has been implemented within seven provinces at highest risk for schistosomiasis along Yangtze River in Peoples’ Republic of China (P. R. China) since 2004. Since Oncomelania hupen...

    Authors: Si-Min Dai, Jeffrey Edwards, Zhou Guan, Shan Lv, Shi-Zhu Li, Li-Juan Zhang, Jun Feng, Ning Feng, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Jing Xu
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:48