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Organelle Genomes

Mitochondria and chloroplasts play a critical role in eukaryotic cells by ensuring aerobic respiration and photosynthesis, respectively. More than just a collection of complete organelle genome sequences, the articles featured in this topical series help to shed some light on specific traits and idiosyncrasies of these exceptional genomes, and highlight their value for taxonomic and phylogenic studies.

  1. In animals mtDNA inheritance is maternal except in certain molluscan bivalve species which have a paternally inherited mitochondrial genome (genome M) along with the standard maternal one (genome F). Normally,...

    Authors: Eleni Kyriakou, Eleftherios Zouros and George C Rodakis
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:222
  2. Mitochondria (mt) contain their own autonomously replicating DNA, constituted as a small circular genome encoding essential subunits of the respiratory chain. Mt DNA is characterized by a genetic code which di...

    Authors: Joachim EM Jacob, Bartel Vanholme, Thomas Van Leeuwen and Godelieve Gheysen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2009 2:192
  3. It can be seen from the available mollusk mitogenomes that the family Pectinidae exhibits the most variation in genome organization. In this study, comparative mitogenomic analyses were performed for three sca...

    Authors: Xiangyun Wu, Xiaodong Xu, Ziniu Yu and Xiaoyu Kong
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2009 2:69
  4. Wheat, barley, and rye, of tribe Triticeae in the Poaceae, are among the most important crops worldwide but they present many challenges to genomics-aided crop improvement. Brachypodium distachyon, a close relati...

    Authors: Esteban Bortiri, Devin Coleman-Derr, Gerard R Lazo, Olin D Anderson and Yong Q Gu
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:61