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Minority and migrant health

Edited by Theodore Tulchinsky, Henrique Barros, Bent Greve, Walter Ricciardi

Minority and migrant health are major political and public health problems globally. Millions of people are in a migrant state today, living in terrible conditions with little hope for acceptance in desirable but reluctant host countries. Moreover, countries already deal with existent minority health problems. One finds different aspects in different settings, but there is commonality in marginalization of health and inadequate levels of socioeconomic and health related interventions. In many parts of the world, the health of both legal and undocumented migrants suffers in relation to deprivations in host countries, including isolation, lack of legitimate residency, poverty, squalid living conditions, and insufficient access to perceptive and curative health care. The problems are international, affecting countries everywhere, and in previously homogeneous countries immigration is producing excluded minorities in poor health circumstances.

This collection of articles in Public Health Reviews explores the current health status of minority and migrant populations in selected countries, often with tragic social and cultural and health consequences. Intervention successes and failures are highlighted and recommendations are made for future needed approaches.

This article collection is sponsored by the Open Society Foundation - New York and was the subject of a Salzburg Workshop sponsored by The American Austrian Foundation in April 2016. Articles have undergone the journal's standard peer-review process overseen by the Guest Editors. The Guest Editors declare no competing interests.

  1. Content type: Review

    Hispanics are the largest minority group in the USA. They contribute to the economy, cultural diversity, and health of the nation. Assessing their health status and health needs is key to inform health policy ...

    Authors: Eduardo Velasco-Mondragon, Angela Jimenez, Anna G. Palladino-Davis, Dawn Davis and Jose A. Escamilla-Cejudo

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:31

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  2. Content type: Review

    Changes in migration patterns that have occurred in recent decades, both quantitative, with an increase in the number of immigrants, and qualitative, due to different causes of migration (work, family reunific...

    Authors: Antonio Sarría-Santamera, Ana Isabel Hijas-Gómez, Rocío Carmona and Luís Andrés Gimeno-Feliú

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:28

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  3. Content type: Meeting Report

    Migrant and minority health has always been an issue of special concern in public health. While migration is not a new phenomenon, the number of refugees and migrants across the globe grew rapidly in 2015, wit...

    Authors: Tina Bregant, Mariam Torosyan, Amanda Shriwise, Lukasz Balwicki and Ted Tulchinsky

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:26

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  4. Content type: Review

    Population aging and the associated changes in demographic structures and healthcare needs is a key challenge across Europe. Healthy aging strategies focus on ensuring the ability to maintain health, quality o...

    Authors: Maria Kristiansen, Oliver Razum, Hürrem Tezcan-Güntekin and Allan Krasnik

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:20

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  5. Content type: Review

    International organizations have defined and managed different aspects of migrant health issues for decades, yet we lack a systematic understanding of how they reach decisions and what they do on the ground. T...

    Authors: Alexander E. Kentikelenis and Amanda Shriwise

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:19

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  6. Content type: Review

    Using a modified social ecological model, we conducted a review of the literature and nationwide statistics on African American health. We discuss the main social determinants of health and main health dispari...

    Authors: Allan S. Noonan, Hector Eduardo Velasco-Mondragon and Fernando A. Wagner

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:12

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  7. Content type: Review

    Undocumented migrants (UMs) are at higher risk for health problems because of their irregular status and the consequences of economic and social marginalization. Moreover, the emergent reality of undocumented ...

    Authors: Elisabetta De Vito, Chiara de Waure, Maria Lucia Specchia, Paolo Parente, Elena Azzolini, Emanuela Maria Frisicale, Marcella Favale, Adele Anna Teleman and Walter Ricciardi

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:13

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  8. Content type: Review

    Studies have shown that a high proportion of refugees have been subjected to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs). PTEs, including torture, are powerful predictors of mental ill health. This paper reports ...

    Authors: Erika Sigvardsdotter, Andreas Malm, Petter Tinghög, Marjan Vaez and Fredrik Saboonchi

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:10

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  9. Content type: Case study

    This article probes into the health of migrants with a focus on the situation in the Nordic universal welfare states. The Nordic welfare states are further compared to each other with a comparison to the EU28 ...

    Authors: Bent Greve

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:9

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  10. Content type: Review

    Immigrant and refugee populations bring public health challenges to host nations. In the current global refugee crisis, children are the most vulnerable subpopulation. Diseases that were considered rare in the...

    Authors: Tom D. Thacher, Pawel Pludowski, Nick J. Shaw, M. Zulf Mughal, Craig F. Munns and Wolfgang Högler

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:3

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  11. Content type: Editorial

    The European response to the refugee crisis has been lamentable. A preoccupation with numbers has, too often, ignored how each refugee is an individual, many of whom have experienced the most appalling conditi...

    Authors: Bayard Roberts, Adrianna Murphy and Martin McKee

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2016 37:1

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