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From Malaria elimination to Malaria eliminated: learning by doing

Guest edited by Florence Fuque, Sarthak Das, Maxine Whittaker, Zaixing Zhang, Robert Bergquist and Xiao-Nong Zhou

A thematic series in Infectious Diseases of Poverty

malaria mosquito (1) © CDC/James Gathany

Malaria remains one of the infectious diseases with the highest burden of disease in the world. According to the World Malaria Report, 229 million malaria cases and 409 000 deaths were estimated in 2019. Although a growing number of countries with a low burden of malaria have been moving with steady determination towards the target of zero malaria, the World Health Organization (WHO) has sounded the alarm about the worrying overall trend in the global response to malaria. We are, however, pleased that seven countries, including China, Algeria, Paraguay, El Salvador, Azerbaijan, Sri Lanka and Tajikistan, in recent years have reached malaria elimination, a milestone of inspiration for all malaria-endemic nations that are working to stamp out the disease. 

All countries that have eliminated malaria have a rich experience with regard to the following aspects: (i) high political commitment at all levels, including financial and human resources supporting malaria control and elimination; (ii) multi-sectoral, multi-regional and multi-disciplinary cooperation; (iii) continuously updated technical measures and strategies; (iv) community mobilization; (v) international cooperation and communication. We aim to transfer their leadership to other countries where malaria is still endemic, thereby further contributing to a healthy world by achieving the final goal of malaria eradication.

In view of the above considerations, Infectious Diseases of Poverty is launching a new thematic series dealing with how lessons learned can help us move from the malaria elimination venture towards actually achieving this goal worldwide. The thematic series aims to cover a wide range of research interests ranging from the experience gained by engaging in malaria control and elimination programmes in different countries that have eliminated malaria in recent years to stand-alone projects based on epidemiology, geographic information systems (GIS), impact on social and economic development and the like.

  1. An outbreak of Plasmodium malariae infection among forest goers in Sanya City of Hainan Island, China was reported in 2015. In response to this outbreak, an innovative three-layer strategy (TLS) targeted forest g...

    Authors: Yuchun Li, Yingjuan Huang, Renqiang Chen, Weizhen Huang, Huanzhi Xu, Rongshen Ye, Shaoling Huang, Ji Zhen, Xiaodan Wen, Guoyi Wang, Yong Liu, Haishan Li, Zaichun Zheng, Jian Wang, Guoshen Wang, Chong Chen…
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2022 11:97
  2. China has accumulated multiple practices and experiences in building and enhancing malaria surveillance and response system. As China’s engagement into global health has gathered stronger momentum than ever, C...

    Authors: Shenning Lu, Lulu Huang, Lei Duan, Qiuli Xu, Xuejiao Ma, Wei Ding, Duoquan Wang, Shan Lv and Ning Xiao
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2022 11:64
  3. Border malaria is one of the most intractable problems hindering malaria elimination worldwide. Movement of both the human population and anopheline mosquitoes infected with Plasmodium spp. can cause cross-border...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Yaowu Zhou, Yan Deng, Zurui Lin, Canglin Zhang, Qiyan Chen, Chun Wei, Kaixia Duan, Peng Tian, Hongning Zhou and Jianwei Xu
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2022 11:51
  4. Prompt and precise diagnosis of patients is an essential component of malaria control and elimination strategies, it is even more vital for the prevention of malaria re-establishment in the post elimination ph...

    Authors: Jianhai Yin, He Yan and Mei Li
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2022 11:45
  5. Though the utilization of traditional medicine has been proposed for modern drug research and development (R&D), limited research has discussed its feasible paths. In this commentary, we summarized key factors...

    Authors: Guangqi Liu, Yan Xie, Yinuo Sun, Kaixuan Zhang, Jiyan Ma and Yangmu Huang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2022 11:27
  6. Following initiation of China’s National Malaria Elimination Action Plan (NMEAP) in 2010, the ‘1-3-7’ approach was developed and rolled out in China to facilitate the malaria elimination programme and accelera...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Cao, Guangyu Lu, Chris Cotter, Weiming Wang, Mengmeng Yang, Yaobao Liu, Cheng Liang, Huayun Zhou, Yan Lu, Jun Yan, Guoding Zhu and Jun Cao
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2022 11:20