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Viruses infecting fish

The International Network on Viruses of Lower Vertebrates (INVLV) wants –first of all– to thank  Veterinary Research, for giving the us the opportunity to prepare this Special Issue exclusively focused on viruses of lower vertebrates.

The INVLV is a network devoted to research on viruses of fish, amphibians and reptiles. The network organizes symposia every 3-4 years to share not only the results of our studies but also  experiences, new ideas and advances in different areas related with the main aim of the Network: the viruses of lower vertebrates.

The reports included in this issue have been selected from a large number of studies reported at the most recent symposium, the 9th International Symposium on Viruses of Lower Vertebrates (ISVLV) held in Málaga in October, 2014. A Committee consisting of 12 specialists belonging to the INVLV and covering different areas of research attended all the sessions and pre-selected 20 studies, based on their general interest, strength of design and experimental tools, and on the recent advances in the field,

After the review of the manuscripts by the panel of experts, we reached the final selection of studies reported here. These papers focus on viruses of different groups, including orthoreoviruses, betanodaviruses, rhabdoviruses, alphaviruses and herpesviruses, and on subjects such as ultrastructures and viral construction, pathogenesis, immunology and biotechnology.
We really hope that these studies will provide interesting and important information for researchers.

Foreword by Prof Alexandra Adams & Prof Carlos P. Dopazo

  1. The high mutation rate of RNA viruses enables the generation of a genetically diverse viral population, termed a quasispecies, within a single infected host. This high in-host genetic diversity enables an RNA ...

    Authors: Anna A. Schönherz, Niels Lorenzen, Bernt Guldbrandtsen, Bart Buitenhuis and Katja Einer-Jensen
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:10
  2. Sleeping disease in rainbow trout is characterized by an abnormal swimming behaviour of the fish which stay on their side at the bottom of the tanks. This sign is due to extensive necrosis and atrophy of red s...

    Authors: Stéphane Biacchesi, Grégory Jouvion, Emilie Mérour, Abdelhak Boukadiri, Marion Desdouits, Simona Ozden, Michel Huerre, Pierre-Emmanuel Ceccaldi and Michel Brémont
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:9
  3. Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3), also called koi herpesvirus (KHV), is the aetiological agent of a fatal disease in carp and koi (Cyprinus carpio L.), referred to as koi herpesvirus disease. The virus contains at...

    Authors: Sean J. Monaghan, Kim D. Thompson, James E. Bron, Sven M. Bergmann, Tae S. Jung, Takashi Aoki, K. Fiona Muir, Malte Dauber, Sven Reiche, Diana Chee, Shin M. Chong, Jing Chen and Alexandra Adams
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:8
  4. Salmonid alphavirus (SAV) is an enveloped, single-stranded, positive sense RNA virus belonging to the family Togaviridae. It causes economically devastating disease in cultured salmonids. The characteristic feat...

    Authors: Tharangani K. Herath, Hugh W. Ferguson, Manfred W. Weidmann, James E. Bron, Kimberly D. Thompson, Alexandra Adams, Katherine F. Muir and Randolph H. Richards
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:7
  5. European sea bass is highly susceptible to the betanodavirus RGNNV genotype, although the SJNNV genotype has also been detected in this fish species. The coexistence of both genotypes may affect the replicatio...

    Authors: Carlos Carballo, Esther Garcia-Rosado, Juan J. Borrego and M. Carmen Alonso
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:6
  6. Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) is associated with heart- and skeletal muscle inflammation in farmed Atlantic salmon. The virus is ubiquitous and found in both farmed and wild salmonid fish. It belongs to the family

    Authors: Hanne Merethe Haatveit, Ingvild B. Nyman, Turhan Markussen, Øystein Wessel, Maria Krudtaa Dahle and Espen Rimstad
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:5
  7. Senegalese sole is susceptible to marine VHSV isolates but is not affected by freshwater isolates, which may indicate differences regarding virus-host immune system interaction. IFN I induces an antiviral stat...

    Authors: Daniel Alvarez-Torres, Ana M. Podadera, Julia Bejar, Isabel Bandin, M. Carmen Alonso and Esther Garcia-Rosado
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:3