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Lessons from the field: case studies in global implementation science

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Collection Editors: Blythe Beecroft, Gila Neta, Rohit Ramaswamy and Rachel Sturke

Fogarty’s Center for Global Health Studies (CGHS), in collaboration with the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), has developed a collection of case studies documenting examples of rigorous implementation research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).  For an in-depth introduction to the collection, please refer to the commentary: The “case” for case studies: why we need high-quality examples of global implementation research.

Documented examples of rigorous implementation research in global contexts can be a valuable resource and help build research capacity.  The overall collection is intended to highlight the value of case studies as a source of “thick” (i.e., context-rich) description and a teaching tool for global implementation researchers. It addresses the independent merit of case studies as an evaluation approach for disseminating high quality research in a format that is useful to a broad range of stakeholders. Additionally, case studies can strengthen research by demonstrating a variety of research designs to answer complex questions and generating generalizable knowledge about implementation. 

These research articles, published in this collection in Implementation Science Communications, provide practical examples of how to select, adapt, and apply implementation science models, theories, or frameworks to global settings, develop and test implementation strategies, and evaluate implementation processes and outcomes. 

All case analyses in the collection have undergone the journals’ standard peer review processes and span various disease areas across diverse international contexts. 

This collection would not be possible without the CGHS Steering Committee and the help of Bryan Weiner, Christopher Gordon, Eche Ezeanolue, Ejemai Eboreime, and Suzy Pollard.


  1. Youth Functioning and Organizational Success for West African Regional Development (Youth FORWARD) was launched as an implementation science collaboration focused on scaling out evidence-based mental health in...

    Authors: Laura Bond, Jordan Farrar, Ryan C. Borg, Katrina Keegan, Katharine Journeay, Nathan Hansen, Emmanuel Mac-Boima, Alimamy Rassin and Theresa S. Betancourt
    Citation: Implementation Science Communications 2022 3:16
  2. Rigorous and systematic documented examples of implementation research in global contexts can be a valuable resource and help build research capacity. In the context of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...

    Authors: Blythe Beecroft, Rachel Sturke, Gila Neta and Rohit Ramaswamy
    Citation: Implementation Science Communications 2022 3:15