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Implementation science and practice: pilot and feasibility studies from the field

Guest Editors: PJ Naylor and Maureen C Ashe

There is a natural synergy between the emerging fields of implementation science and practice, and pilot and feasibility studies. The term implementation is commonly referred to as the “scientific study of methods to promote the systematic uptake of research findings and other evidence-based practices into routine practice, and, hence, to improve the quality and effectiveness of health services”. To support this process, recently developed methods and guidelines for conducting and reporting of pilot and/or feasibility studies can serve to strengthen methods for these study designs, and provide much needed contextual information for the larger study, or even practice. Thus, in this special topic, we are pleased to provide a venue to showcase these two integrated and emerging fields that together can strengthen public and clinical practice.

We have two main goals for this special topic:

  1. Define and explore scientific objectives and methods within pilot or feasibility studies that lead the way for future implementation research programs. It is hoped that these exemplary studies will also span the continuum of research from idea generation to implementation and scale up.; and
  2. To provide a discussion on the essential role that these early studies play in generating rigorous and relevant evidence.
  1. Low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behaviour are pervasive, especially in schools. Pre-service teacher education is pivotal to school and educational reform but is an under-studied se...

    Authors: Natalie Lander, Harriet Koorts, Emiliano Mazzoli, Kate Moncrieff and Jo Salmon

    Citation: Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2019 5:125

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Many interventions designed to meet physical activity guideline recommendations focus on a single component (e.g., walking), to the detriment of other elements of a healthy lifestyle, such as reducing prolonge...

    Authors: Maureen C. Ashe, Nicola Y. Edwards, Amanda Taylor, Laura Burnett, Lora Giangregorio, Kate Milne, Lindy Clemson and Lena Fleig

    Citation: Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2019 5:84

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Clinical guidelines for management of low back pain (LBP) are not routinely implemented in practice, and guidelines rarely offer tools for implementation. Therefore, we developed GLA:D® Back, a standardised in...

    Authors: Alice Kongsted, Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, Inge Ris, Per Kjaer, Line Thomassen and Werner Vach

    Citation: Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2019 5:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Children admitted to nutritional rehabilitation units (NRUs) for inpatient treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are at high risk of poor developmental and nutritional outcomes. The Kusamala Program is ...

    Authors: Allison I Daniel, Meta van den Heuvel, Melissa Gladstone, Mike Bwanali, Wieger Voskuijl, Celine Bourdon, Isabel Potani, Sara Fernandes, Jenala Njirammadzi and Robert H J Bandsma

    Citation: Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2018 4:151

    Content type: Research

    Published on: