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HIV / AIDS and opportunistic diseases and co-infections

People with advanced HIV are particularly vulnerable to opportunistic malignancies and opportunistic infections as well as co-infections either bacterial, fungal, protozoal, helminthic or viral. This topical series compiled relevant research on all aspects of HIV and the opportunistic infections and co-infections associated with HIV and AIDS.

Prof Subhash Parija

  1. Humans are the only host of polioviruses, thus the prospects of global polio eradication look reasonable. However, individuals with immunodeficiencies were shown to excrete vaccine derived poliovirus for long ...

    Authors: Alexandre Manirakiza, Emmanuella Picard, Richard Ngbale, Didier Menard and Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:136
  2. Cryptosporidiosis and strongyloidiasis have been reported to be associated with HIV/AIDS. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Strongyloides stercoralis infections amo...

    Authors: Amde Getaneh, Girmay Medhin and Techalew Shimelis
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:90
  3. Toxoplasmosis in immuno-compromised hosts manifests primarily as a life threatening condition, toxoplasmic encephalitis. However, there is scarce information about the magnitude of Toxoplasma gondii infection amo...

    Authors: Techalew Shimelis, Mekashaw Tebeje, Endale Tadesse, Belete Tegbaru and Ashenafi Terefe
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2009 2:213
  4. In view of the role of TLR2 activation in host defense against mycobacteria, the present study was conducted to examine whether TLR2 polymorphisms could account for the increased prevalence of tuberculosis in ...

    Authors: Debasis Biswas, Shailendra K Gupta, Girish Sindhwani and Abhishek Patras
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2009 2:162
  5. Individuals who are aware of the risk of infection and perceive themselves to be at risk of infection are more likely to take action to prevent HIV infection. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge ...

    Authors: Seter Siziya, Adamson S Muula and Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:123
  6. To explore adolescent HIV risk perception, HIV vaccine knowledge, willingness to participate in future HIV vaccine clinical trials, and the factors that influence willingness to participate among high school s...

    Authors: Guy de Bruyn, Nokuthula Skhosana, Gavin Robertson, James A McIntyre and Glenda E Gray
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:76
  7. The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the 22 high M. tuberculosis burden countries. Data collected between 2002 and 2007 indicate that the global prevalence of drug-resistant M. tuberculosis including MDR var...

    Authors: Willy Urassa, Ferdinand Mugusi, Eduardo Villamor, Gernard Msamanga, Candida Moshiro, Ronald Bosch, Elmar Saathoff and Wafaie Fawzi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:58
  8. Patients with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection are at increased risk of developing hepatic steatosis. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of steatosis in a cohort with HIV-HCV coinf...

    Authors: Sumita Verma, Robert D Goldin and Janice Main
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:46
  9. Chronic diarrhoea is one of the most debilitating consequences of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa and it carries a high mortality rate. We report unexpectedly low concentrations of circulating aldosterone ...

    Authors: Trevor Kaile, Isaac Zulu, Ruth Lumayi, Neil Ashman and Paul Kelly
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:10