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The healthcare workforce

This thematic series in Israel Journal of Health Policy Research considers the healthcare workforce. The physicians, nurses, and other professionals who provide direct patient care are vital to the success of the health care systems within which they operate. Accordingly, policymakers around the world are deeply concerned about such issues as whether they have enough professionals, whether they are being adequately trained and their skills used to the fullest, and whether they are appropriately distributed between and within countries. This article collection explores how these and related issues are playing out, both in Israel and internationally.

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  1. Original research article

    Do women prefer a female breast surgeon?

    Patient preferences regarding the gender of their physicians is a highly sensitive issue, which can be particularly salient in intimate medical situations. Previously published studies found that women tend to...

    Asnat Groutz, Hadar Amir, Revital Caspi, Eran Sharon, Yifat Amir Levy and Mordechai Shimonov

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:35

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  2. Integrative article

    Medical education in Israel 2016: five medical schools in a period of transition

    We reviewed the existing programs for basic medical education (BME) in Israel as well as their output, since they are in a phase of reassessment and transition. The transition has been informed, in part, by ev...

    Shmuel Reis, Jacob Urkin, Rachel Nave, Rosalie Ber, Amitai Ziv, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Dafna Meitar, Peter Gilbey and Dror Mevorach

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:45

    Published on: 15 September 2016

  3. Commentary

    Maintaining helper wellness and competence in a shared trauma reality

    As shared trauma reality becomes more common in Israel and other countries, this commentary argues that we need more research to inform how to best assist mental health professionals who are both victims and h...

    James Halpern

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:38

    Published on: 6 September 2016

  4. Original research article

    Shared War reality effects on the professional quality of life of mental health professionals

    To date, studies on the outcomes of a shared war reality among mental health professionals (MHPs) in southern Israel have focused only on those residing and working in Otef Gaza. The aim of this study is to de...

    Itay Pruginin, Dorit Segal-Engelchin, Richard Isralowitz and Alexander Reznik

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:17

    Published on: 15 August 2016

  5. Original research article

    Work experiences of ethnic minority nurses: a qualitative study

    Recruitment and retention of a diverse ethnic workforce in healthcare settings contribute to the provision of culturally competent care in multicultural contexts. Nevertheless, the work experiences of ethnic m...

    Yael Keshet and Ariela Popper-Giveon

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:18

    Published on: 20 July 2016

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:33

  6. Commentary

    Multi-faceted identities and interactions in mixed health teams

    The literature in the area of the health workforce and societies in conflict encompasses a wide range of studies and potential directions. Lately, Keshet and Popper-Giveon reported on a study based on intervie...

    Daniella Arieli and Miriam J. Hirschfeld

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:33

    Published on: 19 July 2016

    The original article was published in Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:18

  7. Commentary

    Expanding clinical roles for nurses to realign the global health workforce with population needs: a commentary

    Many countries, including Israel, face health workforce challenges to meet the needs of their citizens, as chronic conditions increase. Provider shortages and geographical maldistribution are common. Increasin...

    Claudia B. Maier and Linda H. Aiken

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:21

    Published on: 7 June 2016

    The original article was published in Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:7

  8. Integrative article

    Integration of advanced practice providers into the Israeli healthcare system

    Many countries around the world have integrated various types of Advanced Practice Providers (APPs) into their healthcare systems. The main motivating factors for recognizing and developing APPs worldwide incl...

    Eliana Marcus Aaron and Caryn Scheinberg Andrews

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:7

    Published on: 22 February 2016

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2016 5:21

  9. Original research article

    Models for projecting supply and demand for nurses in Israel

    Concern is growing over serious shortages in the nursing workforce and imbalance between supply and demand. Projections indicate that the demand for the nursing workforce will increase due to the aging populat...

    Nurit Nirel, Orli Grinstien-Cohen, Yonatan Eyal, Hadar Samuel and Assaf Ben-Shoham

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:46

    Published on: 15 December 2015

  10. Integrative article

    The case of pharmacist prescribing policy in Israel

    Pharmacy prescribing policy in Israel has been negotiated and changed in recent years in order to improve patient treatment and access to medicines, and reduce national health insurance costs by allowing pharm...

    Hila Yariv

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:49

    Published on: 10 December 2015

  11. Commentary

    Procedures in pediatric primary care: first do no harm

    Two important considerations arise from this IJHPR article from Zimmerman and colleagues. First, is the question regarding what can be considered a “common” procedure in primary care and whether the designatio...

    Gary L. Freed

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:57

    Published on: 10 December 2015

  12. Original research article

    A qualitative study of enablers and barriers influencing the incorporation of social accountability values into organisational culture: a perspective from two medical schools

    Definitions of social accountability describe the obligation of medical schools to direct education, research and service activities towards addressing the priority health concerns of the population they serve...

    Nicholas Leigh-Hunt, Laura Stroud, Deborah Murdoch Eaton and Mary Rudolf

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:48

    Published on: 10 December 2015

  13. Original research article

    Attitudes toward expanding nurses’ authority

    In recent years, an increasing number of care procedures previously under the physician’s authority have been placed in the hands of registered nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of...

    Hana Kerzman, Dina Van Dijk, Limor Eizenberg, Rut Khaikin, Shoshi Phridman, Maya Siman-Tov and Shoshi Goldberg

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:19

    Published on: 1 September 2015

  14. Commentary

    Challenges faced by Arab women who are interested in becoming physicians

    Understanding the underlying reasons for the under-representation of Arab women within the health care system in Israel is crucial for creating future strategies for intervention, in order to minimize the gaps...

    Bishara Bisharat and Abdalla Bowirrat

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:30

    Published on: 30 June 2015

  15. Original research article

    Smart marketing may improve public understanding of the anesthesia profession

    A 2005 survey led by the Israeli Society of Anesthesiologists (ISA) found that large parts of the Israeli public are not familiar with the profession of anesthesia. The ISA has subsequently been conducting a p...

    Barak Cohen, Daniel Ogorek, Stanislav Oifa, Anat Cattan and Idit Matot

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:16

    Published on: 15 June 2015

  16. Commentary

    Strengthening Israel’s neonatal intensive care nursing workforce

    Israel is experiencing a shortage of both physicians and nurses in a number of specialties, including neonatal intensive care. Inadequate hospital staffing and high patient demand contribute to the blurring of...

    Sunny G. Hallowell and Barbara Medoff-Cooper

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:24

    Published on: 15 May 2015

  17. Commentary

    In the digital world of the EMR, Open Notes change everything

    EMR use during medical visits has been found to distract physicians and negatively influence their ability to deliver patient-centered care. In this issue, Assis-Hassid and colleagues propose a redress of this...

    Debra L Roter

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:17

    Published on: 31 March 2015

  18. Commentary

    The redesign of the medical intern assignment mechanism in Israel

    A collaboration of medical professionals with economists and computer scientists involved in “market design” had led to the redesign of the clearinghouse assigning medical students to internships in Israel. Th...

    Alvin E Roth and Ran I Shorrer

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:11

    Published on: 25 March 2015

  19. Original research article

    Assigning Israeli medical graduates to internships

    Physicians in Israel are required to do an internship in an accredited hospital upon completion of the medical studies, and prior to receiving the medical license. For most students, the assignment is determin...

    Slava Bronfman, Avinatan Hassidim, Arnon Afek, Assaf Romm, Rony Shreberk, Ayal Hassidim and Anda Massler

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:6

    Published on: 20 March 2015

  20. Original research article

    Enhancing patient-doctor-computer communication in primary care: towards measurement construction

    The traditional dyadic dynamics of the medical encounter has been altered into a triadic relationship by introducing the computer into the examination room. This study defines Patient-Doctor-Computer Communica...

    Shiri Assis-Hassid, Iris Reychav, Tsipi Heart, Joseph S Pliskin and Shmuel Reis

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:4

    Published on: 23 February 2015

  21. Commentary

    High performance team-based care for persons with chronic conditions

    Care for patients with complex chronic conditions such as diabetes requires a coordinated and collaborative team working in partnership with the patient. Israel has taken important steps forward with the devel...

    Stephen C Schoenbaum and Sally Okun

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2015 4:8

    Published on: 19 February 2015

  22. Original research article

    Examining professional boundaries between nurses and physicians in neonatal intensive care units

    Medical and technological developments, financial constraints and a shortage of physicians have made it necessary to re-examine professional boundaries between physicians and nurses. Israel’s manpower shortage...

    Orly Toren, Nurit Nirel, Yehuda Tsur, Michal Lipschuetz and Asaf Toker

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2014 3:43

    Published on: 18 December 2014

  23. Commentary

    Extending the boundaries of family medicine to perform manual procedures

    A recent survey by Menahem and colleagues revealed that 65% of the surveyed primary care physicians reported that they performed any minor surgical procedures, and 46% reported performance of any musculoskelet...

    Haim Bitterman and Shlomo Vinker

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2014 3:35

    Published on: 28 October 2014

  24. Original research article

    Structured nursing follow-up: does it help in diabetes care?

    In 1995 Clalit Health Services introduced a structured follow-up schedule, by primary care nurses, of diabetic patients. This was supplementary care, given in addition to the family physician’s follow-up care....

    Michal Shani, Sasson Nakar, Alex Lustman, Amnon Lahad and Shlomo Vinker

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2014 3:27

    Published on: 29 August 2014

  25. Original research article

    Work practices and the provision of mental-health care on the verge of reform: a national survey of Israeli psychiatrists and psychologists

    The State of Israel is preparing to transfer legal responsibility for mental- health care from the government to the country’s four competing, nonprofit health-plans. A prominent feature of this reform is the ...

    Nurit Nirel and Hadar Samuel

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2014 3:25

    Published on: 22 July 2014

  26. Integrative article

    How can medical schools contribute to bringing about health equity?

    The role of medical schools is in a process of change. The World Health Organization has declared that they can no longer be ivory towers whose primary focus is the production of specialist physicians and cutt...

    Mary CJ Rudolf, Shmuel Reis, Trevor J Gibbs, Deborah Murdoch Eaton, David Stone, Michael Grady, Anita Berlin, Mitch Blair, Jumanah Essa-Hadad, Sivan Spitzer-Shohat and Michael Weingarten

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2014 3:17

    Published on: 27 May 2014

  27. Integrative article

    Participation of National Medical Associations in quality improvement activities - International comparison and the Israeli case

    Many countries have devoted considerable efforts in an attempt to improve the performance of their health care systems. National Medical Associations (NMAs), along with other stakeholders, play a part in the p...

    Baruch Levi, Malke Borow and Michelle Glekin

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2014 3:14

    Published on: 25 April 2014

  28. Commentary

    Is nursing shortage in Israel inevitable?

    Israel has a low density of professional nurses. New evidence suggests less than optimal hospital work environments may undermine efficient and effective delivery of nursing care and contribute to job dissatis...

    Linda H Aiken and Matthew D McHugh

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2014 3:10

    Published on: 25 March 2014

  29. Original research article

    Female physicians: trends and likely impacts on healthcare in Israel

    Female physicians have become an increasing proportion of the medical workforce in Israel. This study investigates this trend and discusses its likely impact on the quantity and quality of medical care available.

    Ziona Haklai, Yael Applbaum, Orna Tal, Myriam Aburbeh and Nehama F Goldberger

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2013 2:37

    Published on: 17 September 2013

  30. Commentary

    Policy lessons from physicians’ strikes

    Drawing upon the literature on physicians’ strikes from other OECD countries, the experience with physician strikes in Israel is put into comparative perspective. There are both structural and ideological fact...

    Gregory P Marchildon

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2013 2:34

    Published on: 17 September 2013

  31. Integrative article

    Recent physician strike in Israel: a health system under stress?

    In 2011, a series of physician strikes in Israel followed eight months of unsuccessful negotiations with the government (Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Finance). Strikes by physicians may be a warning ...

    Leonora G Weil, Gabi Bin Nun and Martin McKee

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2013 2:33

    Published on: 15 August 2013

  32. Original research article

    Compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction among family physicians in the Negev area - a cross-sectional study

    Compassion fatigue among health care professionals has gained interest over the past decade. Compassion fatigue, as well as burnout, has been associated with depersonalization and suboptimal patient care. Prof...

    Nurit El-bar, Amalia Levy, Hedy S Wald and Aya Biderman

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2013 2:31

    Published on: 15 August 2013

  33. Original research article

    Israeli medical students’ perceptions of six key medical specialties

    Choosing a medical specialty requires medical students to match their interests and social-cultural situations with their perceptions of the various specialties.

    Charles Weissman, Howard Tandeter, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Yoram G Weiss, Uriel Elchalal, Alex Avidan and Josh E Schroeder

    Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 2013 2:19

    Published on: 21 May 2013

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