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Gastrointestinal microbial ecology and functionality

Edited by: Prof Jianxin Liu, Prof Weiyun Zhu
for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 

In the past decades, the research on the gastrointestinal microbiology has been the most active research area, because the gastrointestinal microbes are related not only to the nutritional importance but also to the environmental and public health impacts. This collection of papers review the literature related to the latest advances in antimicrobial usage and resistance in beef production, rumen microbiome associated with methane emissions and its mitigation, gut mucosal immune system, rumen microbial function in degradation of toxic feed composition, microbiota-host interaction at the gut epithelial level, health and nutrition, and prospective strategies to modulate rumen microbes and fermentation.

  1. Content type: Review

    Fluoroacetate producing plants grow worldwide and it is believed they produce this toxic compound as a defence mechanism against grazing by herbivores. Ingestion by livestock often results in fatal poisonings,...

    Authors: Lex Ee Xiang Leong, Shahjalal Khan, Carl K. Davis, Stuart E. Denman and Chris S. McSweeney

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2017 8:55

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  2. Content type: Review

    Methanogenic archaea reside primarily in the rumen and the lower segments of the intestines of ruminants, where they utilize the reducing equivalents derived from rumen fermentation to reduce carbon dioxide, f...

    Authors: Amlan Patra, Tansol Park, Minseok Kim and Zhongtang Yu

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2017 8:13

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  3. Content type: Review

    Ruminants utilize a wide variety of dietary substrates that are not digestible by the mammals, through microbial fermentation taking place in the rumen. Recent advanced molecular based approaches have allowed ...

    Authors: Nilusha Malmuthuge and Le Luo Guan

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2017 8:8

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  4. Content type: Review

    Methane emissions from ruminant livestock contribute significantly to the large environmental footprint of agriculture. The rumen is the principal source of methane, and certain features of the microbiome are ...

    Authors: Ilma Tapio, Timothy J. Snelling, Francesco Strozzi and R. John Wallace

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2017 8:7

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  5. Content type: Review

    In the last five decades, attempts have been made to improve rumen fermentation and host animal nutrition through modulation of rumen microbiota. The goals have been decreasing methane production, partially in...

    Authors: Yasuo Kobayashi, Seongjin Oh, Htun Myint and Satoshi Koike

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2016 7:70

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  6. Content type: Review

    Antimicrobials are critical to contemporary high-intensity beef production. Many different antimicrobials are approved for beef cattle, and are used judiciously for animal welfare, and controversially, to prom...

    Authors: Andrew Cameron and Tim A. McAllister

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2016 7:68

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