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From farm to plate - make food safe

Many of us take it for granted that the food and water we consume is safe, but this is not the case for so many people around the world; the World Health Organization estimates that over 2 million deaths occur every year as a result of contaminated food or drinking water.

And for those who have access to safe food, do we question how the food and water arrived on our plates? How do farmers keep livestock safe from diseases?

World Health Day 2015 focuses on food safety, highlighting the importance of making food and water safe to consume. This series From farm to plate – make food safe features recently published articles from our microbiology and veterinary journals, investigating different aspects of food safety and security.

  1. Research

    Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Salmonella isolates in association with hygienic status from butcher shops in Gondar town, Ethiopia

    Salmonella has been recognized as a major cause of food borne illness associated with meat products worldwide. The wide spread of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella has been a serious global hu...

    Legesse Garedew, Zenabu Hagos, Zelalem Addis, Reta Tesfaye and Bidir Zegeye

    Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control 2015 4:21

    Published on: 15 May 2015

  2. Short report

    Emergence of Escherichia coli producing OXA-48 β-lactamase in the community in Switzerland

    The emergence and worldwide spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is of great concern to public health services. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of carbapenemase-producin...

    Katrin Zurfluh, Magdalena T Nüesch-Inderbinen, Laurent Poirel, Patrice Nordmann, Herbert Hächler and Roger Stephan

    Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control 2015 4:9

    Published on: 26 March 2015

  3. Review

    Should the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae be of wider concern for veterinary and medical science?

    The poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae is best known as a threat to the laying-hen industry; adversely affecting production and hen health and welfare throughout the globe, both directly and through its role a...

    David R George, Robert D Finn, Kirsty M Graham, Monique F Mul, Veronika Maurer, Claire Valiente Moro and Olivier AE Sparagano

    Parasites & Vectors 2015 8:178

    Published on: 25 March 2015

  4. Research

    Toxoplasma gondii in livestock in St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies

    Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous protozoan parasite capable of infecting all warm-blooded animals including livestock. In these animals, the parasite forms cysts in the tissues which ...

    Clare M Hamilton, Patrick J Kelly, Paul M Bartley, Alison Burrells, Alice Porco, Deidra Metzler, Kirsten Crouch, Jennifer K Ketzis, Elisabeth A Innes and Frank Katzer

    Parasites & Vectors 2015 8:166

    Published on: 18 March 2015

  5. Review

    The roles of water, sanitation and hygiene in reducing schistosomiasis: a review

    Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by infection with blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Transmission of, and exposure to, the parasite result from faecal or urinary contamination of freshwater containing int...

    Jack ET Grimes, David Croll, Wendy E Harrison, Jürg Utzinger, Matthew C Freeman and Michael R Templeton

    Parasites & Vectors 2015 8:156

    Published on: 13 March 2015

  6. Research

    Detection of new genetic variants of Betacoronaviruses in Endemic Frugivorous Bats of Madagascar

    Bats are amongst the natural reservoirs of many coronaviruses (CoVs) of which some can lead to severe infection in human. African bats are known to harbor a range of pathogens (e.g., Ebola and Marburg viruses)...

    Norosoa H Razanajatovo, Lalaina A Nomenjanahary, David A Wilkinson, Julie H Razafimanahaka, Steven M Goodman, Richard K Jenkins, Julia PG Jones and Jean-Michel Heraud

    Virology Journal 2015 12:42

    Published on: 12 March 2015

  7. Research

    Parental genetic diversity of brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario) brood stock affects offspring susceptibility to whirling disease

    Whirling disease, caused by the myxozoan parasite Myxobolus cerebralis, has high economical and ecological importance worldwide. Susceptibility to the disease varies considerably among salmonid species. In brown ...

    Edit Eszterbauer, Barbara Forró, Zoltán Tolnai, Csaba Ferenc Guti, Gergely Zsigmond, György Hoitsy and Dennis Marc Kallert

    Parasites & Vectors 2015 8:141

    Published on: 3 March 2015

  8. Methodology

    High-throughput phenotyping of seminal root traits in wheat

    Water availability is a major limiting factor for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in rain-fed agricultural systems worldwide. Root system architecture has important functional implications for the timing ...

    Cecile AI Richard, Lee T Hickey, Susan Fletcher, Raeleen Jennings, Karine Chenu and Jack T Christopher

    Plant Methods 2015 11:13

    Published on: 1 March 2015

  9. Research

    Cocktails of probiotics pre-adapted to multiple stress factors are more robust under simulated gastrointestinal conditions than their parental counterparts and exhibit enhanced antagonistic capabilities against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

    The success of the probiotics in delivery of health benefits depends on their ability to withstand the technological and gastrointestinal conditions; hence development of robust cultures is critical to the pro...

    Moloko Gloria Mathipa and Mapitsi Silvester Thantsha

    Gut Pathogens 2015 7:5

    Published on: 26 February 2015

  10. Research

    Grazing livestock are exposed to terrestrial cyanobacteria

    While toxins from aquatic cyanobacteria are a well-recognised cause of disease in birds and animals, exposure of grazing livestock to terrestrial cyanobacteria has not been described. This study identified ter...

    Bruce C McGorum, R Scott Pirie, Laura Glendinning, Gerry McLachlan, James S Metcalf, Sandra A Banack, Paul A Cox and Geoffrey A Codd

    Veterinary Research 2015 46:16

    Published on: 25 February 2015

  11. Research

    Molecular detection and characterization of Anaplasma spp. in sheep and cattle from Xinjiang, northwest China

    Anaplasmosis is caused by obligate intracellular bacteria in the genus Anaplasma. These bacterial pathogens are transmitted by ticks and impact both human and animal health. This study was conducted to determine ...

    Jifei Yang, Youquan Li, Zhijie Liu, Junlong Liu, Qingli Niu, Qiaoyun Ren, Ze Chen, Guiquan Guan, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Parasites & Vectors 2015 8:108

    Published on: 19 February 2015

  12. Research

    Changes in the risk management of Salmonella enterica subspecies diarizonae serovar 61:(k):1, 5, (7) in Swedish sheep herds and sheep meat due to the results of a prevalence study 2012

    The prevalence of Salmonella in food producing animals is very low in Sweden due to rigorous control programmes. However, no active surveillance is in place in sheep. The authorities decided to perform a prevalen...

    Kaisa Sörén, Mats Lindblad, Cecilia Jernberg, Erik Eriksson, Lennart Melin, Helene Wahlström and Maria Lundh

    Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2015 57:6

    Published on: 3 February 2015

  13. Research

    Disease screening profiles and colostrum management practices on 16 Irish suckler beef farms

    Calf output is a key element in determining the profitability of a suckler beef enterprise. Infectious agents such as Bovine Virus Diarrhoea (BVD) virus, colostrum management and parasitic challenge can all af...

    James O’Shaughnessy, Bernadette Earley, Damien Barrett, Michael L Doherty, Paul Crosson, Theo de Waal and John F Mee

    Irish Veterinary Journal 2015 68:1

    Published on: 16 January 2015

  14. Research

    Transcript changes in Vibrio cholerae in response to salt stress

    Vibrio cholerae, which is a serious human intestinal pathogen, often resides and thrives in estuaries but requires major self-regulation to overcome intestinal hyperosmotic stress or high salt stress in water and...

    Xiuping Fu, Weili Liang, Pengcheng Du, Meiying Yan and Biao Kan

    Gut Pathogens 2014 6:47

    Published on: 30 December 2014

  15. Research

    No transmission of hepatitis E virus in pigs fed diets containing commercial spray-dried porcine plasma: a retrospective study of samples from several swine trials

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has been reported in the human population and pigs are a recognized reservoir for HEV and a possible source of HEV transmission to humans. Spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP) is an ingred...

    Joan Pujols, Carmen Rodríguez, Nuria Navarro, Sonia Pina-Pedrero, Joy M Campbell, Joe Crenshaw and Javier Polo

    Virology Journal 2014 11:232

    Published on: 24 December 2014

  16. Research

    A survey of management practices on Irish dairy farms with emphasis on risk factors for Johne’s disease transmission

    Johne’s disease (JD) is a chronic granulomatous enteritis affecting ruminants. A number of farm management practices are associated with increased risk of JD transmission. The aim of the current study was to d...

    Aideen E Kennedy, Eugene F O’Doherty, Noel Byrne, Jim O’Mahony, E M Kennedy and Riona G Sayers

    Irish Veterinary Journal 2014 67:27

    Published on: 24 December 2014

  17. Research article

    Stress tolerant virulent strains of Cronobacter sakazakii from food

    Cronobacter sakazakii is considered as an emerging foodborne pathogen. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize virulent strains of Cronobacter sakazakii from food samples of Bangladesh.

    Md Fakruddin, Mizanur Rahaman, Monzur Morshed Ahmed and Md Mahfuzul Hoque

    Biological Research 2014 47:63

    Published on: 25 November 2014

  18. Research

    Patterns of between-farm contacts via professionals in Sweden

    Infectious diseases of livestock have negative consequences for animal production as well as animal health and welfare and can be transmitted between farms via direct (live animal movements) as well as indirec...

    Emelie Olofsson, Maria Nöremark and Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2014 56:70

    Published on: 4 November 2014

  19. Research

    Synergistic effects of Bifidobacterium thermophilum RBL67 and selected prebiotics on inhibition of Salmonella colonization in the swine proximal colon PolyFermS model

    Probiotics and prebiotics are promising strategies to counteract Salmonella prevalence in swine. In the present study, we investigated the effects of prebiotics (fructo- (FOS), galacto- (GOS) and mannan- (MOS) ol...

    Sabine Amani Tanner, Christophe Chassard, Annina Zihler Berner and Christophe Lacroix

    Gut Pathogens 2014 6:44

    Published on: 24 October 2014

  20. Short report

    Perception of the HACCP system operators on livestock product manufacturers

    The purpose of this study was to investigate crucial factors on HACCP system implementation in domestic livestock product plants, and to offer job satisfaction and the career prospect of HACCP system operators...

    Jung-Hyun Kim, Ki-Chang Nam, Cheorun Jo and Dong-Gyun Lim

    Journal of Animal Science and Technology 2014 56:19

    Published on: 24 September 2014

  21. Review

    Food taboos: their origins and purposes

    Food taboos are known from virtually all human societies. Most religions declare certain food items fit and others unfit for human consumption. Dietary rules and regulations may govern particular phases of the...

    Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow

    Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2009 5:18

    Published on: 29 June 2009

  22. Review

    Biodiversity, traditional medicine and public health: where do they meet?

    Given the increased use of traditional medicines, possibilities that would ensure its successful integration into a public health framework should be explored. This paper discusses some of the links between bi...

    Rômulo RN Alves and Ierecê ML Rosa

    Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2007 3:14

    Published on: 21 March 2007

  23. Review

    Role of cholesterol in parasitic infections

    The requirement of cholesterol for internalization of eukaryotic pathogens like protozoa (Leishmaniasis, Malaria and Toxoplasmosis) and the exchange of cholesterol along with other metabolites during reproduction...

    Devendra Bansal, Harinderpal Singh Bhatti and Rakesh Sehgal

    Lipids in Health and Disease 2005 4:10

    Published on: 9 May 2005