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Female genital mutilation/cutting

©  Blatant WorldReproductive Health is eager to contribute to decreasing FGM/C and episiotomies by publishing a variety of research and information related to FGM/C.

Submissions can be in a variety of formats, such as personal testimonies, case studies, descriptions of programs, and reports of interventions that have been tested and shown to decrease FGM/C or episiotomies. We will encourage publication about these programs at local, regional or hospital level and also changes over time of prevalence/ incidence. Read the editorial here.

  1. We examined the evidence derived from healthcare professionals’ interfacing with women with female genital mutilation (FGM) to comprehend the referral pathways available to these women in Australia.

    Authors: Carolyne Njue, Edward K. Ameyaw, Bright O. Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu and Samuel Kimani
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:223
  2. Studies have shown the impact of female genital mutilation (FGM), especially infibulation (WHO type III), on reproductive health, and adverse obstetric outcomes like postpartum haemorrhage and obstructed labou...

    Authors: Saverio Bellizzi, Lale Say, Arash Rashidian, Michel Boulvain and Jasmine Abdulcadir
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:68
  3. Female genital mutilation (FGM) can give rise to immediate and long-term health problems for girls/women. Numerous studies have identified the sociocultural determinants of this tradition, but so far, in a nat...

    Authors: Marie-Hélène Doucet, Alexandre Delamou, Hawa Manet and Danielle Groleau
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:61

    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2020 17:113

  4. Female Genital Mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a tradition rooted in culture and involves the partial or total removal or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. In Kenya, initiatives ...

    Authors: Purity Mwendwa, Naomi Mutea, Mary Joy Kaimuri, Aoife De Brún and Thilo Kroll
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2020 17:30
  5. Although Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is internationally considered a harmful practice, it is increasingly being medicalized allegedly to reduce its negative health effects, and is thus suggested ...

    Authors: Els Leye, Nina Van Eekert, Simukai Shamu, Tammary Esho and Hazel Barrett
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:158
  6. In Liberia, approximately 70% of the women of the North-Central and North-Western regions could have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in their childhood during a traditional ceremony marking...

    Authors: Christine K. Tarr-Attia, Grace Hawa Boiwu and Guillermo Martínez-Pérez
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2019 16:18
  7. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice prevalent in 35 countries, mainly in Africa, as well as in some Middle Eastern countries and a few Asian countries. FGM comprises all procedures that invol...

    Authors: Gro Møller Christoffersen, Peter James Bruhn, Rosanna de Neergaard, Susanne Engel and Vibeke Naeser
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:59
  8. Religious leaders are one of the key actors in the issue of female genital cutting (FGC) due to the influential position they have in the community and the frequent association of FGC with the religion. This s...

    Authors: Hamdia M. Ahmed, Mosleh S. Kareem, Nazar P. Shabila and Barzhang Q. Mzori
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15:44
  9. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has been implicated in sexual complications among women, although there is paucity of research evidence on sexual experiences among married women who have undergone th...

    Authors: Tammary Esho, Samuel Kimani, Isaac Nyamongo, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Christine Kigondu, Patrick Ndavi and Jaldesa Guyo
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:164
  10. World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for no...

    Authors: Yohannes Mehretie Adinew and Beza Tamirat Mekete
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:162
  11. Improving healthcare providers’ capacities of prevention and treatment of female genital mutilation (FGM) is important given the fact that 200 million women and girls globally are living with FGM. However, tra...

    Authors: Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lale Say and Christina Pallitto
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:64
  12. The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the ma...

    Authors: Nesrin Varol, John J. Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani and Angela Dawson
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:63
  13. Two hundred million girls and women in the world are estimated to have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), and another 15 million girls are at risk of experiencing it by 2020 in high prevalence countrie...

    Authors: Rajat Khosla, Joya Banerjee, Doris Chou, Lale Say and Susana T. Fried
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:59
  14. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional harmful practice that can cause severe physical and psychological damages to girls and women. Increasingly, trained health-care providers carry out the practice...

    Authors: Marie-Hélène Doucet, Christina Pallitto and Danielle Groleau
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:46
  15. It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total o...

    Authors: Lillian Mwanri and Glory Joy Gatwiri
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:38
  16. The most pervasive form of female genital mutilation/cutting—infibulation—involves the almost complete closure of the vaginal orifice by cutting and closing the labia to create a skin seal. A small opening rem...

    Authors: R. Elise B. Johansen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2017 14:25
  17. Over the past few years the issue of child marriage has received growing political and programmatic attention. In spite of some progress in a number of countries, global rates have not declined over the past d...

    Authors: Joar Svanemyr, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Anita Raj, Ellen Travers and Lakshmi Sundaram
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2015 12:80
  18. Every social grouping in the world has its own cultural practices and beliefs which guide its members on how they should live or behave. Harmful traditional practices that affect children are Female genital mu...

    Authors: Kahsu Gebrekirstos, Mesfin Abebe and Atsede Fantahun
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2014 11:46
  19. This year’s Women Deliver conference made a strong call for investing in the health and development of adolescents and young people. It highlighted the unique problems faced by adolescent girls and young women...

    Authors: Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Rena Greifinger, Adaeze Nwosu, Gwyn Hainsworth, Lakshmi Sundaram, Sheena Hadi, Fran McConville, Regina Benevides, Callie Simon, Archana Patkar, Eva Schoening, Disha Sethi, Amy Boldosser-Boesch, Prateek Awasthi, Arvind Mathur and Doortje Braeken
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2013 10:51
  20. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful traditional practice with severe health complications, deeply rooted in many Sub-Saharan African countries. In The Gambia, the prevalence of FGM/C is 78.3...

    Authors: Adriana Kaplan, Suiberto Hechavarría, Miguel Martín and Isabelle Bonhoure
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2011 8:26