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Complex needs in justice-involved populations

New Content Item

Edited by
Stuart Kinner, Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Australia

The Editors of Health & Justice are proud to launch a new special issue of the journal, exploring the complex health and social needs of justice-involved populations. People who cycle through the criminal justice system are characterised by a high prevalence of health-related problems such as substance dependence, mental disorder, infectious and chronic disease, and intellectual disability. These problems are typically set against a backdrop of extreme social disadvantage; they often co-occur and sometimes interact in a 'syndemic' fashion. However, despite a large and growing literature on the health of justice-involved populations, comparatively few papers have considered the co-occurrence of these needs, or the implications of this complexity for policy or service responses.

Full-length empirical papers, systematic reviews and brief reports are considered. Both adults and young people in the juvenile justice system are in scope.

​​​​​​​Pic by NY - under CC BY-SA 3.0

  1. Survivors of sexual abuse and their families seek help from criminal law enforcement agencies and health professionals to obtain justice and health care. Many communities have implemented multi-professional co...

    Authors: Nuno Coelho, Anabela Neves and João Gregório
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:33
  2. Young people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) can face significant challenges in their lives, including overrepresentation in the justice system from a young age. Police questioning and court procee...

    Authors: Rebecca Anne Pedruzzi, Olivia Hamilton, Helena H. A. Hodgson, Elizabeth Connor, Elvira Johnson and James Fitzpatrick
    Citation: Health & Justice 2021 9:8
  3. Individuals with mental illness and co-occurring substance use disorders often rapidly cycle through the justice system with multiple arrests. Therefore, is it imperative to examine the prevalence of mental he...

    Authors: Lauren A. Magee, J. Dennis Fortenberry, Marc Rosenman, Matthew C. Aalsma, Sami Gharbi and Sarah E. Wiehe
    Citation: Health & Justice 2021 9:2
  4. The number of older adults in the criminal justice system is rapidly increasing. While this population is thought to experience an early onset of aging-related health conditions (“accelerated aging”), studies ...

    Authors: Meredith Greene, Cyrus Ahalt, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Lia Metzger and Brie Williams
    Citation: Health & Justice 2018 6:3
  5. There are no population statistics collected on a routine basis on the children of prisoners in Australia. Accordingly, their potential vulnerability to adverse outcomes remains unclear. This study draws on li...

    Authors: Caitlin McMillen Dowell, Gloria C. Mejia, David B. Preen and Leonie Segal
    Citation: Health & Justice 2018 6:2
  6. Given the well-established evidence of disproportionately high rates of substance-related morbidity and mortality after release from incarceration for Indigenous Australians, access to comprehensive, effective...

    Authors: Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft and Anton Clifford
    Citation: Health & Justice 2017 5:12

    The Correction to this article has been published in Health & Justice 2018 6:5

  7. Incarcerated populations are disproportionately burdened by hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The introduction of highly-effective, direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment has potential to substantially reduc...

    Authors: Karli R. Hochstatter, Lauren J. Stockman, Ryan Holzmacher, James Greer, David W. Seal, Quinton A. Taylor, Emma K. Gill and Ryan P. Westergaard
    Citation: Health & Justice 2017 5:10
  8. While most people living with HIV who are incarcerated in United States receive appropriate HIV care while they are in prison, interruptions in antiretroviral therapy and virologic failure are extremely common...

    Authors: Rebecca Kemnitz, Theresa C. Kuehl, Karli R. Hochstatter, Emily Barker, Anna Corey, Elizabeth A. Jacobs, Michael D. Repplinger, William J. Ehlenbach, David W. Seal, James M. Sosman and Ryan P. Westergaard
    Citation: Health & Justice 2017 5:7