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Study Designs of Trials within CHART: the Consortium of Hospitals Advancing Research on Tobacco

An article collection published in Trials.

The Consortium of Hospitals Advancing Research on Tobacco (CHART) is a network of six projects funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research (OBSSR) along with a seventh project funded previously under the NIH Challenge grants. The CHART projects are assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of various smoking cessation interventions initiated during hospitalization and continued post-discharge.

  1. Extended smoking cessation follow-up after hospital discharge significantly increases abstinence. Hospital smoke-free policies create a period of ‘forced abstinence’ for smokers, thus providing an opportunity ...

    Authors: Jeffrey L Fellows, Richard Mularski, Lisa Waiwaiole, Kim Funkhouser, Julie Mitchell, Kathleen Arnold and Sabrina Luke
    Citation: Trials 2012 13:129
  2. Hospitalized smokers often quit smoking, voluntarily or involuntarily; most relapse soon after discharge. Extended follow-up counseling can help prevent relapse. However, it is difficult for hospitals to provi...

    Authors: Sharon Cummins, Shu-Hong Zhu, Anthony Gamst, Carrie Kirby, Kendra Brandstein, Hillary Klonoff-Cohen, Edward Chaplin, Timothy Morris, Gregory Seymann and Joshua Lee
    Citation: Trials 2012 13:128
  3. Post-discharge support is a key component of effective treatment for hospitalized smokers, but few hospitals provide it. Many hospitals and care settings fax-refer smokers to quitlines for follow-up; however, ...

    Authors: Kimber P Richter, Babalola Faseru, Laura M Mussulman, Edward F Ellerbeck, Theresa I Shireman, Jamie J Hunt, Beatriz H Carlini, Kristopher J Preacher, Candace L Ayars and David J Cook
    Citation: Trials 2012 13:127
  4. Hospitalization may be a particularly important time to promote smoking cessation, especially in the immediate post-discharge period. However, there are few studies to date that shed light on the most effectiv...

    Authors: Ellie Grossman, Donna Shelley, R Scott Braithwaite, Iryna Lobach, Ana Goffin, Erin Rogers and Scott Sherman
    Citation: Trials 2012 13:126
  5. The objectives of this smoking cessation study among hospitalized smokers are to: 1) determine provider and patient receptivity, barriers, and facilitators to implementing the nurse-administered, inpatient Tob...

    Authors: Sonia A Duffy, David L Ronis, Marita G Titler, Frederic C Blow, Neil Jordan, Patricia L Thomas, Gay L Landstrom, Lee A Ewing and Andrea H Waltje
    Citation: Trials 2012 13:125
  6. A hospital admission offers smokers an opportunity to quit. Smoking cessation counseling provided in the hospital is effective, but only if it continues for more than one month after discharge. Providing smoki...

    Authors: Sandra J Japuntich, Susan Regan, Joseph Viana, Justyna Tymoszczuk, Michele Reyen, Douglas E Levy, Daniel E Singer, Elyse R Park, Yuchiao Chang and Nancy A Rigotti
    Citation: Trials 2012 13:124
  7. E-health tools are a new mechanism to expand patient care, allowing supplemental resources to usual care, including enhanced patient-provider communication. These applications to smoking cessation have yet to ...

    Authors: Kathleen F Harrington, Julie A McDougal, Maria Pisu, Bin Zhang, Rajani S Sadasivam, Thomas K Houston and William C Bailey
    Citation: Trials 2012 13:123