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Biomarkers in Food and Nutrition Research

Edited by Prof Lars Ove Dragsted and Dr Giuditta Perozzi

This new series from Genes and Nutrition outlines the needs and importance of dietary and health biomarkers. In the dietary and health research area, biomarkers are extensively used for multiple purposes. These include biomarkers of dietary intake and nutrient status, biomarkers used to measure the biological effects of specific dietary components, and biomarkers to assess the effects of diet on health. The implementation of biomarkers in nutritional research will be important to improve measurements of dietary intake, exposure to specific dietary components, and of compliance to dietary interventions. Biomarkers could also help with improved characterization of nutritional status in study volunteers and to provide much mechanistic insight into the effects of food components and diets. Although hundreds of papers in nutrition are published annually, there is no current ontology for the area, no generally accepted classification terminology for biomarkers in nutrition and health, no systematic validation scheme for these biomarker classes, and no recent systematic review of all proposed biomarkers for food intake. While advanced databases exist for the human and food metabolomes, additional tools are needed to curate and evaluate current data on dietary and health biomarkers.  

This collection of articles has not been sponsored and articles have undergone the journal’s standard peer-review process. The Guest Editors declare no competing interests.

View all collections published in Genes and Nutrition.

  1. Content type: Review

    Cereal foods are major contributors to the daily energy, protein, and dietary fiber intake all over the world. The role of cereals in human health is dependent on whether they are consumed as refined or whole ...

    Authors: Rikard Landberg, Kati Hanhineva, Kieran Tuohy, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Izabela Biskup, Rafael Llorach, Xiaofei Yin, Lorraine Brennan and Marjukka Kolehmainen

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2019 14:28

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  2. Content type: Review

    Seaweeds are marine macroalgae, some of which are edible. They are rich in specific dietary fibers and also contain other characteristic biological constituents. Biological activities have been investigated ma...

    Authors: Muyao Xi and Lars O. Dragsted

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2019 14:24

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  3. Content type: Review

    Culinary herbs and spices have been used as both food flavoring and food preservative agents for centuries. Moreover, due to their known and presumptive health benefits, herbs and spices have also been used in...

    Authors: Rosa Vázquez-Fresno, Albert Remus R. Rosana, Tanvir Sajed, Tuviere Onookome-Okome, Noah A. Wishart and David S. Wishart

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2019 14:18

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  4. Content type: Review

    Tubers are important crops as well as staple foods in human nutrition. Among tubers, the potato in particular has been investigated for its health effects. However, except for its contribution to energy and ef...

    Authors: Xiaomin Zhou, Qian Gao, Giulia Praticò, Jie Chen and Lars Ove Dragsted

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2019 14:9

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  5. Content type: Review

    Nuts and vegetable oils are important sources of fat and of a wide variety of micronutrients and phytochemicals. Following their intake, several of their constituents, as well as their derived metabolites, are...

    Authors: Mar Garcia-Aloy, Paul J. M. Hulshof, Sheila Estruel-Amades, Maryse C. J. Osté, Maria Lankinen, Johanna M. Geleijnse, Janette de Goede, Marynka Ulaszewska, Fulvio Mattivi, Stephan J. L. Bakker, Ursula Schwab and Cristina Andres-Lacueva

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2019 14:7

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  6. Content type: Review

    Allium vegetables are widely consumed around the world and are known for their potential bioactive components improving human health. These effects have been extensively investigated; however, the results were in...

    Authors: Giulia Praticò, Qian Gao, Claudine Manach and Lars O. Dragsted

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:34

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  7. Content type: Review

    Fruit is a key component of a healthy diet. However, it is still not clear whether some classes of fruit may be more beneficial than others and whether all individuals whatever their age, gender, health status...

    Authors: Marynka Ulaszewska, Natalia Vázquez-Manjarrez, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Rafael Llorach, Fulvio Mattivi, Lars O. Dragsted, Giulia Praticò and Claudine Manach

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:29

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  8. Content type: Review

    Dairy and egg products constitute an important part of Western diets as they represent an excellent source of high-quality proteins, vitamins, minerals and fats. Dairy and egg products are highly diverse and t...

    Authors: Linda H Münger, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Rosa Vázquez-Fresno, Doreen Gille, Albert Remus R Rosana, Anna Passerini, María-Trinidad Soria-Florido, Grégory Pimentel, Tanvir Sajed, David S Wishart, Cristina Andres Lacueva, Guy Vergères and Giulia Praticò

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:26

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  9. Content type: Review

    There is a growing interest in assessing dietary intake more accurately across different population groups, and biomarkers have emerged as a complementary tool to replace traditional dietary assessment methods...

    Authors: Pedapati S. C. Sri Harsha, Roshaida Abdul Wahab, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Francisco Madrid-Gambin, Sheila Estruel-Amades, Bernhard Watzl, Cristina Andrés-Lacueva and Lorraine Brennan

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:25

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:27

  10. Content type: Review

    Non-alcoholic beverages are important sources of nutrients and bioactive compounds that may influence human health and increase or decrease the risk of chronic diseases. A wide variety of beverage constituents...

    Authors: Joseph A. Rothwell, Francisco Madrid-Gambin, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Cristina Andres-Lacueva, Caomhan Logue, Alison M. Gallagher, Carina Mack, Sabine E. Kulling, Qian Gao, Giulia Praticò, Lars O. Dragsted and Augustin Scalbert

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:15

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  11. Content type: Review

    Biomarkers of food intake (BFIs) are a promising tool for limiting misclassification in nutrition research where more subjective dietary assessment instruments are used. They may also be used to assess complia...

    Authors: L. O. Dragsted, Q. Gao, A. Scalbert, G. Vergères, M. Kolehmainen, C. Manach, L. Brennan, L. A. Afman, D. S. Wishart, C. Andres Lacueva, M. Garcia-Aloy, H. Verhagen, E. J. M. Feskens and G. Praticò

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:14

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  12. Content type: Research

    The multidisciplinary nature of nutrition research is one of its main strengths. At the same time, however, it presents a major obstacle to integrate data analysis, especially for the terminological and semant...

    Authors: Francesco Vitali, Rosario Lombardo, Damariz Rivero, Fulvio Mattivi, Pietro Franceschi, Alessandra Bordoni, Alessia Trimigno, Francesco Capozzi, Giovanni Felici, Francesco Taglino, Franco Miglietta, Nathalie De Cock, Carl Lachat, Bernard De Baets, Guy De Tré, Mariona Pinart…

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:12

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  13. Content type: Review

    Identification of new biomarkers of food and nutrient intake has developed fast over the past two decades and could potentially provide important new tools for compliance monitoring and dietary intake assessme...

    Authors: Giulia Praticò, Qian Gao, Augustin Scalbert, Guy Vergères, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Claudine Manach, Lorraine Brennan, Sri Harsha Pedapati, Lydia A. Afman, David S. Wishart, Rosa Vázquez-Fresno, Cristina Andres-Lacueva, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Hans Verhagen, Edith J. M. Feskens and Lars O. Dragsted

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2018 13:3

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  14. Content type: Review

    Biomarkers are an efficient means to examine intakes or exposures and their biological effects and to assess system susceptibility. Aided by novel profiling technologies, the biomarker research field is underg...

    Authors: Qian Gao, Giulia Praticò, Augustin Scalbert, Guy Vergères, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Claudine Manach, Lorraine Brennan, Lydia A. Afman, David S. Wishart, Cristina Andres-Lacueva, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Hans Verhagen, Edith J. M. Feskens and Lars O. Dragsted

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2017 12:34

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    In the dietary and health research area, biomarkers are extensively used for multiple purposes. These include biomarkers of dietary intake and nutrient status, biomarkers used to measure the biological effects...

    Authors: Lars O. Dragsted, Qian Gao, Giulia Praticò, Claudine Manach, David S. Wishart, Augustin Scalbert and Edith J. M. Feskens

    Citation: Genes & Nutrition 2017 12:24

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