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Microbiome research

Microorganisms can be found across all environments as well as in our body, where they take an essential part in the regulation of the organism and host responses, including immunity, hormonal effects and metabolism. In the last decade, a growing body of scientific interest has linked nutrition and the environment to the microbiota and indeed, it is evident how this plays a pivotal role to overall health. Here, we selected a list of interesting scientific papers describing distinct aspects of the microbiome, with an emphasis on the microbiomes of built environments.

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  1. The response rate to obeticholic acid (OCA), a potential therapeutic agent for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, is limited. This study demonstrated that upregulation of the alternative bile acid synthesis pa...

    Authors: Seung Min Lee, Dae Won Jun, Eileen Laurel Yoon, Ju Hee Oh, Yoon Jin Roh, Eun Jeoung Lee, Ji-Hee Shin, Young-Do Nam and Hyun Sung Kim
    Citation: Biology Direct 2023 18:50
  2. Radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIPF) is a major side effect experienced for patients with thoracic cancers after radiotherapy. RIPF is poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options available in clinic. La...

    Authors: Zhao Ju, Huiji Pan, Can Qu, Liang Xiao, Meiling Zhou, Yin Wang, Jinhua Luo, Liangfang Shen, Pingkun Zhou and Ruixue Huang
    Citation: Biology Direct 2023 18:2
  3. Until recently, our planet was thought to be home to ~ 107 species, largely belonging to plants and animals. Despite being the most abundant organisms on Earth, the contribution of microbial life to global biodiv...

    Authors: Jay T. Lennon and Kenneth J. Locey
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:5
  4. Accumulating evidence suggests that the human microbiome impacts individual and public health. City subway systems are human-dense environments, where passengers often exchange microbes. The MetaSUB project pa...

    Authors: Chengsheng Zhu, Maximilian Miller, Nick Lusskin, Yannick Mahlich, Yanran Wang, Zishuo Zeng and Yana Bromberg
    Citation: Biology Direct 2019 14:19
  5. The availability of hundreds of city microbiome profiles allows the development of increasingly accurate predictors of the origin of a sample based on its microbiota composition. Typical microbiome studies inv...

    Authors: Carlos S. Casimiro-Soriguer, Carlos Loucera, Javier Perez Florido, Daniel López-López and Joaquin Dopazo
    Citation: Biology Direct 2019 14:15
  6. In the recent years, genomic and pan-genomic studies have become increasingly important. Culturomics allows to study human microbiota through the use of different culture conditions, coupled with a method of r...

    Authors: Aurélia Caputo, Pierre-Edouard Fournier and Didier Raoult
    Citation: Biology Direct 2019 14:5