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Humanity is the result of an incredibly long and complex transformation of life, where high individual variability in species movement and foraging ecology - along the flexibility that imparts - have allowed species to flourish during rapid environmental changes. Here, we selected a list of interesting scientific papers describing distinct aspects of evolution at the genetic or biochemical level, as well as its liaison with the current complexity of the underlying molecular mechanisms.

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  1. Prior research has highlighted the involvement of a transcriptional complex comprising C-terminal binding protein 2 (CtBP2), histone acetyltransferase p300, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in the transactiv...

    Authors: Fan Li, Wenqing Yan, Weihua Dong, Zhiping Chen and Zhi Chen
    Citation: Biology Direct 2024 19:48
  2. C-to-U RNA editing in plants is believed to confer its evolutionary adaptiveness by reversing unfavorable DNA mutations. This “restorative hypothesis” has not yet been tested genome-wide. In contrast, A-to-I R...

    Authors: Yuange Duan, Ye Xu, Fan Song, Li Tian, Wanzhi Cai and Hu Li
    Citation: Biology Direct 2023 18:47
  3. Many hypotheses have been proposed for how sexual reproduction may facilitate an increase in the population mean fitness, such as the Fisher-Muller theory, Muller’s ratchet and others. According to the recentl...

    Authors: Liudmyla Vasylenko, Marcus W. Feldman and Adi Livnat
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:26
  4. The origin of the selective nuclear protein import machinery, which consists of nuclear pore complexes and adaptor molecules interacting with the nuclear localization signals (NLSs) of cargo molecules, is one ...

    Authors: Olga M. Lisitsyna, Margarita A. Kurnaeva, Eugene A. Arifulin, Maria Y. Shubina, Yana R. Musinova, Andrey A. Mironov and Eugene V. Sheval
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:9
  5. Accurate classification of different Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) species is essential for therapy, prognosis assessment and research. The taxonomic status of BCC remains problematic and an improved knowled...

    Authors: Yuan Jin, Jianglin Zhou, Jing Zhou, Mingda Hu, Qi Zhang, Na Kong, Hongguang Ren, Long Liang and Junjie Yue
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:6