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Bacteriophage Ecology and Evolution

Thematic Series

Edited by Dr Hugo Oliveira and Dr Joana Azeredo.

This article collection, published in Virology Journal, is intended to give new insights to the current knowledge of bacteriophage ecology and genome evolution, a topic that has gained a renewed interest with the increased capacity to investigate the composition and dynamics of microbial communities that colonize diverse habitats, due to the advance of high-throughput sequencing technologies.  

Bacteriophages, or simply phages, are viruses that exclusively infect and kill bacteria. Although being very simple in composition and replication, they are the most abundant biological entities on earth, are extremely dynamic and highly genetically diverse and have extreme natural adaptability. Moreover, phages contribute to maintenance of ecological balance and evolution of bacterial species, since they constitute major vehicles for horizontal gene transfer and encode numerous virulence and fitness factors that provide the hosts with novel virulence properties. Because of that, phages help shaping complex microbial populations and their evolution is closely related with complex ecologic phenomena driven by natural competition and by adaptation of phages (and hosts) to new environments. 

Thus, this special issue will try to 1) elucidate phage-host interactions with significant impact on the clinical and environmental area; 2) understand how such particular interactions might affect the evolution of phage populations and 3) identify new phage species (and their genomes) that target unusual hosts of diverse environments.

Specifically original works and reviews focusing on phage population and community ecology, phage-host interaction, and integrated genomics and post-genomics approaches in microbial ecology are welcome.

View all collections in Virology Journal.

Back to Virology Journal homepage.

  1. Most phages infect free-living bacteria but a few have been identified that infect heritable symbionts of insects or other eukaryotes. Heritable symbionts are usually specialized and isolated from other bacter...

    Authors: Bret M. Boyd, Germain Chevignon, Vilas Patel, Kerry M. Oliver and Michael R. Strand
    Citation: Virology Journal 2021 18:219
  2. The host-unrestricted, non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) and the serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) are major causative agents of food-borne gastroenteritis, and the host-re...

    Authors: Marta Kuźmińska-Bajor, Paulina Śliwka, Maciej Ugorski, Paweł Korzeniowski, Aneta Skaradzińska, Maciej Kuczkowski, Magdalena Narajaczyk, Alina Wieliczko and Rafał Kolenda
    Citation: Virology Journal 2021 18:183
  3. Infections caused by protozoan parasites burden the world with huge costs in terms of human and animal health. Most parasitic diseases caused by protozoans are neglected, particularly those associated with pov...

    Authors: Paul Barrow, Jean Claude Dujardin, Nicolas Fasel, Alex D. Greenwood, Klaus Osterrieder, George Lomonossoff, Pier Luigi Fiori, Robert Atterbury, Matteo Rossi and Marco Lalle
    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:142
  4. Sanitary quality of recreational waters worldwide is assessed using fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), such as Escherichia coli and enterococci. However, fate and transport characteristics of FIB in aquatic habitats...

    Authors: Brian R. McMinn, Eric R. Rhodes, Emma M. Huff and Asja Korajkic
    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:1
  5. Since the discovery of mimivirus, numerous giant viruses associated with free-living amoebae have been described. The genome of giant viruses can be more than 2.5 megabases, and virus particles can exceed the ...

    Authors: Graziele Oliveira, Bernard La Scola and Jônatas Abrahão
    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:126