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Advances on the interactions among nutrition, genomics, and physiology in dairy cattle

Edited by: Prof Juan J. Loor

Research over the past few decades underscores that cellular and organ systems within the dairy cow interact in a coordinated fashion to regulate metabolism and immune function, all of which influence nutrient use efficiency. In this Special Issue, papers review the state of knowledge regarding essential nutrients, bioactive compounds, and key physiologic components that in concert help regulate dairy cattle function during various stages of the life cycle. Topics encompassed range from basic discovery research on how essential nutrients and novel bioactive compounds alter tissue function to applied principles and practical feeding approaches considering new knowledge of the biological components of feed efficiency. 

This series was published in Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

  1. We aimed to characterize the protective effects and the molecular mechanisms of action of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (NTK) in response to a mastitis challenge. Eighteen mid-lactation multipar...

    Authors: M. Vailati-Riboni, D. N. Coleman, V. Lopreiato, A. Alharthi, R. E. Bucktrout, E. Abdel-Hamied, I. Martinez-Cortes, Y. Liang, E. Trevisi, I. Yoon and J. J. Loor

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2021 12:62

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Nutritional management in the dry period can alter body condition score (BCS) in dairy cows, a subjective measure of body fat. As such, differences in BCS during late-pregnancy not only mirror nutrient utiliza...

    Authors: A. S. Alharthi, D. N. Coleman, I. A. Alhidary, M. M. Abdelrahman, E. Trevisi and J. J. Loor

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2021 12:44

    Content type: Research

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  3. Dairy cattle undergo dramatic metabolic, endocrine, physiologic and immune changes during the peripartal period largely due to combined increases in energy requirements for fetal growth and development, milk p...

    Authors: Danielle N. Coleman, Abdulrahman S. Alharthi, Yusheng Liang, Matheus Gomes Lopes, Vincenzo Lopreiato, Mario Vailati-Riboni and Juan J. Loor

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2021 12:27

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  4. High producing dairy cows generally receive in the diet up to 5–6% of fat. This is a relatively low amount of fat in the diet compared to diets in monogastrics; however, dietary fat is important for dairy cows...

    Authors: Massimo Bionaz, Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez and Sebastiano Busato

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2020 11:110

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  5. For dairy production systems, nitrogen is an expensive nutrient and potentially harmful waste product. With three quarters of fed nitrogen ending up in the manure, significant research efforts have focused on ...

    Authors: Virginia L. Pszczolkowski and Sebastian I. Arriola Apelo

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2020 11:108

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  6. The transition period of dairy cattle is characterized by a number of metabolic, endocrine, physiologic, and immune adaptations, including the occurrence of negative energy balance, hypocalcemia, liver dysfunc...

    Authors: Vincenzo Lopreiato, Matteo Mezzetti, Luca Cattaneo, Giulia Ferronato, Andrea Minuti and Erminio Trevisi

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2020 11:96

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  7. In dairy cows circulating non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) increase early post-partum while liver and other tissues undergo adaptation to greater lipid metabolism, mainly regulated by peroxisome proliferator-...

    Authors: Sebastiano Busato and Massimo Bionaz

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2020 11:91

    Content type: Research

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  8. Understanding the mechanisms of N utilization for lactation can lead to improved requirement estimates and increased efficiency, which modern dairy diets currently fail to maximize. The mechanistic target of r...

    Authors: Virginia L. Pszczolkowski, Steven J. Halderson, Emma J. Meyer, Amy Lin and Sebastian I. Arriola Apelo

    Citation: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2020 11:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on: