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The Monte Carlo radiotherapy system PRIMO: Dosimetry and treatment planning research problems

The Monte Carlo system

Guest Edited by Dr Lorenzo Brualla and Dr Luca Cozzi

Monte Carlo simulation is the state-of-the-art for the study of radiation transport problems in radiotherapy, in particular for modelling medical linear accelerators (linacs). PRIMO is a software system based on the Monte Carlo method that simulates linacs and absorbed dose distributions in external beam radiotherapy patients. The software has been installed in nearly 300 hospitals and in about 100 universities worldwide. It is being used in the clinical practice, in dosimetry, and for educational and research applications. The aim of this series is to gather the advances in the aforementioned areas that have been achieved using PRIMO. Submission to the series is by invitation only from the Guest Editors.

Competing interests:

Dr Lorenzo Brualla declares he is one of the authors of the software PRIMO.

Please click here to submit a manuscript to this series.


  1. Content type: Research

    IMRT provides higher dose conformation to the target and dose sparing to surrounding tissues than 3DCRT. Monte Carlo method in Medical Physics is not a novelty to approach dosimetric problems. A new PENELOPE b...

    Authors: Alessandro Esposito, Sofia Silva, Jorge Oliveira, Joana Lencart and João Santos

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    Published on: