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Patient and Public Involvement in Rheumatic and Musculskeletal Research

Call for Papers

BMC Rheumatology and BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders welcome submissions on Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) in rheumatic and musculoskeletal research. This unique Call for Papers aims to publish an Article Collection that prompts prioritization of patient perspectives.

Peer-review of submissions will be overseen by one of our academic and/or patient partner Guest Editors: 
-    Professor Adewale Adebajo MBE, University of Sheffield
-    Angie Botto-van Bemden PhD, LAT, ATC, CSCS, Patient Advocate
-    Wendy Costello, Irish Children’s Arthritis Network
-    Dr Sizheng Steven Zhao, University of Liverpool.

Patient and public involvement (PPI) is research being carried out by researchers alongside members of the public rather than to, about, or for them (National Institute for Health Research, UK). Patients and the public may be research partners or researchers themselves.. PPI as a concept is not new, and it has gained support in recent years due to increased awareness and commitments placed on researchers by scientific societies and funding agencies. 

Musculoskeletal and rheumatic healthcare practitioners have played a leading role in developing strategies to engage patients in the research process. Yet many active researchers believe that they do not have the knowledge or resources to contact, plan or manage patient involvement. This novel Call for Papers aims to create a constructive learning experience and to more meaningfully involve patient and public partners.

All papers related to PPI are welcomed and will be considered. We are interested in attracting clinical/pre-clinical studies that provide good examples of engaging patients, as well as methodological research into the study of PPI. Also included are case studies, narrative/systematic reviews related to PPI, and implementation studies actively involving the public as research partners. 

Patient perspectives are being commissioned, and interested public partners will be involved in the peer-review process using adapted reviewer guidelines. Please email any pre-submission inquiries, request additional information, or if you’d like to get involved in reviewing by emailing


Authors are encouraged to list how PPI was incorporated into the Paper via the submission’s cover letter and/or as Supplementary files. See below for a list of examples:

-   Specify that the submission should be considered for this Special Collection. Tick the relevant box during the submission process in Editorial Manager.

-   Confirm that a public referee, which can include an engaged patient, carer and/or lay person, may peer-review the paper.

-   Attach a plain language summary as a Supplementary File (in one or more languages).

-   Include the GRIPP-2 checklist for reporting PPI as Supplementary file. 

-   Declare whether inclusive language was used, PPI was incorporated into the study design, and/or all relevant patient/public partners were included in the submission’s authorship list.


Please ensure your manuscript adheres to the submission guidelines for BMC Series journals. Especially for manuscripts describing randomized trials, qualitative research, and systematic review methods, the Equator Network reporting guidelines should be followed. To submit your manuscript, please use our online submission system, Editorial Manager. Please make sure you submit in Editorial Manager and not our new editorial submission system. 

Accepted articles will be allocated to the journal that best fits scope, which will be decided at the discretion of the Editorial Office. Short reports, initial observations and data sets relevant to the collection will be considered in BMC Research Notes. This type of content will be published in BMC Research Notes and included in the final collection.

Articles will be published on this page as they get accepted. With the last article's publication, the whole article collection will be showcased on the journal’s website and further publicized via social media channels.

Submission Deadline: March 31, 2022

Meet the Collection Editors

Prof Adewale Abebajo MBE

Professor Adebajo MBE is a professor of health services research at the University of Sheffield and a patient and public involvement advisor and a member of the Management Board of the National Centre for Engagement and Dissemination of the United Kingdom National Institute for Health Research.  He is also Deputy Editor of a Springer Rheumatology journal.

Angie Botto-van Bemden PhD, LAT,  ATC, CSCS

Dr. Angie Botto-van Bemden is a patient advocate first and foremost. Angie is also the CEO/Founder of Musculoskeletal Research International and Clinical Research Experts, leading patient access to better treatment options by focusing on what matters most– the voice of the patient!

Wendy Costello, Irish Children's Arthritis Network

New Content ItemCo-founder and Chair of iCAN, Irish Children’s Arthritis Network, Chair of ENCA, European Network of Children with arthritis and autoinflammatory diseases. Member of the WORD DAY, WOrld Young Rheumatic Disease Day, steering committee and Chair of the UCD Centre of Arthritis Research steering committee. 

Dr Sizheng Steven Zhao

Dr Sizheng Steven Zhao is a rheumatologist and epidemiologist with interest in spondyloarthritis and comorbidities in rheumatic diseases. His research interest centres around causal inference in observational research, including pharmacoepidemiology and Mendelian randomization. Dr Zhao has authored over 60 peer reviewed publications and envisions an integrative approach to epidemiology combining traditional and genetic methods to improve prevention and management of rheumatic diseases.

  1. Patients with frailty get more and more attention in clinical practice. Yet, no large-scale studies have explored the impact of frailty on the perioperative acute medical and surgical complications following T...

    Authors: Qiang Lian, Kangxian Li, Qinfeng Yang, Yun Lian, Mingchen Zhao, Zhanjun Shi, Jian Wang and Yang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:384

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:478

  2. Over recent years the lack of patient involvement in the design, set-up and implementation of clinical research studies has been well recognised; as such there has been a drive within research communities to i...

    Authors: Hannah Jethwa, Melanie Brooke, Andrew Parkinson, Emma Dures and Nicola J. Gullick
    Citation: BMC Rheumatology 2022 6:13
  3. Despite the proven benefits of exercise rehabilitation for numerous health conditions, musculoskeletal injuries and recovery from surgery, patient adherence to such programs is reported to often be less than 3...

    Authors: Junsheng L. Teo, Zhen Zheng and Stephen R. Bird
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:18
  4. Given the health and economic burden of fractures related to osteoporosis, suboptimal adherence to medication and the increasing importance of shared-decision making, the Improvement of osteoporosis Care Organ...

    Authors: Dennis Cornelissen, Annelies Boonen, Silvia Evers, Joop P. van den Bergh, Sandrine Bours, Caroline E. Wyers, Sander van Kuijk, Marsha van Oostwaard, Trudy van der Weijden and Mickaël Hiligsmann
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:913
  5. The “parkrun: running or volunteering for everyone” (PROVE) project was an example of a community-based physical activity and volunteering initiative for people living with long-term health conditions in England....

    Authors: Helen Quirk and Steve Haake
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:123
  6. Total knee replacement (TKR) is one of the most commonly performed routine procedures in the world. Prognostic studies indicate that the number of TKR will further increase constituting growing burden on healt...

    Authors: Toni Lange, Stefanie Deckert, Franziska Beyer, Waldemar Hahn, Natascha Einhart, Martin Roessler, Martin Sedlmayr, Jochen Schmitt and Jörg Lützner
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:783
  7. Despite similar outcomes for surgery and conservative care, the number of surgeries to treat rotator cuff related shoulder pain has increased. Interventions designed to enhance treatment expectations for conse...

    Authors: Heather Myers, Francis Keefe, Steven Z. George, June Kennedy, Ashley Davis Lake, Corina Martinez and Chad Cook
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:727
  8. Research on adherence interventions in rheumatology is limited by methodological issues, particularly heterogeneous outcomes. We aimed to describe researchers’ experiences with conducting interventional studie...

    Authors: Shahrzad Salmasi, Ayano Kelly, Susan J. Bartlett, Maarten de Wit, Lyn March, Allison Tong, Peter Tugwell, Kathleen Tymms, Suzanne Verstappen and Mary A. De Vera
    Citation: BMC Rheumatology 2021 5:26
  9. Annually in the UK, 40,000–90,000 people are involved in a traumatic incident. Severity of injury and how well people recover from their injuries varies, with physiotherapy playing a key role in the rehabilita...

    Authors: N. Middlebrook, N. R. Heneghan, D. Falla, L. Silvester, A. B. Rushton and A. A. Soundy
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:163
  10. Globally, osteoarthritis (OA) is the third condition associated with disability. There is still poor treatment in OA but science holds the key to finding better treatments and a cure. It is essential to learn ...

    Authors: Marianna Vitaloni, Angie Botto-van Bemden, Rosa Sciortino, Xavier Carné, Maritza Quintero, Pedro Santos-Moreno, Rolando Espinosa, Oscar Rillo, Jordi Monfort, Francisco de Abajo, Elizabeth Oswald, Marco Matucci, Patrick du Souich, Ingrid Möller, Montserrat Romera Baures, Arlene Vinci…
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:727
  11. Inflammatory Arthritis is characterized by lifelong medical treatment and an unpredictable trajectory because of the fluctuating nature of the diseases. Proactive disease management is recommended, which inclu...

    Authors: Bianca Bech, Jens Jørgen Lykkegaard, Tine Lundbak, Heidi Morsø Schrøder, Line Mette Birkeland, Mette Lund Schlyter, Lotte Hanne Hansen, Lillian Dalsgaard and Bente Appel Esbensen
    Citation: BMC Rheumatology 2020 4:44
  12. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a prevalent form of chronic joint disease associated with functional restrictions and pain. Activity limitations negatively impact social connectedness and psychological well-being...

    Authors: Marianna Vitaloni, Angie Botto-van Bemden, Rosa Maya Sciortino Contreras, Deborah Scotton, Marco Bibas, Maritza Quintero, Jordi Monfort, Xavier Carné, Francisco de Abajo, Elizabeth Oswald, Maria R. Cabot, Marco Matucci, Patrick du Souich, Ingrid Möller, Guy Eakin and Josep Verges
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:493