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Operational Research on Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases in China

Guest edited by Xiao-Nong Zhou, Ning Feng, Jeffrey K. Edwards and John Reeder

A thematic series in Infectious Diseases of Poverty

IDP-TS-OROEARIDIC © Shen chunchen / Imaginechina / dOver the past decades, the infectious disease profile in China has been shifting with the rapid pace of social and economic development. Five notifiable infectious diseases have been almost eradicated, and the incidence of 18 additional notifiable infectious diseases has been significantly reduced. Unexpectedly, the incidence of over ten notifiable infectious diseases, including HIV, brucellosis, syphilis, and dengue fever, has been increasing. Nevertheless, frequent infectious disease outbreaks/events have been reported almost every year, and imported infectious diseases have increased since 2015. New pathogens and over 100 new genotypes or serotypes of known pathogens have been identified.

Structured Operational Research Training Initiative (SORT IT) guided by WHO/TDR aims to teach the practical skills for conducting and publishing Operational Research and how to influence policy, thus to improve health system through research. The 1st Cycle of SORT IT in China hosted by Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention aims to enhance the capacity on OR in health and supporting capacity to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) related developing countries on Operational Research in health of China. This thematic series focuses on the prevention and control of malaria, HIV/AIDS, HBV, schistosomiasis, tuberculosis, Japanese encephalitis, surveillance about emerging infectious diseases, etc.

  1. Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a leading cause of childhood viral encephalitis both at global level and in China. Vaccination is recommended as a key strategy to control JE. In China most JE cases have been rep...

    Authors: Xiao-Ting Hu, Qiong-Fen Li, Chao Ma, Zhi-Xian Zhao, Li-Fang He, Ting-Ting Tang, Wen Yu and Philip Owiti

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:102

    Content type: Research Article

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  2. The barriers to access diagnosis and receive treatment, in addition to insufficient case identification and reporting, lead to tuberculosis (TB) spreads in communities, especially among hard-to-reach populatio...

    Authors: Jin-Ou Chen, Yu-Bing Qiu, Zulma Vanessa Rueda, Jing-Long Hou, Kun-Yun Lu, Liu-Ping Chen, Wei-Wei Su, Li Huang, Fei Zhao, Tao Li and Lin Xu

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:92

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. In addition to providing free hepatitis B vaccine (HBvacc) series to all infants in China since 2005, the national programme on prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) sta...

    Authors: Ya-Ping Qiao, Min Su, Yao Song, Xiao-Yan Wang, Zhen Li, Yan-Lin Li, Li-Xia Dou, Qian Wang, Katrina Hann, Guo-Min Zhang, Xiao-Na Huang, Yu-Ning Yang, Xi Jin and Ai-Ling Wang

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:65

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. China has achieved zero indigenous malaria case report in 2017. However, along with the increasing of international cooperation development, there is an increasing number of imported malaria cases from Chinese...

    Authors: Shao-Sen Zhang, Jun Feng, Li Zhang, Xiang Ren, Elizabeth Geoffroy, Sylvie Manguin, Roger Frutos and Shui-Sen Zhou

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:61

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. There are limited nationally representative studies globally in the post-2015 END tuberculosis (TB) era regarding wealth related inequity in the distribution of catastrophic costs due to TB care. Under the Chi...

    Authors: Cai-Hong Xu, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Yin-Yin Xia, Li-Xia Wang, Yan Liu, Hui Zhang and Li Wang

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:46

    Content type: Research Article

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  6. An “integrated control” strategy has been implemented within seven provinces at highest risk for schistosomiasis along Yangtze River in Peoples’ Republic of China (P. R. China) since 2004. Since Oncomelania hupen...

    Authors: Si-Min Dai, Jeffrey Edwards, Zhou Guan, Shan Lv, Shi-Zhu Li, Li-Juan Zhang, Jun Feng, Ning Feng, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Jing Xu

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2019 8:48

    Content type: Research Article

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